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Identify and State the Significance. War Measures Act. Identify: - An act passed by the government, giving it sweeping powers to ensure “the security, defence, peace, order and welfare of Canada” State the Significance: - Sent “enemy aliens” to internment camps in remote areas. Enemy Aliens.

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War measures act
War Measures Act

Identify:

- An act passed by the government, giving it sweeping powers to ensure “the security, defence, peace, order and welfare of Canada”

State the Significance:

- Sent “enemy aliens” to internment camps in remote areas


Enemy aliens
Enemy Aliens

Identify:

- German, Austrian, Hungarian, Ukrainian and other people considered suspicious after the outbreak of the first world war

State the Significance:

- These people were viewed with suspicion and hatred (spies, sabotage, etc.) and many Canadians acted in their suspicion


Honour rationing
Honour Rationing

Identify:

- The expected rationing of food and provisions.

State the Significance:

- Hoarding or stockpiling food and rations would lead to Canadians being fined or jailed.


Victory bonds
Victory Bonds

Identify:

- A major campaign launched by the government to lend money to the government for the war effort (the war was expensive!).

State the Significance:

- Individuals and businesses would benefit from purchasing Victory Bonds after the war (cashed in for profit), and Canada would benefit during the war because their funds would increase.


Imperial munitions board
Imperial Munitions Board

Identify:

- Implemented by the government to increase quality and quantity of munitions.

State the Significance:

- Plants manufacturing airplanes, shells and ships sprang up across the country. By 1918, 300 000 Canadians were employed in these factories. 1/3 of shells fired by the armies of the British Empire were made in Canada.


War trades board
War Trades Board

Identify:

- A Canadian board formed to work closely with the United States to manage imports, exports.

State the Significance:

- The Canadian economy continued to boom until the end of the war.


Suffragists
Suffragists

Identify:

- Members of the Canadian movement of women who had begun to organize themselves to gain the right to vote (these movements were happening in many countries)

State the Significance:

- Women like Nellie McClung were social reformers who believed that “women belong in the home, but not 24 hours a day. They should have exactly the same freedom as men” Women did jobs during the war that had once been performed by men and they believed that women should have the same political equality as men.


Wartime elections act
Wartime Elections Act

Identify:

- Granted women to vote in the December 1917 federal election.

State the Significance:

- Suffragists who had been fighting for equality were gaining headway. At this point, only the mothers, sisters, and wives of soldiers in the Canadian Armed Forces AND the Canadian nurses could vote (not all women, yet)


Military service bill
Military Service Bill

Identify:

- This bill was passed in the summer of 1917 which made conscription a law.

State the Significance:

- Military service became compulsory for all males between the ages of 20 and 45. Only men in vital wartime production jobs, those who were sick, or conscience objectors (PACIFISTS) did not join the forces. This contributed to the generation of broken men who eventually returned home to Canada.


Pacifist
Pacifist

Identify:

- A group of people who were against war on the basis of spiritual or moral beliefs. They included Mennonites, Doukhobors, and Quakers who had initially come to Canada to avoid military service in their home countries and for religious freedom.

State the Significance:

- The Canadian government had guaranteed that they would not have to serve in the military. Unfortunately when the war began, this group of people faced hostility and ridicule. The fact that Mennonites spoke German heightened suspicion of them.


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