The Enlightenment. Important terms. Absolutism: A system of government in which a monarch is the only source of power Common good: An effort by individuals to work together for the benefit of all
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In this corner: John Locke: Believing that people have natural rights and that before society was organized people lived in a state of equality and freedom
And in this corner: Thomas Hobbes: Believing that people entered into a social contract and agreed to form a state; this state would then be governed by an absolute ruler in order to keep peace and preserve order