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Pacific Islands Overview. Dr Vili Nosa Ms Stephanie Erick. Oceania Tobacco Control Pre-Conference 2011 Brisbane Convention Centre , Australia Monday 17th October 2011. Our Future Health and Wealth.

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pacific islands overview

Pacific Islands Overview

Dr ViliNosa

Ms Stephanie Erick

Oceania Tobacco Control Pre-Conference 2011

Brisbane Convention Centre, Australia

Monday 17th October 2011

our future health and wealth
Our Future Health and Wealth
  • Obesity and Tobacco use are two most preventable threats to the health (and wealth) of Pacific nations
  • Both contribute to NCDs – the largest premature cause of death, disease and disability in the region
  • Smoking young increases likelihood of lifetime use – (Pacific populations are very young)
  • The fight against big tobacco is not over yet
  • Smokefree environments in homes, workplaces, villages still the aim
tobacco use in nz
Tobacco Use in NZ
  • Single largest preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in NZ, declining
  • Attributable Burden of Disease in PICTs?
  • 5,000 deaths per year attributable to tobacco
  • 1/3 Pacific adults (31%) ‘current’ smokers
  • 1/5 young adults (15-19 years) are current smokers
  • Rate of decline among Pacific people slowest in NZ
  • Overall climate for tobacco control is very good
interventions
Interventions
  • FCTC ratified by most PICTs, legislation developed
  • Compliance and consequences critical
  • Various initiatives at local and national levels; impact ?
  • Increased taxes (and bans on advertising) are effective
  • Importance of regional/global actions
tobacco control initiatives in niue
Tobacco control initiatives in Niue
  • Very doable in terms of small population and country size.
  • Need to establish what is going on in terms of tobacco initiatives.
  • Political support you need a champion to push tobacco control progress.
  • Engaging with tobacco control people at the community level.
  • Develop a Tobacco control plan. i.e community consultation.
  • Resource support.
summary
Summary
  • Youth tobacco use high/very high in the region, no evidence of decline
  • Declining use in NZ Pacific adults and young people but prevalence remains high – priorities known
  • In general, tobacco use higher in girls than boys in NZ, reverse in the region, with few exceptions
  • Improving precision of data with STEPS surveys etc but effective action is now crucial
  • Regional Action Plan focus on Youth and interventions involving NZ and ‘home islands’?
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