TWENTIETH CENTURY BRITISH LIT. Writers and Terms. From Johannesburg, South Africa Parents were immigrants from Lithuania & England Grew up in conventional society Wrote about effects of apartheid, legal until 1991
Writers and Terms
Parents were immigrants from Lithuania & England
Grew up in conventional society
Wrote about effects of apartheid, legal until 1991
She understood the black man’s burden in her country; treats SA from a literary perspective
Activist for AIDS
Believed short story was literary form of our time
Very sensitive to discrimination of any kindNadine Gordimer 1923-1991 Nobel Prize Winner
Became Disillusioned by
The lack of progress
The lack of support
Owen was killed a few days before the war ended; died young
1976 Riot in Soweto
An expresson that does not literally mean what the words say
British idiom is different from American idom
“Round the neighborhood”
“In a wax”
Traveled with his German wife FriedaLived in New Mexico, England, Italy, and AustraliaDied of tuberculosis Influenced by Freudian psychology
His collected works represent an extended reflection upon the dehumanizing effects of modernity and industrialization. In them, Lawrence confronts issues relating to emotional health and vitality, spontaneity, and instinct.
Lawrence is now valued by many as a visionary thinker and significant representative of modernism in English literature.
An the dehumanizing effects of modernity and industrialization. In them, Lawrence confronts issues relating to emotional health and vitality, spontaneity, and instinct. English novelist and journalist. His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism ,a passion for clarity in language and a belief in democratic socialism.
Orwell's influence on popular and political culture endures, and several of his neologismsalong with the term Orwellian— a byword for totalitarian or manipulative social practices — have entered the vernacularGeorge Orwell (Eric Blair) 1903-1950 Born in India; from England
Orwell, the narrator writes of his experience as a police officer in Burma. He shoots an elephant, even though he knows he should not, in order to avoid being laughed at. He regrets his action.
The essay is also a condemnation of imperialism:
“When the white man turns tyrant it is his own freedom that he destroys.“
A narrative essay: his first famous piece.First published in the literary magazine New Writing in the autumn of 1936 and broadcast by the BBC Home Service on 12 October 1948.
Irish poet and playwright; revived Irish theatre
The Lake Isle of Innisfree
From New Zealand
1)Class vs Humanity
2)Rich vs Poor
“I seen [sic] the little lamp.”
James Joyce officer in Burma. He shoots an elephant, even though he knows he should not, in order to avoid being laughed at. He regrets his action.
Famous novelist and short story writer
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Known for his stream-of-consciousness style.
Considered to be one of the most influential
Writers of the twentieth century
“Araby” is a carnival or bazaar that the narrator
wants to attend in order to purchase a gift for
Mangan’s sister whom he barely knows.
He has an epiphany at the end: realizes the futility
of his mission.
Everyone needs to escape
Born Michael O’Donovan
Famous Short Story Writer
O’Connor knew education was way our of his
horrific family life.
His dad was an alcoholic and cruel; called him a
sissy because he liked to read.
Larry: unreliable narrator
Story relies on dramatic irony
Larry wants to get rid of his dad because he competes with him for his mother’s attention
Uses British idiom: “in a wax”
In resolution Larry and his father unite against Sonny, the new baby
From Wales but mostly lived in London.
Wrote first volume of poetry at 20.
Gave lectures and did readings in the U.S.
Died in NYC at 39 of alcoholism.
Flamboyant and popular figure.
Famous relationship with his wife Caitlin
A villanelle (a 19-line lyric poem)
Written for his father who was on his
Thomas wanted him to resist death.
Builds an argument to persuade him
Poem uses half rhyme, internal rhyme,
and end rhyme
Comments on the cruelty of time
Irony is that we are always moving
closer to death even while wonderfully
Uses puns and words in a playful manner
“Though I sang in my chains by the
Now as I was young and easy under the apple boughs
About the lilting house and happy as the grass was green,
An avant-garde playwright, novelist, poet, and director
1969 Nobel Prize
Irish but lived in Paris
Work is bleak and offers a tragi-comic outlook on human nature
Associated with black comedy or gallows humor