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ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. BY MIKE GOODGE. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Developing Countries v Industrialised Top Down v Bottom Up 4 E’s + Latest Trends/Needs. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Terms: Accidents (Collisions, Crashes)

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Presentation Transcript
road safety in developing countries1
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
  • Developing Countries v Industrialised
  • Top Down v Bottom Up
  • 4 E’s +
  • Latest Trends/Needs
road safety in developing countries2
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Terms:

  • Accidents (Collisions, Crashes)

Fatal, Serious, Slight, Damage only

Head-on, Rear-end, Motorcycle

  • Casualties (People)

Fatalities, Injuries, Pedestrians, Passengers, Drivers etc

road safety in developing countries3
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Developing Countries Industrialised Countries

Growth in Very Rapid Almost Stable

Vehicle

ownership

Growth Very Rapid Going Down

in Accidents

road safety in developing countries4
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Accident Costs ???

  • RESOURCE COST

Police, ambulance, hospital, damage to vehicle/property, lost resource

  • PAIN, GRIEF & SUFFERING ??????
road safety in developing countries5
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Accident Costs ???

  • UK FATAL MOTORWAY ACCIDENT

£1,000,000+

  • CYPRUS FATAL ACCIDENT

£110,000

  • VIETNAM ?????????
road safety in developing countries6
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Accident Costs ???

VIETNAM ?????????

Typically costs country 1-2% GDP

Equivalent to all loans ??????

road safety in developing countries7
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Top Down v Bottom Up

  • Top Down

Traditional Approach funded by World Bank

Consultant’s team + Ministries, Road Authorities, Traffic Police

National Road Safety Plan

National Pilot Projects

  • Bottom Up

Latest approach supported by World Bank & GRSP (Global Road Safety Partnership)

Individual Co-ordinator + NGOs, Businesses, Local Leaders

Community Initiatives, Local Pilot Projects, HI type approach

road safety in developing countries8
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

4 E’s +

  • Engineering
  • Enforcement
  • Education
  • Encouragement
road safety in developing countries9
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

4 Es +

OTHER SECTORS

Co-ordination, Management

Finance

Accident Data System

Vehicle standards

Emergency Aid

Research

Accident Costs

road safety in developing countries10
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
  • Engineering

Analysis of Accident Data

Priorities for Engineers, Enforcement & Education

Accident Investigation & Prevention

on the Highway

Blackspot treatment

Route treatment

Area treatment

Traffic Calming

Speed Reduction,Road Humps, Rumble Bars, Gateways-------

road safety in developing countries11
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Engineering continued

Safety Audit—Checking Designs

Feasibility stage

Preliminary Design

Final design

Pre-opening

Existing Road

Road Safety Plans

road safety in developing countries12
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Enforcement

Legislation

Checking Documents (driver, vehicle)

Moving Violations

Targetted Enforcement

Speed

Alcohol

Seat belts

Helmets

Illegal turns---------------

road safety in developing countries13
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Education

General Public

Play Groups

Primary Schools

Secondary Schools

Colleges, Universities

Pupils, Teachers, Parents, Managers, Policy Makers

road safety in developing countries14
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Education

  • Teaching Regulations ???????
  • Teaching Awareness, Changing Attitudes, Changing Behaviour.
  • IN ANY OR ALL SUBJECTS IN THE CURRICULUM
road safety in developing countries15
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Education

Training: Teaching Skills

Crossing the road

Riding a bicycle

Riding a motor bike

Driving a car

Driving a heavy goods vehicle, bus

road safety in developing countries16
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Encouragement

Publicity Campaigns

Helmet wearing

Alcohol

Seat belts

Defensive driving-----------

Leaflets, posters, stickers, press releases, TV, radio, meetings, events ----------

road safety in developing countries17
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Encouragement

Company Policies.

HI ????????

