Tropes. Insert creative subtitle here. (Seriously, please help me think of a creative subtitle. I like alliteration, if that helps.). Tropes of Comparison. You should know these by now, so write out your own definitions on the practice sheet. Simile Metaphor
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Insert creative subtitle here. (Seriously, please help me think of a creative subtitle. I like alliteration, if that helps.)
You should know these by now, so write out your own definitions on the practice sheet.
Ex: The rustler bragged he'd absconded with five hundred head of longhorns. Both "head" and "longhorns" are parts of cattle that represent them as wholes.
Ex: The pen is mightier than the sword. The pen is an attribute of thoughts that are written with a pen; the sword is an attribute of military action.
Ex: Your argument is sound...all sound. —Benjamin Franklin The meaning of "sound" first appears to be "solid" or "reasonable"; in its repetition, it means something very different, "all air" or "empty."
Ex: You held your breath and the door for me. —Alanis Morissette (Do y’all even know who she is? Very big in the nineties, people.)
Ex: "He carried a strobe light and the responsibility for the lives of his men."(Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried)
Ex: I always feel better after a good cry, don’t you?
Ex: He's no Fabio to look at; but then, he's no Woody Allen, either.
*Come up with a clever example of periphrasis, please, and write it out on your practice sheet. Appropriate humor encouraged, and possibly rewarded.
I bet you know these, too. In fact, give your own examples (one of each, please) on the practice sheet. (Yes, you may look up definitions if you need to.)
Personification (fancy name = prosopopoeia)
Apostrophe (no, not that thing that makes words possessive)
*Oh, now this happens all the time with celebrities and politicians (among others, of course, but it’s more fun when someone famous does it, no?), doesn’t it? Find an example and email it to me. Print or video is fine. We’ll laugh at the best ones in class.
Ex: I’ve told you a million times not to exaggerate.
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate.Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer's lease hath all too short a date.
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed;And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed.
But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st.
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
Ex: Running a marathon in under two hours is no small accomplishment.
Ex: “shrink” for psychiatrist
*I bet you can come up with three (classroom appropriate) examples. Do so on the practice sheet.
Ex: Why wouldn’t you do your homework? (Don’t answer that.)
Ex: If you be the son of God, descend from the cross —Matt. 27
Ex: The buzzing of innumerable bees.
*The first person to buzz like a bee at me tomorrow will win a fabulous prize.
Ex: Whosoever loses his life, shall find it.
Ex: ...Yet from those flamesNo light, but rather darkness visibleServed only to discover sights of woe. —Milton, Paradise Lost 1.62-64
Ex: Referring to a tall person: "Now there's a midget for you."
*On the practice sheet, give two examples of allusion from The Great Gatsby. And be ready to explain how/why Fitzgerald (or any author, for that matter) would use allusion. What’s the effect?
Ex: In Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, an anachronism is used:
Brutus: Peace! count the clock.Cassius: The clock has stricken three.Act II, scene i : lines 193 – 194
There were no clocks during Roman times, and the striking clock was not invented until 1,400 years after Caesar’s death! Silly Shakespeare.
*We teachers use anecdotes all the time.
Ex: You are what you eat.
*On the practice sheet, give an example you’ve heard a million times. (That’s hyperbole, of course.)
Ex: “One was a woman in a slim black dress, belted small under the armpits, with bulges like a cabbage in the middle of the sleeves, and a large black scoop-shovel bonnet with a black veil, and white slim ankles crossed about with black tape, and very wee black slippers, like a chisel, and she was leaning pensive on a tombstone on her right elbow, under a weeping willow…” Mark Twain
*If someone were to write your biography, what might the epigraph be? (could be a short passage from a literary work, a Bible verse, a song lyric, etc.) Write it on the practice sheet.