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The use of benchmarking strategies to change the development strategy of business environment institutions Warsaw, October 14, 2010 . Science Parks : combining energies for innovation. Dr Ir Michel Morant CEO TTO Office University of Liege, Belgium

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The use of benchmarking strategies to change the development strategy of business environment institutions

Warsaw, October 14, 2010

Science Parks :combining energies for innovation

Dr Ir Michel Morant

CEO TTO Office University of Liege, Belgium

Member of the board of LIEU, SPOW, AST and of Proton Europe


Changing the paradigms

  • Industries focuse more and more on the core business

  • Research becomes more and more multi/cross disciplinary

  • Globalisation is today reality : markets, production sites, computing sites, development facilities, research

  • All dynamic regions are turning to innovation

    How can a Region bring a difference ?

  • By funding top research

  • By fostering a top educational system

  • By shortening the time lag between research and the market

  • Science parks are one of the catalyst to foster the future

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


The Triple Helix system (H. Etkowitz)

Government

IP policy

Funding R&D

Clustering policy

Industry/SME’s

Product development

Research

Knowledge transfer

Continuous education

University

TTO

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Benchmarking : why ? who ? Where ?

  • For the Government

    • Regions with similar/opposite track record

    • Far away/in the neighbourhood

    • Education/Research/Innovation Policy/Economy Policy

  • For universities

    • Within the country/abroad

    • Research oriented/education oriented

    • Taking part in EU associations (EAU, Proton, …)

  • For Science Parks

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Liege : some figures

  • Wallonia (3,5)+Brussels (1,1) : autonomous Regions

  • Liege : City of 600.000 in a province of 1 Moi

  • Industrial tradition : steel, mines, mechanics, energy

  • Long and deep crisis from the 70’s till the 90’s

  • New developments

    • 2nd harbour in UE, 7th airport for freight, HS train, Highways

    • Logistics : 100 Mios inhabitants within 3 hours drive

    • Aeronautics and space industry

    • Imaging technology – ICT

    • Envioronment technologies – water technologies

    • Biotechnology

    • Culture historical sites – museas - new station

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


The University of Liege : some figures

  • Grounded in 1496, state university in 1817

  • 10 faculties : the only complete state university in W-B

  • 20.000 students

  • Campus in Liege, Gembloux, Arlon

  • Open to the Euregio M-R, and Great Region (Lu, De, Fr)

  • 600 professors, 3000 scientists

  • University Hospital (4000 employees)

  • 400 Mio€ total budget (50% for research)

  • 1000 concurrent research contrats(70 FP7)

  • 65 Mio€/year direct contracting from companies

  • Science park with 100 high tech companies

  • 100 spin off companies grounded

  • 25 patents a year – 20 licences a year

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


R

E

S

E

A

R

C

H

Contracts

Entreprises

Public financing

Infrastructure

Researchers

RESEARCH

PUBLICATION

INVENTIONS

I

N

N

O

V

A

T

I

O

N

Public financing

IPR

SEED-CAPITAL

INCUBATORS

COLLABORATION

WITH COMPANIES

PROOF OF PRINCIPLE

SPIN-OFFS

D

E

V

E

L

O

P

M

E

N

T

New Products

New Services

Licences

Royalties

The Open Innovation model (H.Chesbrough)

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Benchmarking for a governementThe Prometheus project of the Walloon Region

  • All the key actors around the table, during 2 years (2002-2003) : companies, universities, research centers, EEIC, administration,

  • A guideline : the Open Innovation Model

    • Partenarial Research

    • IP policy – Licensing

    • Spin off policy

  • Local benchmarking :

    • Existing good experiences ? Where ? Why successful ?

    • How to generalize ?

    • Are they missing links ? Missing tools ? What are the problems?

