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French and Indian War. 1750’s British and French claim the Ohio River Valley Albany Plan of Union War breaks out in 1754 Spreads to Europe by 1756 British capture Quebec in 1759 Treaty of Paris, 1763 France loses most of its colonial empire in North America . Proclamation Line of 1763.

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French and indian war
French and Indian War

  • 1750’s British and French claim the Ohio River Valley

  • Albany Plan of Union

  • War breaks out in 1754

  • Spreads to Europe by 1756

  • British capture Quebec in 1759

  • Treaty of Paris, 1763

    • France loses most of its colonial empire in North America


Proclamation line of 1763
Proclamation Line of 1763

  • British trying to maintain peace with the Indians.

  • Pontiac’s Rebellion


Issue of taxation
Issue of Taxation

  • Enlightenment Thinkers

    • John Locke

      • “social contract”

    • William Blackstone

      • Rights of the individual

  • Samuel Adams and others argue that the British government should not tax the colonists without their consent.


Colonial reaction to the stamp act
Colonial Reaction to the Stamp Act

  • Boycotted British goods

  • Attacked British officials

  • Resolutions against the Stamp Act in colonial legislatures

  • “Stamp Act Congress”

  • British repeal the Stamp Act.

  • Townshend Acts introduced

  • Sam Adams and others form the Sons of Liberty



Committee of correspondence
Committee of Correspondence

  • Formed in 1772 by Sam Adams with James Warren and his wife Mercy Otis Warren.

  • Mercy Otis Warren wrote satires against the British.



Met in Philadelphia

Decided to continue protesting British Taxes

Each colony should form a militia


Lexington and Concord, April 1775-

British soldiers and Minutemen clash



Thomas paine s common sense
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Army

  • Pamphlet published early in 1776

    • America should not be governed by a small, distant island.

    • Colonists derived no benefit from British rule

  • Many patriots began to demand independence


Declaration of independence
Declaration of Independence Army

  • Second Continental Congress

  • Richard Henry Lee proposed

  • Committee:

    • Thomas Jefferson

    • Ben Franklin

    • John Adams

    • Roger Sherman

    • Robert Livingston


Declaration of independence1
Declaration of Independence Army

  • Issued on July 4, 1776

    • Explained the reasons the colonists sought independence

    • Jefferson used Locke’s ideas that government’s purpose is to protect citizen’s unalienable rights

    • Grievances against the King






Bernardo de galvez
Bernardo de Galvez Army

  • Commanded Spanish troops in Louisiana.

  • Shipped supplies to the Americans

  • Defeated British troops in Florida


Haym solomon
Haym Army Solomon

  • Jewish merchant and banker-emigrated from Poland

  • Financed the Continental Army

  • Loaned money to the U.S.


James armistead
James Armistead Army

  • African-American slave who acted as a spy

  • Posed as an escaped slave which allowed him to travel freely between armies

  • Reported back to Lafayette


John paul jones
John Paul Jones Army

  • America’s first naval hero

  • Bonhomme Richard

  • “I’ve not yet begun to fight!”



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