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ADDRESSING NICOTINE DEPENDENCE Quarterly Provider Meeting 3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ADDRESSING NICOTINE DEPENDENCE Quarterly Provider Meeting 3/26/09. History of Smoking Cessation Efforts in NJ. NJ was a National Leader w/ Dr. John Slade, one of the nations’ pioneer advocates leading the way for tobacco control

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Quarterly Provider Meeting


History of smoking cessation efforts in nj

History of Smoking Cessation Efforts in NJ

NJ was a National Leader w/ Dr. John Slade, one of the nations’ pioneer advocates leading the way for tobacco control

As early as 2000 The Department of Health’s primary focus was Research, Education, and Surveillance

Dr. Slade promoted the concept of viewing Nicotine as more costly in human life and as dangerous as any other drug of abuse/dependence

We need to respond

  • The 1982 United States Surgeon General's report stated that "Cigarette smoking is the major single cause of cancer mortality (death) in the United States"

  • This statement is as true today as it was in 1982

  • Tobacco use remains the single most preventable cause of death – causing about 440,000 deaths per year in the United States

We need to respond1

  • Almost half of tobacco related deaths are people with mental and substance use disorders

  • Smoking cessation among people with mental and substance use disorders must become a top priority for our fields

  • Nicotine addiction not only hinders recovery, it is literally killing the very people that we are dedicated to serving

The facts

  • Between 80 and 95 percent of alcoholics smoke cigarettes, a rate that is three times higher than among the population as a whole

  • Approximately 70 percent of alcoholics are heavy smokers (i.e., smoke more than one pack of cigarettes per day), compared with 10 percent of the general population

The facts1

  • A survey of persons treated for alcoholism and other drug addictions revealed that 222 of 845 subjects had died over a 12-year period; one-third of these deaths were attributed to alcohol-related causes, and one-half were related to smoking

The facts2

  • Between 80 and 95 percent of alcoholics smoke cigarettes, a rate that is three times higher than among the population as a whole

  • Adolescents who begin smoking are 3 times more likely to begin using alcohol

  • Smokers are 10 times more likely to develop alcoholism than are nonsmokers

The facts 2007 2008 nj high school risk protective factor survey pending publication
THE FACTS2007/2008 NJ High School Risk & Protective Factor Survey(pending publication)

THE FACTS2003 Household SurveyFigure 4-11: Heavy Drinking and Illicit Drug Use Among Smokers and Non-Smokers

Promising findings

  • Interventions to help individuals in drug addiction programs stop smoking are effective in the short-term and appear to enhance rather than compromise other treatment for addictions

  • At follow-up substance abuse rates were roughly 25% less in groups receiving smoking cessation interventions

Promising findings1

  • Proven/Evidence Based Interventions to treat Nicotine Addiction are readily available and education, cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational, and antidepressant medication used alone or in combination with nicotine replacement therapy

Das contract language

  • Presently--- Treatment Annex As

    “The contractee (subcontractee) shall provide all services under this contract(subcontract) in a smoke-free environment. All treatment planning shall include education on tobacco use. The contractee (subcontractee) shall work toward development of a tobacco-free program.”

Das regulations

  • Outpatient Regs (proposed)- The smoking of tobacco products and the use of spit or any form of tobacco is prohibited within all outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities.

  • Inpatient Regs- (DRAFT) - The facility shall establish written policies precluding alcohol and nicotine use, or showing evidence of use (for example, paraphernalia, cigarette packs or other tobacco products) during working hours within the facility, on the grounds of the facility or when representing the facility. 

Pac feedback on becoming tobacco free
PAC Feedback on Becoming Tobacco-Free

  • Administration emphasis and staff commitment is necessary for success

  • Smoking has been used as a behavior regulator at some programs, using it as a reward

  • Tobacco must be addressed as part of a total recovery process

  • Client-centered approach will get the best results

The ny experience
The NY Experience

  • Providers voiced concerns about the cost of retooling operations to go smoke free for clients and staffs

  • They were concerned that a smoke –free environment might create a disincentive for seeking and remaining in treatment

  • Several provider agencies imposed a ban on staff smoking before imposing the ban on clients

  • Gradual, non-punitive implementation w/ full program commitment has worked best for providers


  • What resources currently exist to support tobacco cessation?

  • What is needed to address tobacco dependence in the context of addictions prevention, treatment, and recovery support?


  • Bobo, J.K., and Husten, C. Sociocultural influences on smoking and drinking. Alcohol Research & Health 24(4):225–232, 2000.


  • Grucza, R.A., and Beirut, L.J. Co-occurring risk factors for alcohol dependence and habitual smoking: Update on findings from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Alcohol Research & Health 29(3):172–177, 2007

  • Hurt, R.D.; Eberman, K.M.; Croghan, I.T.; et al.Nicotine dependence treatment during inpatient treatment for other addictions: A prospective intervention trial. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 18(4):867-872, 1994.

  • Anthony, J.C., and Echeagaray-Wagner, F. Epidemiologic analysis of alcohol and tobacco use. Alcohol Research & Health 24(4):201–208, 2000.