Intro to construction
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Intro to Construction. Identify & define typical wall parts. Objectives. Identify careers associated with construction. Determine amount of materials needed. Determine cost of materials needed. Correctly layout plates for a wall to plan. Safely cut part to size.

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Intro to Construction

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Intro to construction

Intro to Construction

  • Identify& define typical wall parts

Objectives

  • Identify careers associated with construction

  • Determine amount of materials needed

  • Determine cost of materials needed

  • Correctly layout plates for a wall to plan

  • Safely cut part to size

  • Demonstrate ability to construct wall(s) to plans

  • Layout & construct a window opening


Intro to construction

Double

Top plate

Cripple

Stud

Header

Trimmer

stud

Stud

Sill

Bottom

plate

Cripple

Stud


Intro to construction

Wall Parts terms

A. Stud-

a vertical framing member

16” or 24” oc

B. Trimmer Stud-

supports header over door or window

does not extend all the way from bottom to top plate

A. Cripple Stud-


Intro to construction

Wall Parts terms

D. Bottom plate-

Horizontal framing member used to tie together studs (sole plate)

E. Double top Plate-

Ties together studs, distributes structural load & adds strength to structure


Intro to construction

Wall Parts terms

F. Header-

supports structural loads above an opening

G. Sill-

At bottom of window opening used to support window


Estimating construction material

Estimating Construction Material

If studs 24” OC

(24’ / 2’) + 1 = ___

13

(24’ / 2’) + 1 = ___

13

(16’ / 2’) + 1 = ___

9

9

(16’ / 2’) + 1 = ___

(16’ / 2’) + 1 = ___

9

+ (+short int. )= ___

6

59

Simple floor Plan 16’X 24’

Rough # of studs needed ______

of these ______ are trimmer studs

# of 16’ plates needed ______

# sheets of plywood for sides _____

59

20

20

# of opening x 2= ___

18

3 per wall @ size = ___

18

20

Each sheet 4’x8’= ___

20


Intro to construction1

Intro to Construction

General Contractor $/job: in charge of rest

Careers

Masons $20/hr: concrete/ block/ brick

Framers $18/hr: studs/ plates/ rafters

Roofer : $17/hr vents/ shingles

Finished Carpenters $25/hr: trim/ molding

Electricians $25/hr: wiring

Plumbers $25/hr: water/ gas/ waste lines


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