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University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 1 st Semester 2008 -2009. Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 ) Lecture 6 FURNITURE DESIGN. Dr. Nihad Almughany. 1. 1. CONTENTS. 1- Aims.

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Dr nihad almughany

University of Palestine

Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning

Dept. of Architecture

1st Semester 2008 -2009

Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 )

Lecture 6

FURNITURE DESIGN

Dr. Nihad Almughany

1

1


Contents

CONTENTS

1- Aims.

2- Review of Last Lecture ( Design of Interior Spaces ).

3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design

4- Classification of Furniture:

A- According to Function

B- According to Construction Method

C- According to Location

D- According to Material

5- Wooden Furniture

6- Metal Furniture

7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture

8- Furniture Design Criteria

9- Furniture Styles

10- Conclusion

2


1 aims

1- AIMS

3

3

  • This lecture aims to:

    • Review of the last lecture ( Design of interior spaces).

    • Highlight the importance of furniture design.

    • Indicate the furniture design principles, tools and construction techniques.


2 review of the last lecture

2- REVIEW OF THE LAST LECTURE

- FACTORS AFFECTING THE DESIGN OF AN INTERIOR SPACE.

- VALUABLE INTERIOR SPACE.

- INTERIOR SPACE IN TRADITIONAL PALESTINIAN HOME.

  • DESIGN CRITERIA OF INTERIOR SPACES:

    • Lobby

    • Living rooms

    • Kitchens

    • Bedrooms

    • Offices

    • Bathrooms, WCs

    • Others

4


3 factors affecting furniture design

3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design :

  • Furniture function / s .

  • Material .

  • Location ( interior – exterior ) .

  • Concept .

  • Style .


4 classification of furniture a according to function

4- Classification of Furniture: A- According to Function

  • Home furniture

    • Kitchen cabinets, dining table and seats, coaches, chairs, beds, closets, accessories, etc

  • Office furniture

    • Desks, cabinets, shelves, shelf cabinets, seats, tables, meeting tables and seats, etc.

  • Hospital furniture

    • Beds, surgery room furniture, rolling tables , etc.


4 classification of furniture a according to function cont

4- Classification of Furniture: A- According to Function ( cont. )

  • School furniture :

    • Desks, seats, cabinets, boards, hangers, labs, library shelves and tables, etc.

  • Other building types furniture : Libraries, museums, theatres, restaurants, coffees, industrial, agricultural buildings, etc… .


4 classification of furniture b according to construction method

4- Classification of Furniture: B- According to Construction Method:

  • Fixed furniture:

    • Strong but heavy and difficult to carry or move.

    • Appropriate to some functions as in public spaces.

  • Mobile furniture:

    • Easy to move, to carry and change.

    • Appropriate for some functions as in domestic spaces.


4 classification of furniture c according to location

Internal Furniture ( Indoors )

External Furniture ( Outdoors )

Gardens Furniture

4- Classification of Furniture: C- According to Location:

  • Internal Furniture (Indoors)

    • Different interior spaces in housing, offices, educational and other buildings.

  • External Furniture (Outdoors)

    • Public spaces, streetscape, etc..

    • Garden furniture.


4 classification of furniture d according to material

4- Classification of Furniture: D- According to Material:

  • Wooden furniture

    • Natural wood

    • Manufactured wood

  • Bamboo furniture

  • Metal furniture

  • Plastic and acrylic furniture

  • Glass furniture

  • Combined furniture


5 wooden furniture

5- Wooden Furniture:

  • Furniture from natural wood for doors, tables, chairs, closets and others : ( Zaan, Suaid, Mahagony, …etc.)

  • Furniture from Manufactured wood :

    • Ply wood ( laminated by different kinds of materials and colors )

    • MDF for beds, closets, desks, cabinets, tables, etc .

    • Others.

  • Furniture from Bamboo for chairs, tables, shelves and others .


6 metal furniture

6- Metal Furniture:

  • Most familiar metals :

    • Steel: used for all kind of furniture and covered by different materials especially wood and leather .

    • Aluminum : used for many furniture items especially cabinets and tables .

    • Copper and Bronze : used for antiquities.

  • Combined by other materials such as glass, acrylic and wood


7 comparison between wooden and metal furniture

7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture:

  • Design :

    • Wood : limited shapes

    • Metal : flexibility in forming and shape

  • Weight

    • Wood : heavy

    • Metal : could be light ( Aluminum )

  • Firefighting

    • Wood: easy to burn

    • Metal : Does not burn easily

  • Cleanness :

    • Wood : could be cleaned but it is difficult to use water / A material liked by insects that hide in .

    • Metal : Easy to clean by water and it is not a field for insects

  • Shape and looking :

    • Wood : Fixed shape

    • Metal : Could have different shapes using colors and paints

  • Construction :

    • Wood : Complicated using glue and nails

    • Metal : Could be fixed and unfixed easily

  • Safety :

    • Wood : Needs efforts to be smooth and easy to scratch.

    • Metal : smooth surfaces and bears scratch / could be used for multi-loch doors .


8 furniture design criteria

8- Furniture Design Criteria:

  • Functional

  • Comfortable

  • Strong and Durable

  • Matches the Style of the space enclosed.

  • Beautiful and amusing

  • Safe


9 furniture styles

9- Furniture Styles:

  • The most familiar styles are:

  • Classic .

  • Modern .

  • Post modern.

  • Local

    - Arabic – Islamic.

    - Indian .

    - Italian .

    - American .

    - Etc.


Classic

Classic


Modern

Modern


Post modern

Post Modern


Local

Local


7 conclusion

7- CONCLUSION

  • Furniture design is of vital importance in the design of interior and exterior spaces.

  • Furniture design depends on many factors.

  • Furniture should be functional, beautiful, strong, durable, comfortable, safe and matches the style of the space enclosed.

  • Furniture could be classified either by function, construction technique, location or material.

  • Furniture could be manufactured by a variety of materials such as wood, metal, plastic and others.


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