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A Profile of Poverty in Franklin County. Community Action Agency Research Report. About Community Research Partners. Strengthening Ohio communities through data, information, and knowledge. Unique non-profit research center and partnership: City of Columbus United Way of Central Ohio

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a profile of poverty in franklin county

A Profile of Poverty in Franklin County

Community Action Agency

Research Report

about community research partners
About Community Research Partners
  • Strengthening Ohio communities through data, information, and knowledge.
  • Unique non-profit research center and partnership:
    • City of Columbus
    • United Way of Central Ohio
    • John Glenn School of Public Affairs at OSU
    • Franklin County Commissioners
franklin county caa research background
Franklin County CAA Research: Background
  • Columbus Areas Community Action Organization (CMACAO) closed in 2005
  • Mayor Coleman formed a Task Force to examine problems at CMACAO and then design new CAA
  • CRP asked by the Task Force to conduct research to inform decisions about design of new CAA
    • Funded by the City of Columbus, United Way of Central Ohio, and Franklin County
franklin county caa research research questions
Franklin County CAA Research: Research Questions
  • What are the characteristics of the U.S. and Franklin County poverty population and anti-poverty programs, and how have these changed since the 1960’s?
  • What are the needs of the Franklin County low-income population, and what programs and resources are available to address them?
  • What models and best practices should be considered in the development of the new Franklin County CAA?
franklin county caa research research methods data sources
Franklin County CAA Research: Research Methods & Data Sources
  • State and national literature on poverty issues
  • Social, economic, and demographic indicator data (CRP Community Indicators Database)
  • Client statistics from key service providers
  • FIRSTLINK Information and Referral Database
  • CRP human services funding resource inventory
  • Focus groups and community forums
  • CAA best practices interviews
what is poverty
What is poverty?
  • Official poverty measure
    • Calculated annually by the Census Bureau
    • Varies by household size and type
    • 2004 single parent with 2 children: $15,219
  • Economic self-sufficiency measure
    • Avoid serious hardship in basic needs
    • 200% of the poverty level
    • 2004 single parent with 2 children: $30,438
who is poor
Who is poor?
  • The face of poverty has changed dramatically
    • 1960: white, rural, married couple family with children, elderly
    • 2000: female-headed family or non-family in central city of metro area; children; about half racial and ethnic minorities
  • Many people have experienced poverty
    • One-third of the U.S. population has likely experienced poverty at one time
    • Only about 6% of the population are poor for longer than 3 years
who is poor in franklin county
Who is poor in Franklin County?
  • 1 in 8 residents: 136,155 in 2004
  • Most likely to be poor:
    • Female-headed families with young children (49% poverty rate)
    • Unrelated individuals (21%)
    • African Americans (27%); Hispanics (22%)
  • Least likely to be poor:
    • Married couple families (3%)
    • Persons age 65+ (9%)
    • Whites (9%); Asians (6%)
who is poor in franklin county15
Who is poor in Franklin County?
  • 76% of poor adults have at least high school diploma or GED
    • 37% have at least some college
  • 44% were employed in the past year
    • 6% full-time, year round
    • 38% part-time or part-year
  • Over 1 in 4 persons (294,166) below self-sufficiency level of 200% of poverty
reasons for changing geographic patterns
Reasons for changing geographic patterns

Out-migration of higher-income households to adjacent counties

Settlement patterns of immigrant populations with high birth rates

Shrinking white population; growing minority populations

Growth in single female-headed households with children throughout the county

Growth of the working poor population in suburban locations

hispanic or latino population 2000
Hispanic or Latino population, 2000

The poor Hispanic population increased 21-fold from 1970 to 2000, from 340 to 7,429

food stamp recipients indicator of the working poor
Food Stamp recipients: indicator of the working poor

Food Stamp Cases,

First Quarter 2007

community input changes in the low income population
Community input: changes in the low-income population

Increased cultural diversity

Increase in the number of non-traditional families

Increased isolation of low-income residents

Increased unemployment

Growing senior population

community input unmet service needs
Community input: unmet service needs

Employment services

Financial assistance

Services aimed at developing self-sufficiency

Low-income housing

Health care

Mental health services

Education

Transportation

community input barriers to accessing services
Community input: barriers to accessing services

Funding

Lack of customer-oriented service delivery

Lack of awareness of services and resources

Stigma associated with low-income population

Access to health insurance

Stretched capacities of health/mental health facilities

Legal barriers—immigrants, ex-offenders, grandparent guardians

housing firstlink referrals location
Housing FIRSTLINK Referrals: Location
  • U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development
  • Columbus Urban League
  • Interfaith Hospitality Network – YWCA
  • Friends of the Homeless
  • CMHA
  • Columbus Housing Partnership
transportation senior transportation firstlink referrals location
Transportation/Senior Transportation FIRSTLINK Referrals: Location
  • Joint Organization for Inner City Needs
  • American Red Cross
  • COTA
  • Comfort Keepers
  • Transportation Resources, Inc.
  • Friends of the Homeless
for more information
For more information

Bobbie Garber

Community Research Partners

614-224-5917 ext. 100

[email protected]

www.communityresearchpartners.org

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