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Foreign Policy YAY!!!!!

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Essential Question: How did geography play a factor in the shaping of the U.S. foreign policy under the first five presidents?. Foreign Policy YAY!!!!!. President Washington Creates a Foreign Policy. With your partner read 12.2 President Washington knew the U.S. was not prepared for war

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slide1

Essential Question: How did geography play a factor in the shaping of the U.S. foreign policy under the first five presidents?

Foreign Policy

YAY!!!!!

president washington creates a foreign policy
President Washington Creates a Foreign Policy
  • With your partner read 12.2
  • President Washington knew the U.S. was not prepared for war
  • Established a policy of isolationism
  • Isolationism states that America should avoid alliances with other countries
dilemma 1 what should president adams do to protect american ships
Dilemma 1: What should President Adams Do to Protect American Ships?
  • Look at the Transparency
  • What do you see?
  • How would you describe the figure in the center?
  • What do you think he is saying?
  • How would you describe the people on the left?
  • What threat to the U.S. might this image portray?
  • Now Read Section 12.3
the jay treaty
The Jay Treaty
  • Since Britain refuses to leave forts, the U.S. prepares for war
  • U.S. sends John Jay to Britain and Jay Treaty is signed to prevent war- Britain leaves the forts
  • The French are mad- begin attacking U.S. ships headed for Britain
slide7

The XYZ Affair

  • The U.S. sent three people to France to work on a peace settlement.
  • The three French officials, who became known as X, Y, and Z, demanded tribute for France.
  • Angered and insulted, the Americans refused.

"Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute."

read 12 4
Read 12.4
  • On your reading notes write down Adams’s solution to the dilemma
solution to dilemma 1
Solution to Dilemma 1
  • Even though Adams was a Federalist, he did not want war with France
  • Napoleon agreed to end the French alliance with the United States
  • The US agreed not to force France to pay for ships the French has seized
  • Because of Adams’ actions, he lost the election of 1800 and it weakened the Federalist Party because he promoted peace
dilemma 2 how should president jefferson deal with pirates
Dilemma 2: How should President Jefferson Deal with Pirates?
  • Look at Transparency
  • Why might the Mediterranean be important to the U.S.?
  • What does the skull and crossbones represent?
  • Do you think the presence of pirates in the Mediterranean present a danger to the US?
  • Now Read Section 12.5
slide13

• Britain continued its’ impressment of U.S. sailors.

Between 1808 and 1811 over 6,000 Americans were impressed by the British.

slide14

One cause of the War of 1812 was the British disregard of American shipping rights. British ships frequently stopped American ships, confiscated their cargo, and impressed (captured) crew members, claiming they were deserters from Britain’s Royal Navy.

read 12 6
Read 12.6
  • On your reading notes write down Jefferson’s solution to the dilemma
solution to dilemma 2
Solution to Dilemma 2
  • Jefferson decided to send a small fleet to the Mediterranean to protect American shipping
  • Stephen Decatur led a raid to burn the Philadelphia so that the Tripolitans could not use it
  • Tripoli’s leaders agreed to stop demanding tribute payments if the U.S. paid a $60,000 ransom for the sailors of the Philadelphia
  • Pirates from other Barbary states continued to attack U.S. vessels until 1815, when the U.S. joined European countries in attacks that destroyed the pirates’ bases
slide19

I know what to do! If we don’t allow American ships to trade withanyone, then they won’t get attacked!

True, but that’s not what I had in mind!

Mr. President, the British and French keep seizing American merchant ships. Something must be done!

President Thomas Jefferson

American merchant

slide20

Embargo Act (1807)

• The Embargo Act banned U.S. ships from trading with any country.

  • All imports and exports were banned!

• This hurt the U.S. economy! Many lost jobs.

