The death marches and the liberators
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The Death Marches and the Liberators. Death Marches. Winter of 1944/45, Germans knew war was lost Tried to evacuate the death camps Wanted to conceal the evidence Prisoners were forced to march towards Germany in the dead of winter. Death Marches.

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The Death Marches and the Liberators

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The Death Marches and the Liberators


Death Marches

  • Winter of 1944/45, Germans knew war was lost

  • Tried to evacuate the death camps

    • Wanted to conceal the evidence

  • Prisoners were forced to march towards Germany in the dead of winter


Death Marches

  • Jan. 1945, just hours before the Red army arrives at Auschwitz, prisoners were marched to Wodzislaw

  • Anyone who lagged behind was shot

  • Many shot for no reason


Death Marches

  • 59 different marches from Nazi concentration camps during final winter of Nazi domination

  • Listen to a survivor tell about the death marches


Death Marches


Death Marches


Liberation

  • Soviet soldiers were first to enter a concentration camp

    • Majdanek

  • SS tried to hide the evidence

  • Soldiers shocked by what they saw

  • Press coverage was intense

    • Was dismissed as Communist propaganda


Soviets Enter Auschwitz

  • January 27, 1945, Soviet forces entered Auschwitz

  • Listen to Sam Itzkowitz story of liberation from Auschwitz


British liberate Bergen-Belsen

  • April 15, 1945- British liberate Bergen-Belsen

    • Had typhus epidemic

    • Conditions were horrific


British liberate Bergen-Belsen

  • Camp had to be burned

  • German citizens brought in to tour the camp

  • The films the British took were broadcast throughout the world.


British Liberate Bergen-Belsen


British Liberate Bergen-Belsen


Americans Liberate Buchenwald

  • April 11, 1945- Americans liberate Buchenwald


Eisenhower Inspecting Ohrdruf


Americans Liberate Buchenwald


Americans Liberate Dachau

  • April 29, 1945, Americans liberate Dachau


Americans Liberate Dachau


Americans Liberate Dachau


Americans Liberate Dachau


Last Camps Liberated

  • The last camps encountered by the Americans were Mauthausen and Gusen on May 5, 1945.

    • 3 days later, the war was over

  • Army begins the intense battle to bring the survivors back to life


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