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PMI Lebanon Chapter Emotionally Intelligent Project Managers. Ibrahim Dani, PMP 27 September 2012. Session Outline. What is Emotional Intelligence What are the Emotional Intelligence principles Why emotions matter How to develop Emotionally Intelligent attitudes

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Pmi lebanon chapter emotionally intelligent project managers

PMI Lebanon ChapterEmotionally Intelligent Project Managers

Ibrahim Dani, PMP

27 September 2012


Session outline

Session Outline

  • What is Emotional Intelligence

  • What are the Emotional Intelligence principles

  • Why emotions matter

  • How to develop Emotionally Intelligent attitudes

  • Emotional Intelligence and Project Managers


Pmi lebanon chapter emotionally intelligent project managers

Anyone can become angry,

that is easy.

But to be angry with the right person,

to the right degree,

at the right time,

for the right purpose,

and in the right way,

that is not easy.

Aristotle


What is emotional intelligence

What is Emotional Intelligence

1.Being aware of, and in control of our own emotions while being empathetic enough to perceive and manage the emotions of others.


What is emotional intelligence1

What is Emotional Intelligence

1. Being aware of, and in control of our own emotions while being empathetic enough to perceive and manage the emotions of others.

2.The ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions


What is emotional intelligence2

What is Emotional Intelligence

1.Being aware of, and in control of our own emotions while being empathetic enough to perceive and manage the emotions of others.

2.The ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions.

3.The capacity to understand, value and wisely manage emotions in relationship to oneself and others


Emotional intelligence principles

Emotional intelligence principles

  • Emotional Intelligence is not one single thing, it is a mixture of attitudes, feelings and thoughts

  • Emotional Intelligence predicts performance

  • Emotional Intelligence can be measured

  • Emotional Intelligence can be changed

  • Developing your Emotional Intelligence will impact on all areas of your life


Emotional intelligence approaches

Emotional intelligence approaches

  • Emotional intelligence and personality

  • Emotional intelligence and motivation

  • Emotional intelligence and competencies


Character traits of emotionally intelligent people

Character traits of emotionally intelligent people

  • Continuous striving for personal development

  • Unrelenting commitment to support others’ interests

  • Clarity of intentions

  • Sustaining positive values

  • listening and observation

  • Objectivity

  • Challenging the status quo

  • Taking the longer view

  • Converting negative inclinations into positive thoughts

  • Nurturing the team


Character traits of those who are not emotionally intelligent

Character traits of those who are not emotionally intelligent

  • Assume that something good will turn up

  • See things only through their own eyes

  • Are imprecise about their goals

  • Follow the crowd before they follow their conscience

  • Reject the opinions of those they perceive to lack authority

  • Don’t want to believe they can change themselves or others

  • Put status before authority

  • React on impulse not thought

  • Are pessimistic in the face of change

  • Communicate what they think people want to hear


Why emotions matter emotions are contagious

Why emotions matter?Emotions are contagious

  • A group of volunteers played the role of managers allocating bonuses to their subordinates

  • A trained actor was planted to talk first and project among different groups:

    • cheerful enthusiasm

    • relaxed warmth

    • depressed sluggishness

    • hostile irritability

  • Result: the actor ‘infected’ the groups with his emotions

    • ‘happy’ groups distributed the money fairly


  • Why emotions matter emotions are manageable

    Why emotions matter?Emotions are manageable

    • Roadway Express Inc. launched a “Breakthrough Leadership Program” based on emotional intelligence, focusing on:

      • helping managers identify areas for behaviour changes, then

      • giving them opportunities to practice new habits real-time.

    • The program helped everyone understand and manage emotions:

      • cope with stress

      • make better decisions

  • Results within 3 years:

    • injuries decreased by 43% annually

    • accidents decreased by 41% annually

    • saved $6 million


  • Why emotions matter emotions compared to iq

    Why emotions matter?Emotions compared to IQ

    • A study for 40 years of 450 boys suggested that IQ had little relation to how well they did at work

    • The main triggers for success were childhood abilities such as:

      • handling frustration

      • controlling emotions

      • getting along with other people


    Why emotions matter emotions compared to iq1

    Why emotions matter?Emotions compared to IQ

    • 80 PhD graduates at Berkeley underwent a battery of personality and IQ tests in the 1950s

    • 40 years later, estimates were made of their success

      • social and emotional abilities were 4 times more important than IQ in determining professional success and prestige


    Why emotions matter emotions compared to iq2

    Why emotions matter?Emotions compared to IQ


    Why emotions matter emotions help iq

    Why emotions matter?Emotions help IQ

    • Emotional skills help improve cognitive skills

    • “Marshmallow studies” at Stanford University

      • 4-years kids left alone in a room with a marshmallow

      • if they don’t eat the marshmallow, they will have two

      • later, those who waited had higher scores in SAT


    Why emotions matter optimists are better learners

    Why emotions matter?Optimists are better learners

    • 500 members of the freshman class at the University of Pennsylvania were tested

      • their scores on a test of optimism were a better predictor of actual grades than SAT scores or high school grades


