Reminders
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Reminders. Islam discussion question due before Chapter 14 Quiz- Friday Extra Credit (1001 Facts on Islam) due Friday. Objectives:. Analyze the origins of Islam Be able to explain the 5 pillars of the Islamic faith. Chapter 14. Islam. The Prophet Muhammad (570-632).

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Reminders

Reminders

  • Islam discussion question due before

  • Chapter 14 Quiz- Friday

  • Extra Credit (1001 Facts on Islam) due Friday


Objectives

Objectives:

  • Analyze the origins of Islam

  • Be able to explain the 5 pillars of the Islamic faith


Chapter 14

Chapter 14

Islam


The prophet muhammad 570 632

The Prophet Muhammad (570-632)

  • Muhammad is born in Mecca, married (595) and worked as a merchant.

  • He is familiar with other religions in region

  • Experiences visions from Archangel Gabriel (610), attracted followers.

The Mount Hira cave near Mecca where Muhammad was reported to have received his first revelation.


I god

I. Beliefs about God

I. God

  • Muslims believe in one God called ___________.

  • Allah is the God of Abraham.


Ii key beliefs

II. Key Beliefs

  • Believe in Moses, Noah, Jesus,

  • __________ is the last & greatest of the prophets

  • Mecca, _________, __________ are the 3 holiest cities


Reminders

Abraham’s Genealogy

HAGAR

ABRAHAM

SARAH

Ishmael

Isaac

12 Arabian Tribes

Jacob

Esau

12 Tribes of Israel


Reminders

The Prophetic Tradition

Adam

Noah

Abraham

Moses

Jesus

Muhammad


Dome of the rock

Dome of the Rock


Dome of the rock jerusalem

Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem


Iii religious practices

III. Religious Practices

“There is no God but Allah

And Muhammad

is

His prophet”

  • Five Pillars of Faith

    1. Shahada- “Profession of Faith”

    2. Daily Prayer - 5 times a day (Salat)

    3. Almsgiving- 2.5% to charity


Reminders

The Dar al-Islam

The Worldof Islam

1

2

3

4

5


Muslims pray 5 times a day

Muslims pray 5 times a day


Iii religious practices cont

III. Religious Practices (cont)

  • Fasting during Ramadan

  • Hajj- pilgrimage to Mecca


Reminders

Other Islamic Religious Practices

  • Up to four wives allowed at once.

  • No alcohol or pork.

  • No gambling.

  • Sharia body of Islamic law to regulate daily living


How did islam spread

How did Islam Spread?

  • Muhammad’s successors had a well trained army that conquered nearby regions.

  • Cross – Cultural exchanges due to trade

  • Sufi’s ( Islamic Missionaries)


Map showing muslim countries

Map showing Muslim Countries


Reminders

List and briefly explain the 5 Pillars of Faith.


What factors allowed islam to spread and become the 2 nd largest world religion

What factors allowed Islam to spread and become the 2nd largest world religion?

  • Work of the Sufis

  • Conquest of the early Islamic Empire ( Umayyad & Abbasids)

  • Trade Routes ( Indian Ocean Trade, Trans-Saharan, & Silk Road)


In what ways has islam impacted our world today

In what ways has Islam impacted our world today?

  • 2nd largest religion in the world

  • Tension- between Jews/ Muslims Christians

  • Radicals have used Islam to commit terrorists acts


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