History development of chinese political culture
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 22

History & Development of Chinese Political Culture PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 43 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

History & Development of Chinese Political Culture. Impact of Geography. 3 rd largest nation in the world (land surface) Supports the world’s largest population (1.3 billion). Impact of Geography. Demographics

Download Presentation

History & Development of Chinese Political Culture

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


History development of chinese political culture

History & Development of Chinese Political Culture


Impact of geography

Impact of Geography

  • 3rd largest nation in the world (land surface)

  • Supports the world’s largest population (1.3 billion)


Impact of geography1

Impact of Geography

  • Demographics

    1.) Rugged terrain in the west, created population centers in the more favorable lands of the east

    2.) Geographic/climatic differences splits north and south


Impact of geography2

Impact of Geography

Illustration - Location of China’s Dynasties


Impact of geography3

Impact of Geography

3.) China’s Isolation from the World

  • Mountain ranges, deserts, and oceans create an ‘island effect’ of China from the rest of the world


Important time periods of china

Important Time Periods of China

1)Dynastic China

  • For over 3,600 years China was ruled by authoritarian emperors; people as subjects


Important time periods of china1

Important Time Periods of China

1)Dynastic China

  • For over 3,600 years China was ruled by authoritarian emperors; people as subjects

  • Emperors’ legitimacy was established through the Mandate of Heaven (Right to Rule; God’s favor)

  • Government/Political change occurred according to the Dynastic Cycle (handout)


Important time periods of china2

Important Time Periods of China

1)Dynastic China

  • Mandate of Heaven & the Dynastic Cycle


Important time periods of china3

Important Time Periods of China

1)Dynastic China

  • The philosophy of Confucianism greatly shaped Chinese politics

  • Confucian Principles

    • Strong family loyalty

    • Ancestor worship

    • Respect of Elders by the Young

    • Order & Harmony

  • Emphasis on knowledge & acceptance

  • Democratic Centralism?

Confucius

Chinese thinker and social philosopher during the 6th century B.C.E.


Important time periods of china4

Important Time Periods of China

2) Zhongguo – “The Middle Kingdom”

  • (Geographically China developed relatively isolated)

  • Middle Kingdom (central country) – the belief that China was the center of civilization

    • Resisted Imperialism movement

    • Foreigners were seen as barbarians/devils and had little to offer ‘superior’ China

    • Developed Strong Chinese Nationalistic Pride

    • Role in Foreign Exploration – Little/No Chinese Involvement


Important time periods of china5

Important Time Periods of China

3) Republic of China

  • The Qing Dynasty was devastated by foreign influence, internal rebellions and famine.

  • Republic of China(1912-1949)

    • Chinese reformers ended the dynastic rule of China

    • 2 Different Directions (Chinese Civil War)

      • Chiang Kai-shek tried to transform China into a modern, democratic state

      • Mao Zedong tried to instill Communism in China

        • “The Long March”

    • After Japanese rule ended after WWII, Mao and the Communists eventually prevailed


Important time periods of china6

Important Time Periods of China

4) People’s Republic of China (1949-1996)

  • The Communist PRC was led by Mao Zedong

  • How did Mao’s view of Communism differ from Marx’s and Lenin’s/Soviets’?

  • Mao’s Communist China was much more egalitarian than Soviet Russia and based on the strength of the peasant farmer/worker


Important time periods of china7

Important Time Periods of China

4) People’s Republic of China (1949-1996)

  • 3 Phases

    • The Soviet Model (1949-1957)

      • U.S.S.R. supported Chinese Communism

      • Encouraged land reform (re-distribution) and 5-year plans of industrialization and collectivization

    • The Great Leap Forward (1958-1966)

      • Mao wanted Chinese independence from U.S.S.R. and wanted to create an egalitarian society

      • De-centralized power, ‘people’ in charge of government, emphasized agricultural development

    • Mao’s Great Leap Forward was ultimately unsuccessful


Important time periods of china8

Important Time Periods of China

4) People’s Republic of China (1949-1996)

  • 3 Phases

    3.The Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)

    • An aggressive reform plan whose main goal was to remove all vestiges of old China

    • Included radical political, social, and economic change based on Mao’s Core Philosophies (handout)


Mao zedong s core philosophies

Mao Zedong’s Core Philosophies

1.) Ethic of Struggle

  • Encouraged the people to actively pursue the values of socialism, something that would require struggle and devotion

    2.) Mass Line

  • A line of communication between party leaders, members, and peasants. Teaching and listening was every level’s responsibility

    3.) Collectivism

  • Valuing the good of the community above that of the individual

    4.) Egalitarianism

  • Equality; opposite of traditional organization of Chinese/Confucian societies

    5.) Self-Reliance

  • Don’t rely on government/elites, people should rely on their own talents to contribute


Important time periods of china9

Important Time Periods of China

4) People’s Republic of China (1949-1996)

  • 3 Phases

    3.The Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)

    • An aggressive reform plan that included radical political, social, and economic change based on Mao’s Core Philosophies (handout)

      • Allowed for some market-oriented polices

      • Tried to remove all vestiges of old China, its hierarchical bureaucracy, and inequality

        • Ex.) Scholars worked in the fields, universities & libraries were destroyed; everyone received basic education (read & write) nothing more.


Important time periods of china10

Important Time Periods of China

5) Deng Xiaoping’s Modernizations (1978-1997)

  • Turned around the Chinese economy through socialist planning and capitalist free market

    “It doesn’t matter whether a cat is white or black, as long as it catches mice”

  • Four Modernizations – focused on industry, agriculture, science, and the military

    • Open Door Trade Policy

    • Reforms in Education (reversal of Cultural Revolution)

    • Institutionalization of the Revolution

      • Restoring legal system and bureaucracy of ‘old China’; decentralizing government, infusion capitalism


  • Login