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Latin American Panel 13-14 September, 2010 Lima, Per ú GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM SHIPPING. Peter M. Swift. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Shipping. Key Dates UNFCCC and IMO Programmes Market Based Mechanisms Industry Initiatives
Peter M. Swift
UNFCCC = United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Selected Key Dates
12/2009 UNFCCC COP15 Meeting, Copenhagen
3/2010 IMO MEPC 60
2010 IMO MBM-Expert Group
IMO MEPC Intersessional (EEDI)
2010 UNFCC Interim meetings
9/2010 IMO MEPC 61
10/2010 INTERTANKO Council Meeting
11/2010 UNFCCC COP16 Meeting, Cancun
2010-2011 EU Council/Commission meetings
5/2011 INTERTANKO Council Meeting
7/2011 IMO MEPC 62
12/2011 EU Deadline for IMO/International Agreement
2012 Kyoto Protocol expires
What was the outcome ?
BUT in subsequent discussions:
Shipping is “expected” to make its “contribution” to Climate Change measures with $$$$ (UNFCCC et al)
International Aviation and Shipping should be regulated via UNFCCC and have targets as per other industries
EEDI for new ships (Mandatory)
SEEMP (Mandatory) & EEOI (Voluntary) for all ships
and, if possible/needed:
Market Based Measures for shipping
“No More Favourable Treatment”
Kyoto Protocol principle:
“Common But Differentiated Responsibility”
To improve the text for mandatory requirements of EEDI and SEEMP in terms of:
To develop various guidelines:
Group of MBM schemes which would require all ships to pay a contribution:
1. International Fund for Greenhouse Gas emissions from ships – suggested by Denmark and supported in principle by Cyprus, Marshall Islands and Nigeria
2. Global Emission Trading System for International Shipping, as proposed by Norway, France and Germany with general support from the UK
Group of MBM schemes which provide rewards to more energy efficient ships:
3. Leveraged Incentive Scheme based on the International GHG Fund - proposed by Japan.
4. Trading with Efficiency Credits based on Efficiency Standards for All Ships - proposed by the USA.
5. Vessel Efficiency System - proposed by the World Shipping Council.
Some are in sector, i.e. shipping only; others are out of sector
ETS or other MBM
Offset (out of sector)
Offsetting (in sector & out sector)
Funds to UNFCCC
- what is achievable ?
Virtual Arrival is all about managing time and managing speed.
It’s not about blanket speed reduction to match current market conditions.
Virtual arrival is about identifying delays at discharging ports, then managing the vessel’s arrival time at that port/terminal through well managed passage speed, resulting in reduced emissions but not reducing capacity.
Support in principle for:
Regulation/legislation of GHG emission reductions to be coordinated through the IMO and to be flag neutral; i.e. applicable to ALL ships
Market Based Instruments:
Do we need an MBM for Shipping ?
For more information, please visit:
London, Oslo. Washington, Singapore and Brussels
US EEDI (EIr)
Efficiency Credit = (EIr – EIa) x Activity
Efficient Credit >0 = Sells Credits
Efficient Credit < 0 = Buys Credits
Existing hip (EIa)
New ship IMO EEDI (US EIa)
Req. EEDI 1
Req. EEDI 2
Req. EEDI 3
Electronic engine control
Waste heat recovery
Air cavity lubrication
Fuels cells as auxiliary engines
Exhaust gas boilers on auxiliary engines
Energy efficient light systems
Wind power – kite
Wind power – fixed sails or wings
Steam plant operational improvements
Speed reduction due to port efficiency
Speed reduction due to fleet increase
Propulsion efficiency devices
Reduced auxiliary power usagePossible Abatement Measures