    Why emotions matter optimists are better sales reps

    Why emotions matter?Optimists are better sales reps

    • In a research at Met Life about new sales reps

      • optimists sold 37% more insurance in 2 years

    • To verify research, Met Life hired a special group who scored high on optimism but failed normal screening

      • outsold pessimists by 21% in their first year, and

      • outsold pessimists by 57% in the second year


    Why emotions matter empathy contributes to success

    Why emotions matter?Empathy contributes to success

    • A Harvard study discovered that people who were best at identifying others’ emotions, were

      • more successful in their work, as well as

      • more successful in their social lives

    • A survey of retail sales buyers found that apparel sales reps were valued primarily for their empathy:

      • buyers wanted reps who could listen well, and

      • really understand what they wanted


    Why emotions matter ei creates better leaders

    Why emotions matter?EI creates better leaders

    • According to hundreds of studies:

      • effective leaders use more emotional intelligence competencies every day than mediocre leaders

      • leaders who are able to establish “mutual trust, respect, and a certain warmth and rapport” with members of their group will be more effective

    • Project managers are no exception


    Emotional intelligence two aspects of intelligence

    Emotional Intelligence: two aspects of intelligence

    • Intrapersonal intelligence

      • picking up what’s going on inside us

        • and doing what needs to be done about it

  • Interpersonal intelligence

    • picking up what’s going on in -and between- other people

      • and doing what needs to be done about it


  • Pmi lebanon chapter emotionally intelligent project managers

    Self-management

    Emotional resilience

    Personal power

    Goal directedness

    Flexibility

    Personal connectedness

    Invitation to trust

    Relationship management

    Trust

    Balanced outlook – realism

    Conflict handling

    Interdependence

    Self-awareness

    Awareness of others

    Self-regard

    Regard for others

    Intrapersonal intelligence

    Interpersonal intelligence


    Self management emotional resilience

    Self-management: Emotional resilience

    • How well do you bounce back when things go wrong?

    • Emotional resilience:

      • effectively recover from negative situations

      • turn negative thoughts and emotions into positive ones


    Self management personal power

    Self-management:Personal power

    • Do you see yourself as a victim?

      • always looking to blame other people or things for your failure to succeed?

  • Personal power:

    • take control of your life

    • be responsible for your own actions


  • Self management goal directedness

    Self-management:Goal directedness

    • Do you regularly find your self procrastinating?

      • looking for excuses?

      • spending time on things that will not help you achieve your goals?

  • Goal directedness:

    • be clear on your goals

    • ensure that your attitudes, beliefs, and actions do support your movement towards your goals


  • Self management flexibility

    Self-management:Flexibility

    • Do you resist change?

      • Always trying to hold on the way things used to be?

  • Flexibility

    • adapt your thoughts, attitudes and behaviour in time of change

    • see change as an opportunity to create something new and better


  • Self management personal connectedness

    Self-management:Personal connectedness

    • Are you honest with yourself about how you feel?

    • Are you open to others about your true feelings?

    • Personal connectedness:

      • make significant connections with others

      • be prepared to communicate your true feelings to others


    Self management invitation to trust

    Self-management:Invitation to trust

    • Do you change your opinion just to be liked by others?

    • Do you regularly fail to keep promises?

    • Do you say things you don’t really mean?

    • Invitation to trust:

      • be consistent, true to your word and reliable


    Relationship management trust

    Relationship management:Trust

    • Do you trust all people all the time?

      • do you get disappointed?

      • does this allow others to take advantage of you?

  • Do you not trust anyone?

    • are you suspicious of everyone?

    • does this make you feel lonely?

  • Trust:

    • be careful when you trust people

    • be vigilant


  • Relationship management balanced outlook realism

    Relationship management:Balanced outlook – Realism

    • Do you focus on what’s wrong with things?

      • do you always highlight problems?

  • Do you assume everything will be OK?

    • do you set unrealistic goals?

  • Balanced outlook:

    • keep a positive attitude, but realistic one

    • focus on solutions rather than problems


  • Relationship management emotional expression and control

    Relationship management:Emotional expression and control

    • Do your emotions change quickly?

      • one moment feeling relaxed and happy, the next you are angry

  • Do you hide your emotions?

    • believe it is not appropriate to show how you feel?

  • Emotional expression and control:

    • don‘t allow your emotions to burst into your behaviour

    • choose when to allow your emotions to show


  • Relationship management conflict handling

    Relationship management:Conflict handling

    • Do you regularly shy away from conflict?

      • do you use humour to avoid discussions

  • Do you view conflict as a battle ending in a winner and a loser

    • do you always want to be the winner?

    • do you find yourself shouting, interrupting and not listening?

  • Conflict handling:

    • be assertive, standing up for your own wants and needs

    • be prepared to listen, understand and compromise


  • Relationship management interdependence

    Relationship management:Interdependence

    • Do you depend too much on others?

      • do you find false security with the people around you?

  • Do you believe in “if you want something to be perfectly done, do it your self”

    • do you think working with others holds you back?

