The dutch r d system characteristics and trends with a focus on government funding
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The Dutch R&D system characteristics and trends, with a focus on government funding. Jan van Steen Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, The Netherlands Madrid, 3-4 July 2008. The political and governmental level Advisory bodies R&D funding organisations

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The Dutch R&D system characteristics and trends, with a focus on government funding

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The dutch r d system characteristics and trends with a focus on government funding

The Dutch R&D systemcharacteristics and trends, with a focus on government funding

Jan van Steen

Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, The Netherlands

Madrid, 3-4 July 2008


A multi level r d system

The political and governmental level

Advisory bodies

R&D funding organisations

Intermediary organisations and temporary task forces

R&D performing institutes

Research facilitating institutes

Parliament, Cabinet, Ministries

Advisory Council, Innovation Platform, Academy of Sciences

Government, enterprises, other national funds, abroad

Research Council, Academy of Sciences, Task forces on Genomics and ICT

Universities, institutes, enterprises

Liaison office for EU, ICT infrastructure, Royal Library

A multi level R&D system


Increasing complexity in the science system

Increasing complexity in the science system


High ambitions in science policy

High ambitions in science policy …

  • To be in the top of Europe

  • To have an excellent research climate, based on:

    • An ambitious climate

    • Self management within scientific disciplines

    • Focus on talent and talent development

    • Scientific areas should fit to the agenda’s of government, the business sector and societal organisations

    • Research with a practical focus

  • To achieve with

    • Strengthening the role of pure scientific research

    • A greater focus on national research priorities

    • Solid social embedding of scientific research

    • Independence, transparent accountability and proper quality management


But a mixed performance today

… but a mixed performance today

  • Very modest R&D-expenditure (€ 8,9 billion = 1.67% of GDP): in the middle group of OECD countries, and even below the EU average

  • A relatively large public R&D sector and small private R&D sector, funding as well as performance

  • Relatively few researchers and under representation of specific groups

  • Scientific output: 2.5% of world output (ranked 10th), combined with a relative good productivity

  • High citation impact score: 1.34 (ranked third worldwide)


A decreasing trend in r d expenditure

A decreasing trend in R&D expenditure


Government funding of r d why

Government funding of R&D: why?

  • Institutional funding for the maintenance of the knowledge infrastructure (basic research at universities and institutes, applied research institutes)

  • For knowledge development for governmental policies (“evidence based policy”)

  • Specific funding is a powerful instrument of (science) policy, that can steer the direction of R&D

  • In addition to other instruments like legislation, regulations and dialogue


Policy issues related to funding

Policy issues related to funding

  • Public versus private funding

  • Institutional versus project funding (long term versus short term)

    • Assumption: a large increase of project funding

  • The capacity for free basic research versus oriented research

  • The increasing complexity of the system


Government funding of r d how much

Government funding of R&D: how much?


Government funding of r d how

Government funding of R&D: how?

  • Institutional funding

    • Basic institutional funding (the universities)

    • Oriented institutional funding (TNO, GTI’s)

    • Infrastructure and equipment

    • International institutes and programmes

  • Project funding

    • Contract research

    • Open competition programmes

    • Thematic competition programmes

    • Consortium competition programmes


Eu project on public funding of r d

EU project on public funding of R&D

  • Context: the PRIME network of researchers, funded through the Framework Programme of the EU

  • Aim: to compare funding modes in a number of countries (Switzerland, Italy, France, Norway, Austria and the Netherlands), leading to country reports

  • Specific orientation on the role and composition of project funding by instruments, which differs between countries (academic, thematic, innovation oriented)

  • The Dutch project was largely based on the analysis of GBAORD data for the years 1975-2005


Some results of the dutch project

Some results of the Dutch project

  • The share of government funding declined

  • Two ministries are dominant: Science and Economic Affairs (more that 80 percent)

  • Project funding increases most

  • But: as a relative share it increases between 1975 and 1990, then it stabilizes

  • The system is getting more complex!


Institutional versus project funding

Institutional versus project funding


Funding types by ministry

Funding types by ministry


Some general conclusions on dutch r d

Some general conclusions on Dutch R&D

  • A mixed performance

    • Modest R&D expenditure, especially in the private sector

    • But a high scientific performance and impact

  • In a increasingly complex organisational setting

  • A number of major challenges to achieve the ambitions


Challenges

Challenges

  • Implementing a long term strategy for public and private investments in research talent and R&D (investing in high performing groups)

  • Stimulating the inflow of talented researchers, national and international

  • Based on an integrated effort of the different partners: government, research organisations, private sector

  • With the Innovation Platform as main stimulating party


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