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The Pilot Project on Aquaculture Development in Ethiopia:- Bridging the gap of fish seed demand through hatchery establishment and village based extension approach. Hussein Abegaz Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 14 April, 2009, Kampala. Background. 1. Ethiopia

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Hussein abegaz ministry of agriculture and rural development 14 april 2009 kampala

The Pilot Project on Aquaculture Development in Ethiopia:- Bridging the gap of fish seed demand through hatchery establishment and village based extension approach

Hussein Abegaz

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

14 April, 2009, Kampala


Background

Background

1. Ethiopia

  • Population 77 million with 2.9% growth rate

  • Area 1.14 million Km2

  • Its altitude ranges -126 m to 4620 m

  • It is a land locked country (inland fisheries)

  • It is economy is mainly based on agriculture

  • In most cases highlands dominate mixed farming system.


2 aquaculture development potential

2. Aquaculture Development Potential

  • The aquaculture activities increased in the country

  • The contribution of fisheries aquaculture for food security recognized by federal and local regional policy makers

  • Available favorable agro-ecology, abundant seasonal rainfall and several small water bodies

  • The abundance and fast increment the number of SWB due to irrigation agriculture intensification which can be for fishery and aquaculture resources.


3 government plans for aquaculture development

3. Government Plans for Aquaculture Development

  • Endorsed NADSE

  • Strengthening existing fish stocking program,

  • Developing farmers-based demonstration fish ponds and fish culture centres for breeding and distribution of fingerlings,

  • Training of fish farm technicians,

  • Intensify fish farming by effective extension support for fish farmers,

  • Encourage the private sector for development of commercial aquaculture.


A formulated the strategy nadse

a. Formulated the Strategy-NADSE

  • NADSE formulation took a total 7 weeks starting from 22, March 2009,

  • NADSE Working group members:

    • 2 FAO consultants,

    • 2 national consultants and

    • 6 Ethiopian professionals


B the strategy out put

b. The strategy out put

Immediate out put;

  • Provided the general guidelines for the rational and sustainable development and expansion of the aquaculture sub-sector,

  • Short and medium action plan prepared and,

  • National aquaculture pilot project prepared and will be presenting below.


3 small scale aquaculture practice

3. Small Scale Aquaculture practice

  • Above 200 farmer are exercised fish farming in their fish ponds at different regional Governments,

  • Operation of Stocking in to SWB is very active (>30 SWB stocked last 2 years)


4 aquaculture investment

4. Aquaculture investment

  • 27 investors received license (in the last three years)

    Among those:

  • Ethio-Fisheries Plc:- in aquaculture, near Lake Abaya ( it has established modern fish processing plant),

    • Vittorio Viezzt Carlo Talaric Plc:- Fish Farming near Lake Chamo,

    • MIDGE 2000 Plc:- Cage Culture in Lake Tana,

    • Ashraf Industrial Groups:- Cage Culture in Lake Tana,

    • Trout fish farm PLC and,

    • Lobster farm PLC


5 the pilot project

5. The pilot project

General objective

  • To enhance contribution of fisheries and aquaculture to food security and rural development

    Specific objectives

  • To demonstrate and assess the feasibility of small scale integrated fish farming technologies at selected sites,

  • To establish model fish hatchery facilities,

  • To integrate fish farming with agriculture,

  • To test cluster/village based fish farming extension approach, and

  • To achieve the MDG’s target of food security.


5 1 project components

5.1 Project components

1) Aquaculture Extension/Outreach

  • Develop Aquaculture extension system

  • Establish Fish Hatchery system

    Purpose

  • To accelerate aquaculture development through creating a dependable aquaculture input delivery services.


Major activities

Major Activities

  • Develop Aquaculture extension system,

  • Improve Fish production, handling and marketing,

  • Develop aquaculture extension package and materials,

  • Formation of model farmers group (village based fish farming groups),

  • Establishing aquaculture facilities/fingerling production facilities at four regional states,


Cont d

…. cont’d

  • Promoting private sector participation,

  • Improving handling and transportation of fingerlings,

  • Organizing fish farmers into cooperative society,

  • Conduct socio-economic and market studies,

  • Bio-economic modeling of aquaculture productions and,

  • Preparation of guidelines on aquaculture development.


2 develop small water bodies fishery through aquaculture

2) Develop small water bodies fishery through aquaculture

Purpose

  • Improve local capacity to construct and manage small water bodies for improved fish production, crop irrigation and animal husbandry.

    Activities

  • Inventory of SWB

  • Identification and selection of fishing gears and seasons for SWB,

  • Stocking of SWB

  • Establish local community SWB management entities

  • Screen different management plans for SWB

  • Build capacity.


6 cultured fish species

6. Cultured fish species

Cultured local fish species

  • Tilapia Nilotica,

  • Tilapia Zilli and,

  • Carp (common and grass carp)


7 beneficiaries and impact

7.Beneficiaries and impact

  • Small holder fish farmers,

  • Private investors,

  • Traders (input and out put )

  • Governments,

  • Consumers,

  • Researchers,

  • Development workers,

  • Students

  • High learning institutions etc…


7 implementation

7. Implementation

  • 4 Regional Governments,

  • 3 Districts per region,

  • 3 Villages in clusters approach each district,

  • 30 Farmers per village, of them 5 are women HH,

  • 1080 model farmers will be participating in the demonstration.


8 major output

8. Major Output

  • Aquaculture extension package and materials will be produced,

  • Effective access to aquaculture inputs and opened up,

  • Capacity building; Such as production /collection and distribution of fry/fingerlings established,

  • Target groups for fish farming identified and supported,

  • Private sectors motivated and involved in aquaculture activities.


9 budget and duration

9. Budget and Duration

  • The total USD 2,672,250,

  • 80 % of total project cost goes for hatchery establishment.

  • Duration: 2 years


Farmer pond

Farmer pond

Pictures of Current aquaculture practice


Integrated with horticulture

Integrated with horticulture


Integration with rice

Integration with Rice


Integration with chicken

Integration with chicken


Farmer s pond

Farmer’s pond


Fish seed collection from wild

Fish seed collection from wild


Hussein abegaz ministry of agriculture and rural development 14 april 2009 kampala

Thank you!!!


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