  • Interdependence:

    • recognise that you can be successful on your own, but

    • also believe that cooperating with others is usually productive: 1 + 1 = 4


  • Self management vs relationship management

    Self-management vs Relationship management

    • Self-management scales are linear: more is better

      • Emotional resilience, personal power, goal directedness, flexibility, personal connectedness, invitation to trust

  • Relationship management scales are bipolar: seek a balance

    • Trust, balanced outlook, emotional expression and control, conflict handling, interdependence


  • Can emotional intelligence be improved

    Can emotional intelligence be improved?

    • YES.

    • HOW?

      • Reflective learning

        • look back at your experiences

        • reflect on how you and others:

          • thought,

          • felt,

          • behaved

        • and do something about it...


    Improve your emotional intelligence what to improve

    Improve your emotional intelligencewhat to improve?

    • Improve the emotional intelligence foundations:

      • Self-regard  high self-regard

      • Regard for others  high regard to others

      • Self-awareness  high self-awareness

      • Awareness of others  high awareness of others


    Improve your self regard

    Improve your self-regard

    • Regularly think positive thoughts about your self

    • Always be optimistic

    • Be comfortable saying ‘no’ and giving honest explanation

    • Don’t look to blame others

    • Don’t avoid conflict, embrace it with assertiveness

    • Don’t criticise your physical appearance

    • Don’t ever wish you are someone else


    Improve your regard for others

    Improve your regard for others

    • Regularly think positive thoughts about others

    • Don’t criticise people, criticise their behaviour

    • Regularly praise people, and their behaviour

    • Focus on the strengths of people, not their weaknesses

    • In conflict, focus on criticising actions and opinions, not people

    • Don’t criticise the physical appearance of other people


    Improve your self awareness

    Improve your self-awareness

    • Regularly pay attention to how you are feeling

    • Be a good listener to your body

    • Believe that emotions are at least as important as rational thoughts

    • Be aware of how your body communicates good/bad emotions

    • Regularly use your intuition when making decisions

    • Regularly reflect on your actions


    Improve your awareness of others

    Improve your awareness of others

    • Regularly pay attention to how other people are feeling

    • Be a good listener to others, and rarely interrupt them

    • Be aware of other people body language

    • Regularly ask people how they are feeling

    • Ask a lot of open questions to help you understand others

    • Listen carefully to the words other people choose to use


    How to improve your emotional intelligence

    How to improve your emotional intelligence

    • Change your habits:

      • train your self to respond rather than react when facing certain situations or feeling particular emotions

    • Respond: consciously, intentionally, knowingly, wilfully, deliberately, on purpose

    • React: unconsciously, mechanically, instinctively, reflexively, involuntarily, without thinking

    Controlled Responsiveness

    Uncontrolled

    Reaction


    How to change your habits

    How to change your habits

    • Changing your habits take time, but it is doable

    Uncontrolled

    reaction

    Unconsciously incompetent

    Unconsciously Competent

    Controlled

    responsiveness

    Consciously incompetent

    Consciously Competent


    Ei and project managers self awareness and control

    EI and Project ManagersSelf awareness and control

    • Stay in touch with your own feelings

    • Be honest with yourself

    • Practice keeping your feelings under control

    • Practice distinguishing between what you feel and what you think

    • Build self-confidence and self-esteem

    • Learn to communicate effectively

    • Reflect on your own vision

    • Demonstrate “passion” for the task at hand

      • complain about your project’s complexity and the excitement is destroyed immediately


    Ei and project managers social awareness and recognition

    EI and Project ManagersSocial awareness and recognition

    • Put in extra effort to listen and observe

    • Put empathy in action

    • Understand the emotional needs of the team

    • Mould and inspire the team

    • Manage emotions


    And to wrap up

    And to wrap up...

    • Emotional intelligence is not new

      • abilities associated with it have been studied for years

  • A growing body of research suggests that these abilities are important for success in many areas

    • a person’s ability to perceive, identify and manage emotions provides the basis for success in any job

  • Use the power of emotional intelligence to ignite excitement in your organisation

    • you’ll be amazed at the results !


  • Pmi lebanon chapter emotionally intelligent project managers

    Anyone can become angry,

    that is easy.

    But to be angry with the right person,

    to the right degree,

    at the right time,

    for the right purpose,

    and in the right way,

    that is not easy.

    Aristotle


    Thank you

    Thank You!


    References

    References

    • Selected articles and book reviews from the “Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations” www.eiconsortium.org

    • Goleman, Daniel (1995); “Emotional Intelligence”, Bantam Books, New York

    • Goleman, Daniel (1998); “Working with Emotional Intelligence”, Bantam Books, New York

    • Kite, Neilson and Kay, Frances (2012); “Understanding Emotional Intelligence”, Kogan Page Limited, London

    • Mersino, Anthony (2007); “Emotional Intelligence for Project Managers”, AMACOM, New York

    • Neale, Stephen et al (2009); “Emotional Intelligence Coaching”, Kogan Page Limited, London


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