Appositives are noun phrases that identify adjacent nouns or pronouns.
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Near the statue was an obvious tourist, an oriental lady with a Kodak camera. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Appositives are noun phrases that identify adjacent nouns or pronouns. They can occur as sentence openers, subject-verb splits, or sentences closers. Sentence Openers 1. One of eleven brothers and sisters , Harriet was a moody, willful child. Langston Hughes, “Road to Freedom”.

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Near the statue was an obvious tourist, an oriental lady with a Kodak camera.

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Appositives are noun phrases that identify adjacent nouns or pronouns. They can occur as sentence openers, subject-verb splits, or sentences closers.


Sentence Openers1. One of eleven brothers and sisters, Harriet was a moody, willful child.Langston Hughes, “Road to Freedom”


2. A balding, smooth-faced man, he could have been anywhere between forty and sixty.Harper Lee, To Kill A Mockingbird


Subject-Verb Splits1. Poppa, a good quiet man, spent the last hours before our parting moving aimlessly about the yard, keeping to himself and avoiding me.Gordon Parks, “My Mother’s Dream for Me”


2. A man, a weary old pensioner with a bald dirty head and a stained brown corduroy waistcoat, appeared at the door of a small gate lodge.Brian Moore, The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne


Sentence Closers1. The boy looked at them, big black ugly insects.Doris Lessing, African Stories


2. Hour after hour he stood there, silent, motionless, a shadow carved in ebony and moonlight.James V. Marshall, Walkabout


Each scrambled sentence has one or more appositives. Identify them. Then unscramble the sentence parts and write out the sentence, punctuating it correctly. Compare your sentences with the originals.


a. the tyrannosaurb. with huge flaring nostrilsc. a long snuffling inhalation that fluttered Baselton’s trouser legsd. gave Baselton a smellMichael Crichton, The Lost World


OriginalWith huge flaring nostrils, the tyrannosaur gave Baselton a smell, a long snuffling inhalation that fluttered Baselton’s trouser legs.


a. went over to Tom Will’s saloonb. in the late afternoonc. Will Hendersond. and editor of the Eaglee. ownerSherwood Anderson, Winesburg, Ohio


OriginalIn the late afternoon Will Henderson, owner and editor of the Eagle, went over to Tom Will’s saloon.


a. and the jingle of trace chainsb. was louderc. drag of brakesd. the sound of the approaching grain teamse. thud of big hooves on hard groundJohn Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men


OriginalThe sound of the approaching grain teams was louder, thud of big hooves on hard ground, drag of brakes, and the jingle of trace chains.


Combining and ImitatingStudy the model, and then combine the sentences that follow into one sentence that imitates the model. Change the first sentence to resemble the first sentence part of the model, the second sentence to resemble the second sentence part of the model, etc. Finally, write you own sentence that imitates the model.


Model: Mr. Cattanzara, a stocky, bald-headed man who worked in a change booth on an IRT station, lived on the next block after George’s, above a shoe repair store.Bernard Malamud, “A Summer’s Reading”


Sentences to be combineda. This is about Jan Carter.b. She is an unabashed, suntanned flirt.c. She smiled at him in the cafeteria line.d. She transferred to the department near Tom’s.e. She transferred for a “chance” meeting.


Jan Carter, an unabashed, suntanned flirt who smiled at him in the cafeteria line, transferred to the department near Tom’s for a “chance” meeting.


Model: Among the company was a lawyer, a young man of about twenty-five.Anton Chekhov, “The Bet”


a. She was near the statue.b. She was an obvious tourist.c. She was an oriental lady.d. She had a Kodak camera.


Near the statue was an obvious tourist, an oriental lady with a Kodak camera.


Model: Captain Bentick was a family man, a lover of dogs and pink children and Christmas.John Steinbeck, The Moon is Down


a. “Missouri” is a casserole.b. The casserole is special.c. It is a blend of several ingredients.d. It has potatoes.e. It has tomatoes.f. The tomatoes are stewed.g. It has hamburger.


“Missouri” is a special casserole, a blend of potatoes and stewed tomatoes and hamburger.


At the slash mark, add an appositive phrase. The first few words are provided and the number of words omitted from the original is noted in the brackets after the slash mark. Approximate that number.


He remembered a chipmunk he had as a small boy, a pet /[10].Hal Borland, When the Legends Die.


He remembered a chipmunk he had as a small boy, a pet that came when he called and sat in his hand.


The writer, an old/[5], had some difficulty in getting into bed.Sherwood Anderson, Winesburg, Ohio


The writer, an old man with a white mustache, had some difficulty in getting into bed.


Your CSI is due tomorrow: Elvis Presley, the famous king of 50s rock and roll who achieved fame overnight, made his first national appearance on the “Ed Sullivan Show,” a live television music and variety program during which the camera man was given special directions for shooting the Presley performance.


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