Achieving Universal Access to Modern Energy in the East Asia and Pacific Region. NPT , Myanmar May 23 , 2013 Dr. Dejan Ostojic , Sector Leader, Energy East Asia and Pacific Region The World Bank Report funded by AusAID. Access to Modern Energy: Where Do We Stand?.
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Achieving Universal Access to Modern Energy
in the East Asia and Pacific Region
May 23, 2013
Sector Leader, Energy
East Asia and Pacific Region
The World Bank
Report funded by AusAID
Many EAP countries have achieved substantial progress over the last decade.
Universal access to electricity by 2030 is within reach of EAP countries
… but low access countries have a steep path to universal access.
Three countries categories of electricity access: low, medium and high.
Access rates are not always correlated to poverty levels, e.g. Lao PDR.
Access to modern cooking fuels remains low, even in countries with high access rates to electricity (China, Thailand).
Populations without access to modern cooking fuel are much higher that for electricity.
A major breakthrough is needed to provide universal access to modern cooking fuels (LPG/bio-gas, kerosene, electricity) and advanced cooking stoves
… but prolonged dependence on solid fuels is a major barrier to achieving the MDGs.
EAP countries have to work on two paths to improve access to modern energy
… but both paths are much more challenging in rural areas.
Investment needs by 2030:
- Business-As-Usual: $30 billion
- Universal Access Scenario: $56 billion
Incremental needs for universal access:
- $24 billion for rural areas ($19.7 billion grid and $4.2 billion off-grid)
- $2 billion in urban areas.