Essential Question: How did geography play a factor in the shaping of the U.S. foreign policy under the first five presidents?. Foreign Policy YAY!!!!!. President Washington Creates a Foreign Policy. With your partner read 12.2 President Washington knew the U.S. was not prepared for war
Essential Question: How did geography play a factor in the shaping of the U.S. foreign policy under the first five presidents?
"Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute."
Between 1808 and 1811 over 6,000 Americans were impressed by the British.
One cause of the War of 1812 was the British disregard of American shipping rights. British ships frequently stopped American ships, confiscated their cargo, and impressed (captured) crew members, claiming they were deserters from Britain’s Royal Navy.
I know what to do! If we don’t allow American ships to trade withanyone, then they won’t get attacked!
True, but that’s not what I had in mind!
Mr. President, the British and French keep seizing American merchant ships. Something must be done!
President Thomas Jefferson
• The Embargo Act banned U.S. ships from trading with any country.
• This hurt the U.S. economy! Many lost jobs.
Embargo Act Repealed (1809)
• Trade with all nations was allowed except Britain or France.
The Embargo Act of 1813 is personified by a huge terrapin, who seizes a smuggler by the pants. The cartoon was aimed at the people of New England, who, allegedly, were supplying the British with provisions.
The British built a huge bonfire out of the furniture taken from the White House. President Madison and his wife, Dolly, barely had time to get out of the city.
• In 1803, Britain and France went to war again.
• Both countries seized U.S. ships sailing towards the ports of their enemy.
In the War of 1812, the U.S. cap-tured and burned the Canadian city of York. Find York on the map.
In return, the British marched on Washington D.C. They burned the White House, the Capitol, and other buildings.
The British next moved to take Ft. McHenry near Baltimore, MD. They bombarded the fort with cannonballs fired from land and nearby ships.
LEQ- What did President Monroe do to support the new Latin American nations?