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Elements of the Short Story. English I. There are six main elements. Setting Plot Conflict Character Point-of-view Theme. Setting is…. The definition of setting is:. In “A Sound of Thunder”…. The time and place in which a story takes place. 60 million B.C. (time) rainforest (place).

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There are six main elements
There are six main elements.

  • Setting

  • Plot

  • Conflict

  • Character

  • Point-of-view

  • Theme


Setting is
Setting is…

The definition of setting is:

In “A Sound of Thunder”…

  • The time and place in which a story takes place.

60 million B.C. (time) rainforest (place)


Aspects of a story s setting
Aspects of a story’s setting:

Place

Time

Weather/season

Mood/atmosphere

Social conditions—what daily life is like


Plot is
Plot is…

The definition of plot is…

In “Harrison Bergeron”…

  • The action

  • What happens

  • The sequence

    of events

Harrison escapes.

He removes his handicaps.

He selects his “empress.”

He is shot and killed by Diana Moon Glampers.


Plot s five essential parts
Plot’s five essential parts

Exposition

Rising action

Climax

Falling action

Resolution (denouement)


Exposition
Exposition

The exposition is the beginning of the story where characters and setting are revealed.


Rising action
Rising Action

The rising action reveals the events, complications, and conflict that will drive the story along.


Climax
Climax

The climax is the highest point of interest.

It can also be considered the turning point.


Falling action
Falling Action

The falling action includes the events, complications, and conflict that are beginning to be resolved.


Resolution
Resolution

The resolution is also known as denouement. (day-noo-mon)

The resolution is the final outcome.


Conflict is
Conflict is…

The definition of conflict is:

In “A Sound of Thunder”…

  • The struggle between forces.

  • Conflict is essential to plot.

  • man vs. nature

  • man vs. man


External and internal conflict
External and Internal Conflict

External Conflict

Internal Conflict

  • External conflict is a struggle with a force outside of oneself.

  • man v. man

  • man v. society

  • man v. nature

  • man v. circumstances

  • Internal conflict is a struggle within oneself.

    • Making a decision

    • Overcoming pain

    • Quieting a temper

    • Resisting an urge

  • man v. self


Point of view
Point-of-View

Point-of-view (POV) is the angle from which the story is told.


Types of pov
Types of POV

First person POV

For example…

  • The narrator is a main character.

  • The narrator uses these pronouns: I, me, mine.

  • “Harrison Bergeron” is told from the first person point-of-view.


Types of pov1
Types of POV

Third person limited POV

Third person omniscient POV

  • The narrator is NOT in the story.

  • The narrator uses these pronouns: he, she, they.

  • The narrator has limited knowledge of the characters’ thoughts.

  • The narrator is NOT in the story.

  • The narrator uses these pronouns: he, she, they.

  • The narrator has complete knowledge of characters’ thoughts.


Characters are
Characters are…

The definition of character is:

In “A Sound of Thunder”…

  • A character is a work of fiction.

  • Character can also mean the characteristics of a person.

Travis, Eckels, Lesperance


Protagonists and antagonists
Protagonists and Antagonists

A protagonist is:

An antagonist is:

  • The central character

  • Who is the protagonist in “Harrison Bergeron”? How about Harry Potter?

  • The opposer of the main character

  • Who is the antagonist in “Harrison Bergeron”? How about Harry Potter?


Elements of characterization
Elements of characterization

What they look like

What they say, think, feel, dream

What they do

What others say and do in reaction to them


Static and dynamic characters
Static and Dynamic Characters

A static character:

A dynamic character:

  • A static character is a character that stays the same throughout the story.

  • A dynamic character changes in some fashion in the story or by the end of the story.


Theme is
Theme is…

The definition of theme is:

The theme is NOT:

  • The theme is the underlying meaning, message, or moral of the story.

  • Themes are often universal.

  • The theme is NOT the plot (the what-happens) of the story.


Common themes
Common Themes…

Friendship/Love/Trust/What happens when you’re bad/evil/good/greedy—remember, it’s a lesson that the character (and the reader) learns.

Love is blind.

Be careful what you wish for.

Don’t judge a book by its cover.

Things aren’t always as they seem.


Symbolism is
Symbolism is…

Symbolism is the use of symbols in a story.

A symbol is usually a tangible (touch-able) item that stands for something that is intangible (not touch-able).


Symbols can also be
Symbols can also be…

Symbols can also be colors.


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