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SLOVAKIA. Geographical situation Country place - in Europe east part. In north - boundary with Poland , in east - with Ukraine , in south - with Hungary , in west - with Czech Republic and Austria. Territory : 49 034 km2 Population : 5 379 455 Country State : Parliament Republi c

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Geographical situation

Country place - in Europe east part.

In north - boundary with Poland, in east - with Ukraine, in south - with Hungary, in west - with Czech Republic and Austria.

Territory: 49 034 km2 Population: 5 379 455 CountryState:Parliament Republic

Officiallanguage: SlovakianReligion:Catholics (60%), Protestants (8%)


Capital: Bratislava (452 288)Largest cities : Kosic, Nitre, Presov, Bansk Bistric, Lucenec


Climate

Mild continental, January medium temperature –2ºC.

In mountainareas snowdoesn’t melteven for 130 days.

Medium July temperature is +21ºC.


History

From 5 cBC. In present Slovakia the Slavs tribes lived.

In 833 Moravian princetook Nitre andestablishedLarge Moravia empire.

In 863Slovakiaturns toBaptism faith.

In 1018 Slovakia getsincorporated inHungaryandstays there for 900 years, though Slovakia east region belongs to Polandfrom1412to1772.


After2. Worldwar Slovakia andCzechunite, andCzechoslovakiawas formed. In Czechoslovakia the communism was the only political regime.

In 1989 Slovakians get free from communism.

In 1993independence from Slovakia Republic is proclaimed.

Today Slovakia isoneof the EUcountries.


Slovakia is famous tourism country

In the country there aremorethan 1000 internationallevelhotels. Touristscanspend the nightin privateflats, guesthouses andcamps. In mountains there aremanysmallvillages with countryhouses. Inhealth resort there aremany and goodnight lodgings.


CountrycapitalisBratislava. It is famousforcastle-stronghold.


Bratislava sightseeing objects

Michael tower, Michael gate, Freedomsquare, Hviezdoslav square,Roland fountain, Farmacy museum, Municipal museum u.c.

St. Martin’s Cathedral

Slovakia National Galery

Oldtown

Town Hall


In Slovakia there are many thermal pools.

Besenev – thermal pools, water temperature is +370C.


Gerlachovskij StitGerlachovsky Stit

is the highest Tatra topwithunusuallandscape, rock labyrinths, deepgrottos, stalactite caves, undergroundriversanddifferentkind of routsfor mountain tourists.


Lomnics spice is the secondhigher Tatratop (2632 m over the sea level). Take offfor mountainswith funicular, to the mountain pointshoulder.


Strebskoje plesois the place of High Tatra waterfalls, ice lakes with translucent water and trout.


Belansk underground caves – many kilometreslong passage labyrinths, ornamented by stalactites and stalagmites.

Dobisinsk ice cave - temperature in the hottest summer is -400C.


Orava castle isone offamous castles in the country– unbeatable 13 cstronghold.


Spis castlecomplex that was one from biggest castle complexesin middle Europe in middle ages.


Slovakia is rich with national parks –High Tatra national park, Low Tatra national park, Mala Fatra national park, Pienini national park.

National park “Slovenskij raj” – Hornad river, wonderful canyon, beautiful nature, waterfalls.


Slovakians have favoured the sport.

Football Hockey

Impressive awards

2000 - silver medal

2002 - gold medal

2003 - bronze medal

Results in 2005 games:

Slovakia 0-0 Russia

Slovakia 1-0 Estonia


Eating habits

Central Europe north part is typical with warm summers and cold winters. Such temperature change favours popular creamy meals rich with calories. Favourite meals are differently prepared potatoes, dumplings, soups and stews with meat.


Folk art

Folk architecture example - wooden churches and brightly painted houses can be found all over the country.

Folk art works are woodcarving, weaving and glass painting that extent until today, especially in the country areas.


Music

Music is an important element of Slovakian culture.

Slovakians have rich folk music, many famous European classical music composers used Slovakian folk music motives in their own work (for example, Bela Bartok).


Slovakia anthem
Slovakia anthem

  • Slovakia national anthem:

  • Nad Tatrou sa blyska

  • hromy divo biju.

  • Zastavme ich bratia,

  • slovaci ožiju.

  • To Slovensko naše

  • posial’ tvrdo spalo.

  • Ale bleskr hromu

  • vzbudzuju h k tomu,

  • vby sa prebralo


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