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Chapter Six. Statehood for California. Lesson One: The Gold Rush. cape. A point of land that reaches out into the ocean. claim. The area a miner said belonged to him or her. clipper ship. A fast sailing ship. forty-niner. A person who went to California in 1849 to search for gold.

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Chapter Six

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Chapter Six

Statehood for California


Lesson One: The Gold Rush


cape

A point of land that reaches out into the ocean.


claim

The area a miner said belonged to him or her.


clipper ship

A fast sailing ship.


forty-niner

A person who went to California in 1849 to search for gold.


gold rush

A huge movement of people trying to find gold.


isthmus

A narrow piece of land that connects two larger land areas.


swamp

A low, wet area, usually covered by shallow water.


territory

A place owned and governed by a country.


Lesson Two: Good Times and Bad Times


consumer

A person who buys a product or a service.


discrimination

The unfair treatment of people because of such things as their religion, their race, or their birthplace.


entrepreneur

A person who sets up a new business.


1. Fred De Luca

In 1965 Fred De Luca borrowed just $1,000 to start the now-famous Subway sandwich restaurant. Fred was only 17 years old when he decided to be an entrepreneur, and he started the restaurant as a way to earn money for college. Since opening the first shop in Boston, the chain now has 32,401 locations and makes over $9 billion in sales yearly.

free enterprise

A kind of economy in which people can own and run their own businesses.


industry

All the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service.


population

The number of people who live in a place.


technology

The way people use new ideas to make tools or machines.


vigilante

A person who takes the law into his or her own hands.


The Thirty-First State


A group of people chosen to make a decision about a certain problem.

commission


An agreement in which each side in a conflict gives up some of what it wants.

compromise


A plan of government.

constitution


An important meeting.

convention


A person who is chosen to speak and act for others.

delegate


A state in which slavery was outlawed.

free state


A state in which slavery was allowed.

slave state


The making of some people the property of other people.

slavery


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