  • European benchmarking of systems :

    • The US example in mind

    • Similar regions : Manchester/Birmingham, Leuven, NR Wesphalien, Switzerland, Rhônes-Alpes

    • Other types of regions : Finland, Valencia, Catalogna

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Benchmarking for universitiesWhat’s an entrepreneurial university ?

  • ULg visited several universities in Europe (KULeuven, EPFL, Linköping, Warwick, Barcelona

  • Involvement in networks (Curie, Proton Europe, …) for sharing experiences

  • Pro active University

    • Creation of the Liege Science Park (1980)

    • Creation of Interface Enterprise-University (1989) : promotion of industry-university relationships, support to SME’s and Lab’s

    • IP/spin off policy of the university (1998)

    • Creation of TTO and Gesval (1998)

    • Creation of Seed capital fund (Spinventure, 1999)

    • Creation of an entrepreneurship center in the Business school (2000)

    • First high tech incubator (WSL, 2001)

    • Expert team for high tech business (2005, CIDE)

    • Life science incubator (WBC, 2006)

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Innovation system in Wallonia

  • Partenarial research

  • Poles of competitiveness : LE, SME’s, univ’s, Lab’s on teh same agenda

  • Public-private-partnership for research

  • Reinfrocement of academic research with companies (PhD’s)

  • IP Policy

  • Funding of IP in Lab’s

  • Funding of IP in SME’s

  • Set up of a regional IP agency for supporting Lab’s and SME’s

  • Support to Universities for patent management and licensing

  • Funding of POC in universities

  • Spin off Policy

  • Entrepreneuship spirit in business schools

  • First spin off

  • Seed capital funds

  • High tech Incubators/

  • Refundable support for protoypes

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Organisation of ULg for Tech Transfer

Gesval (100 %)

IP management

Patent portfolio

Proof of Principle

Tech Tansfer

Licensing

License portfolio

Equity

CIDE asbl

Business plan - Coaching

ULg

SPS (60/40)

Hosting

Know-how

IP ownership

Research Contracts

SPINVENTURE(50/50)

(Pre)Seed capital

University

Laboratoiry

Researchers

Profits

WSL

Incubator

Engineering

WBC

Bio

Incubator


Growth of a spin-off company

Going Public / Acquisition

Late Stage

INVESTORS

Expansion

Venture Capital,

Investment Funds,

Banks, Public Funding

SRIW

Meusinvest

Early Stage

WSL, WBC

Product Development

BAs, Incubators

C O A C H I N G : CIDE

Creation of company

Spinventure

Seed Capital ("3F »)

Gesva

Valuation (foundations, public funds, TTO)

Gesval

Development / IP/Proof of concept (public funds, TTO)

Interface

UNIVERSITY

Concept : research funds

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Création d’entreprisesEvolution (2009 : 92 cumulated creations)

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Benchmarking of Science ParksThe IASP network

  • Science parks are typical area where all ingredients, all tools should be concentrated

  • IASP quality Chart : the guideline for benchmarking

  • Availability of

    • Good infrastructures : up to date buildings, connectivity

    • Nice environment

    • Specialized services : Patlib center, TTO, technology marketing experts,

    • Comfort services : babysitting, laundry, fitness, golf, tennis, …

    • High tech spirit : conferences, creativity, business lunches, seminars, …

    • Entrepreneurship spirit : incubators,

    • Good connexions with academic labs

    • High tech continuous education programs

    • Easy access to Seed capital/ Risk capital

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Conclusion : Benchmarking on different levels

  • Benchmarking is useful in order to get ideas

  • Government, universities, sceince park can do it

  • The benchmark should be focused mainly on similar regions/universties, and some quite different

  • The international networks are good relays to find appropriate partners : Proton Europe, IASP, AUTM for instance

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


Thank you for your attention

  • www.interface.ulg.ac.be

  • www.reseaulieu.be

  • www.protoneurope.org

  • www.iasp.ws

  • www.spow.be

  • www.gesval.be

  • www.stimtech.be

Warsaw, October 14, 2010


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