Helmet wearing

Alcohol

Seat belts

Defensive driving------

road safety in developing countries18
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Latest Trends & Needs

Trends:

Increased Traffic - Increased Accidents

New roads -Much Higher Speeds

Much Higher Severity Accidents

Serious Problems at all Communities

road safety in developing countries19
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

SPEED

If a child is hit by a car

at 20 kph, 95% live

If a child is hit by a car

at 40 kph, 95% die

(UK data, UK hospitals)

road safety in developing countries20
ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Road Safety Needs

Top Down AND Bottom Up

Co-ordinated Approach

(All Agencies All Disciplines)

National & Local Plans

Safety Audit of ALL designs

Traffic Calming at ALL Communities

Community Based Initiatives

slide22

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

Highway 1 Rehabilitation Project

ROSS SILCOCK

vietnam road safety improvement study study team
VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDYSTUDY TEAM
  • Foreign Consultants

Ross Silcock Limited

TRL , Crown Agents

  • Local Consultants

VRA CSGTNTSC

ROSS SILCOCK

vietnam road safety improvement study
VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

World Bank

Highway 1 Rehabilitation Project

Project Management Unit 1 (PMU 1)

Ministry of Transport

Steering Group

ROSS SILCOCK

slide26

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

Highway 1 Rehabilitation Project

ROSS SILCOCK

vietnam road safety improvement study1
VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

Objectives:

  • Quantify road safety problem in Vietnam including costs
  • Carry out Priority Action:

data system, blackspots

  • Review all Sectors & devise
  • Comprehensive Prioritised Programme

ROSS SILCOCK

slide28

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

  • PHASE 1 (November 1997 6 months)

Review of Road Safety Sectors

Design of Priority Action Plan

  • PHASE 2 (18 Months + 4.5 months)

Implementation of Priority Actions

Accident Data System

Demonstration Projects on QL 1 (Engineering, Enforcement)

Five Year Plan

Strengthening of all Sectors

ROSS SILCOCK

slide29
VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

Technical Reports:

1 Vietnamese Road Safety Review

2 Highway Authority & Police Activity on QL 1

3 Road Safety Audit

4 Procurement of Police Equipment

5 Hazardous Locations on QL 1

6 Road Accident Costs in Vietnam

7 Three Road Safety Audit Reports

ROSS SILCOCK

slide30

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

Training Manuals:

1 Police Enforcement

2 Investigating & Improving Blackspots

3 Road Safety Audit

4 Accident Analysis System

ROSS SILCOCK

slide31

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

DRAFT FINAL REPORT

Current Situation

In the 10 years from 1990 to 1999

  • 140,278 recorded accidents
  • 45,196 people killed
  • 153,474 people injured.
  • number of accidents increased 3.8 times
  • number of fatalities increased 3.2 times
  • number of injuries increased 5.2 times

ROSS SILCOCK

slide32

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

DRAFT FINAL REPORT

Motorisation in Vietnam

vehicles could still:

  • double after six years and
  • quadruple after 11 years
  • Only after quadrupling would Vietnam’s motorisation level be comparable with that of Thailand’s 1995 level

REAAA

ROSS SILCOCK

slide33

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

DRAFT FINAL REPORT

International Comparisons

DROP IN TOTAL FATALITIES

  • Japan 50% 1970 - 1980
  • Holland 60% 1972 - 1982
  • Sweden 50% 1971 - 1981
  • UK 30% 1971 - 1981

ROSS SILCOCK

slide34

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

DRAFT FINAL REPORT

Priority Action Plan: Objectives

  • Improve the quality of, and access to Police accident data system
  • Black spot analysis and Road Safety Audit including training
  • Strengthen the Traffic Police and Traffic Inspectors with regard to enforcement using modern equipment and techniques
  • Strengthening the NTSC co-ordination and control of road safety
  • Study Tour to Europe

ROSS SILCOCK

slide35

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

DRAFT FINAL REPORT

Priority Action Plan

Traffic Law Enforcement Purchasing Equipment

REAAA

ROSS SILCOCK

slide36

VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

DRAFT FINAL REPORT

PROPOSED

FIVE YEAR PROGRAMME

  • All Sectors
  • Co-ordinated

ROSS SILCOCK

vietnam road safety improvement study2
VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY

DRAFT FINAL REPORT

PROPOSED FIVE YEAR PROGRAMME

1 Accident Data Systems

2 Road Safety Engineering

3 Traffic Law Enforcement

4 Co-ordination of Road Safety

5 Road Safety Education & Publicity

6 Driver Training & Testing

7 Vehicle Inspection

8 Emergency Medical Services

9 Road Safety Research

ROSS SILCOCK

slide38
Handicap International

Road Safety Study (4 weeks)

Mike & Miss Hue

  • Terms of Reference

Meet Road Safety Participants

Collect Information

Assess Situation problems, programmes

Plan project and project partners

slide39
WE BELIEVE

HI & the Partners in the room

can have a profound effect

on the Road Safety process

and

help reduce injuries & disabilities

in Ho Chi Minh City

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