Achieving
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Achieving Universal Access to Modern Energy in the East Asia and Pacific Region PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Achieving Universal Access to Modern Energy in the East Asia and Pacific Region. NPT , Myanmar May 23 , 2013 Dr. Dejan Ostojic , Sector Leader, Energy East Asia and Pacific Region The World Bank Report funded by AusAID. Access to Modern Energy: Where Do We Stand?.

Download Presentation

Achieving Universal Access to Modern Energy in the East Asia and Pacific Region

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Achieving universal access to modern energy in the east asia and pacific region

Achieving Universal Access to Modern Energy

in the East Asia and Pacific Region

NPT, Myanmar

May 23, 2013

Dr. DejanOstojic,

Sector Leader, Energy

East Asia and Pacific Region

The World Bank

Report funded by AusAID


Access to modern energy where do we stand

Access to Modern Energy: Where Do We Stand?


Electrification and economic development

Electrification and Economic Development

Many EAP countries have achieved substantial progress over the last decade.

Universal access to electricity by 2030 is within reach of EAP countries

… but low access countries have a steep path to universal access.


Electrification and social development

Electrification and Social Development

Three countries categories of electricity access: low, medium and high.

Access rates are not always correlated to poverty levels, e.g. Lao PDR.


Access to modern cooking fuels

Access to Modern Cooking Fuels

Access to modern cooking fuels remains low, even in countries with high access rates to electricity (China, Thailand).

Populations without access to modern cooking fuel are much higher that for electricity.


Access to modern cooking fuels and health

Access to Modern Cooking Fuels and Health

A major breakthrough is needed to provide universal access to modern cooking fuels (LPG/bio-gas, kerosene, electricity) and advanced cooking stoves

… but prolonged dependence on solid fuels is a major barrier to achieving the MDGs.


A vast urban rural divide in energy access

A Vast Urban-Rural Divide in Energy Access

EAP countries have to work on two paths to improve access to modern energy

… but both paths are much more challenging in rural areas.


Reaching universal access to electricity

Reaching Universal Access to Electricity


The path forward for electrification

The Path Forward for Electrification


Delivering results on the ground key principles

Delivering Results on the Ground: Key Principles

  • Ensure Sustained Government Commitment

  • Implement Effective and Enabling Policy Framework:

  • 3. Push for Accountability and Results


Delivering results on the ground key principles1

Delivering Results on the Ground: Key Principles

  • Ensure Sustained Government Commitment:

    • Long-term commitment at the national level

    • Establish credible time-bound targets

    • Ensure transparency and accountability

    • Facilitate links with other sectors

    • Coordinate with local governments

    • Promote income-generating activities and productive use of electricity

  • Implement Effective and Enabling Policy Framework:

    • Cost effectiveness: least cost management of boundary between grid and off-grid with the objective to deliver a well defined level of service (not specific technology)

    • Affordability – to consumers, to service providers, and to subsidy provider(s)

    • Consumer focus and timing of electrification – do not underestimate willingness to pay for good service.


Delivering results on the ground key principles2

Delivering Results on the Ground: Key Principles

  • Push for Accountability and Results:

    • Designate entity(ies) with clear responsibility for grid-based and off-grid electrification

    • Adopt appropriate technical codes and service standards

    • Make service providers accountable to consumers for quality of service

    • Monitor cost achieved by service providers

  • Program Financing:

  • Develop financial framework using both internal and external sources

  • Use explicit and well targeted subsidies to ensure:

    • affordability to consumers

    • financial viability of the service provider

    • affordability to the budget

  • Develop “bankable” sector-wide and programmatic approach (“Sector-Wide Prospectus”) offering multiple points of entryfor donors and private sector.


Two scenarios for electricity access

Two Scenarios for Electricity Access

  • Business-As-Usual: electricity access grows at the same average annual rate as in the last decade.

    • 21 million households (about 100 million people) remain without access by 2030

  • Universal Access Scenario: all households gain access by 2030.


Investment needs for electricity access

Investment Needs for Electricity Access

Investment needs by 2030:

- Business-As-Usual: $30 billion

- Universal Access Scenario: $56 billion

Incremental needs for universal access:

- $24 billion for rural areas ($19.7 billion grid and $4.2 billion off-grid)

- $2 billion in urban areas.


Myanmar towards universal access to modern energy

Myanmar: Towards Universal Access to Modern Energy


Electrification agenda

Electrification Agenda

  • Key challenges:

    • • Ensure adequate and competitive generation supply to keep the pace with population and economic growth.

    • • Extend electricity to over 40 million people (about 8 million households) of which 70 percent are in rural areas

    • • Improve financial health of power enterprises (MEPE, YESB, ESE) to ensure steady and rapid increase in electricity access.

    • Promote the use of renewable energy resources and technical innovations to reduce costs, improve reliability, and provide timely service to all households


Key messages

Key Messages

  • Access to modern energy, both electrification and clean cooking fuels, is essential for the achievement of MDGs and eradication of poverty, but the electrification is an immediate priority for economic and social development in Myanmar

  • The Goal of Universal Access to Electricity by 2030 is affordable – but it requires sustained government’s commitment, re-focusing of sector policies, and significant financial support from donors

  • The National Electrification Program (NEP) should embrace both grid and off-grid solutions, including appropriate policies and technical innovations to reduce costs, improve reliability, and provide timely service to all households.

  • The World Bank Group will support NEP , both financial support for investments and technical assistance for institutional development will be available to Myanmar for the implementation of NEP


  • Login