Embargo Act Repealed (1809)

• Trade with all nations was allowed except Britain or France.

slide21

The Embargo Act of 1813 is personified by a huge terrapin, who seizes a smuggler by the pants. The cartoon was aimed at the people of New England, who, allegedly, were supplying the British with provisions.

dilemma 3 what should president madison do to protect sailors and settlers
Dilemma 3: What should President Madison Do to Protect Sailors and Settlers?
  • Look at the Transparency
  • What do you see?
  • What is the name of the song?
  • Based on the words of the song, what might impressment mean?
  • Now Read Section 12.7
dilemma 3
Dilemma 3
  • Madison offers France and Britain a deal. If you stop attacking our ships, we will stop trading with your enemy.
  • France accepts (kind of), Britain continues attacking American ships.
  • North feared war with Britain would lead to blockade.
  • Southern and Western states and territories favored war because they blamed the British for causing trouble with the Native Americans.
  • Battle of Tippecanoe Creek, fought between militia and Natives. Natives used British weapons.
  • Some “War Hawks” wanted go to war and push the British out of Canada and add it to the United States.
read 12 8
Read 12.8
  • On your reading notes write down Madison’s solution to the dilemma
solution to dilemma 3
Solution to Dilemma 3
  • Madison requested a Declaration of War against Great Britain-Congress approved it July 17, 1812
  • Only had 7,000 soldiers and 16 navy ships
  • The U.S. failed each time it invaded Canada
  • Tecumseh was killed, and the threat of a powerful Indian nation disappeared
  • 1814, British invaded Washington DC and destroyed the White House
slide29

The British built a huge bonfire out of the furniture taken from the White House. President Madison and his wife, Dolly, barely had time to get out of the city.

solution to dilemma 31
Solution to Dilemma 3
  • Fort McHenry in Baltimore\'s harbor was attacked.
  • Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star Spangled Banner”
  • U.S. troops, led by Andrew Jackson, defeated the British in the battle of New Orleans.
  • Impressive victory but happened after the peace treaty with Britain was signed
slide31

Causes of the War of 1812

Great Britain

• In 1803, Britain and France went to war again.

• Both countries seized U.S. ships sailing towards the ports of their enemy.

France

slide33

In the War of 1812, the U.S. cap-tured and burned the Canadian city of York. Find York on the map.

slide34

In return, the British marched on Washington D.C. They burned the White House, the Capitol, and other buildings.

slide35

The British next moved to take Ft. McHenry near Baltimore, MD. They bombarded the fort with cannonballs fired from land and nearby ships.

results of war
Results of War
  • Neither Britain nor United States really won the War of 1812, but both sides claimed victory
  • Ship seizure and impressment faded away
  • Indian resistance in the Northwest weakened
  • National pride in the United States surged
  • The War of 1812 was considered “the second war of independence”
political effects of the war
Political Effects of the War
  • Federalist party badly damaged-party never recovered
  • Two of the war heroes would later be elected as presidents-Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison
dilemma 4 what should president monroe do to support the new latin american nations
Dilemma 4: What should President Monroe Do to Support the New Latin American Nations?
  • Look at the Transparency
  • What do you see?
  • Based on this map, what was happening in Latin America in the early 1800’s?
  • How might the U.S. view the independence movements in Latin America?
  • Now Read Section 12.9
dilemma 4 notes
Dilemma 4 Notes
  • From Mexico to the tip of South America, colonial peoples were rising in revolt against Spain
  • 1821, Mexico wins independence
  • By 1825, Spanish driven out of South America
  • Some European leaders wanted to help Spain get back their former colonies
  • Britain wanted the U.S. to join with them in telling Europe to leave Latin America alone.
  • Monroe asks former Presidents Jefferson and Madison for advice.
solution to dilemma 4
Solution to Dilemma 4
  • Monroe asks former Presidents Jefferson and Madison for advice. Both like the idea of joining with Britain to send a warning.
  • John Quincy Adams, the Secretary of State, urged Monroe to speak boldly by itself (without Britain).
  • Monroe Agreed
  • Monroe Doctrine: Latin American Nations are to be left alone and any interference by Europe would be viewed as a threat to U.S. peace and safety.
  • By its boldness the Monroe Doctrine told the world that the U.S. was no longer a weak collection of states, but was now a strong nation.
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