Chapter 23: . Medicines and Drugs. By: Savannah Heavrin & Sarah Matthews. Indiana State Standards. 10.1 The Role of Medicine 10.2 Drug use-A High Risk Behavior 10.3 Marijuana, Inhalants, and Steroids 10.4 Psychoactive Drugs 10.5 Living Drug Free. The Role of Medicines. Lesson 1.
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Medicines and Drugs
By: Savannah Heavrin & Sarah Matthews
10.1 The Role of Medicine
10.2 Drug use-A High Risk Behavior
10.3 Marijuana, Inhalants, and Steroids
10.4 Psychoactive Drugs
10.5 Living Drug Free
Marijuana and it\'s Addiction
Mental, Emotional, and Physical Consequences
Steroids and there Consequences
Anabolic-androgenic steroids are synthetic substances that are simular to the male sex hormone testosterone.
Steroids are only good when used under a doctors guidance. Medicine with steroids in them are mixed with other drugs to dilute the harmful ingenious.
Use of steroids isn’t only bad for your body, it have mental and social consequences also. The use of steroids can effect friendships and school work. And if you get caught you will be going to jail.
Classification of Psychoactive Drugs
The four main psychoactive drugs are:
Psychoactive drugs are chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in the brain.
Examples of stimulants:
*Cocaine-a rapid acting, powerful, highly addictive drug that interrupts normal functioning of the central nervous system. It gives you euphoria, which is a feeling of intense well being or elation.
*Crack-a more dangerous form of crack. It is one of the most deadly drugs. Other names would be crack cocaine, rock, or freebase rock.
*Amphetamines-a drug used in prescription med.s to reduce fatigue, drowsiness and to suppress the appetite. People use it illegally to stay awake, improve their performance, and lose weight.
Health Risks of Depressants
Depressants, or sedatives, are drugs that tend to slow down the central nervous system. Depressants drugs relax muscles, relieve feelings of tension and worry, and cause drowsiness. They can be dangerous because they slow the heart rate, lower blood pressure to dangerous levels, and interrupt the normal rate of breathing.
Rohypnol this depressant which is ten times as strong as tranquilizers, is better known as the date rape drug, used in crimes of violence.
GHB is like Rohypnal, but is available as a clear liquid, a white powder, and in variety of tablets.
Barbiturates belong to a family of sedative-hypnotic drugs, or drugs that induce sleepiness. Barbiturate use can result in mood changes, sleeping more than normal, and coma.
Tranquilizersare depressants that reduce muscular activity. They are prescribed to relieve anxiety, muscle spasms, sleepiness, and nervousness.
*Methamphetamine-(meth) a drug used in treating certain diseases. It is used at parties or night clubs to get high and have fun. When use it may provide a short term feeling of euphoria, but the after results are depression, paranoia, damage to the central nervous system, increased heart rate and blood pressure, and damage to the brain. It may also cause death.
Stimulants are drugs that speed up the central nervous system
Hallucinogensare drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing smell, and touch. These drugs have no medical use.
PCP is considered one of the most dangerous of all drugs, and its effects vary greatly from user to user. Users report distorted sense of time and space.
LSDis an extremely strong hallucinogen. Even a tiny amount can cause hallucinogens and severe distorted perceptions of sound and color.
Consequences of drug use
Illegal drugs and other substances play a role in unsafe situations and negative consequences, including health, addictions, and difficulties in school.
Ketamineis anesthetic used for medical purposes, mostly in treating animals. Misused as a club drug, ketamine is often sold as a white powder to be snorted, like cocaine, or injected.
Ecstasy and other Dangerous Drugs
Designer drugs are synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of hallucingens and other dangerous drugs. Designer drugs vary greatly in potency and strength and can be several hundred times more stronger than the drugs they are meant to imitate.
For the most serious addictions, drug users attend treatment centers, that provide medical supervission while a person goes through withdrawl. Many of these centers provide medications to help with the physical and psychological effects of withdrawal.
Resisting Pressure use Drugs
Peer pressure can be intense during the teen years.
Drug abuse is a treatable condition. Support groups, counseling services, and treatment centers are available in most communities.