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PRESENTATION ON. “EFFECTIVE FLOOD PLAIN MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: ISSUES, BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES” Presenter – Engr. Ikenna Okonkwo – MNSE, COREN Environment Advisor, NNPC CHQ, Abuja. NSE AGM ABUJA 2013. PRESENTATION OUTLINE.

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Presentation on
PRESENTATION ON

“EFFECTIVE FLOOD PLAIN MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: ISSUES, BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES”

Presenter – Engr. Ikenna Okonkwo – MNSE, COREN

Environment Advisor, NNPC CHQ, Abuja

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


PRESENTATION OUTLINE

THE TOPIC FOR PRESENTATION WILL BE DISCUSSED UNDER THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS.

• INTRODUCTION

• STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

• A FOOD FOR THOUGHT

• FLOOD PLAIN AND FLOODING PICTURES IN NIGERIA

• FACTORS DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF FLOODING

• CONTROL OF FLOODS

• THE BENEFITS OF EFFECTIVE FLOOD PLAIN MANAGEMENT

• THE CHALLENGES

• CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

• END OF PRESENTATION

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


Introduction
INTRODUCTION

WHAT IS A FLOOD PLAIN?

• Is an area of low lying ground adjacent to a stream or river that stretches

from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls and

experiences flooding during periods of high discharge

• WHERE ARE THEY FOUND?

• Are they HABITABLE?

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


Statement of problem
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

“The people living along the flood plains of both the major

and minor rivers of Nigeria even though illegally

are constantly being ravaged by the menace of flooding

and this keeps recurring without any end in sight posing

a problem of undue stress to the agencies of Government

saddled with Emergency Management responsibilities

when these disasters occur. Their habitation along the

flood plains also creates extended flood Damage as the

saying that water must find its level.”

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


A food for thought
A FOOD FOR THOUGHT

• A total of N17.6 Billion was released by the Federal Government as a palliative measure in 2012 Flooding as was distributed as follows:

STATES – N13.3 BILLION

FEDERAL AGENCIES (NERMA, FMOW,FMENV, Refugee) – N4.3 BILLION

• CATEGORY “A” STATES – OYO, KOGI, BENUE, PLATEAU, ADAMAWA, DELTA, BAYELSA, ANAMBRA – N500M

CATEGORY “B” STATES JIGAWA,KANO,BAUCHI,KADUNA,NIGER,NASARAWA,TARABA,CROSS-RIVER,EDO, LAGOS, IMO – N400M

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


A food for thought cont d
A FOOD FOR THOUGHT CONT’D

CATEGORY “C” STATES – KWARA, KATSINA, GOMBE, OGUN, ONDO, EBONYI, ABIA, RIVERS – N300M

CATEGORY “D” STATES - SOKOTO, KEBBI, ZAMFARA, YOBE, ENUGU, EKITI, OSUN, AKWA-IBOM, BORNO, FCT – N250M

RELIEF MATERIALS ALSO CAME FROM: How much was WATER RESOURCES (39 BILLION ) BUDGET for 2012?????????

DANGOTE GROUP

OIL COMPANIES

FAITH BASED ORGANISATIONS

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013










Factors determining the effects of flooding
FACTORS DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF FLOODING

(1) THE LEVEL OF PREDICTABILITY: This affects the timing, accuracy and communication of warnings given before a flood

(2) THE RATE OF ONSET OF THE FLOOD: How quickly the water arrives and the speed at which it rises will govern the opportunity for people to prepare and respond effectively for a flood

(3) THE SPEED AND DEPTH OF THE WATER: This dictates the level of exposure of people and property to a flood

(4) THE DURATION OF FLOOD: This takes care of the time that the volume of water lasted in a given area.

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


Control of floods
CONTROL OF FLOODS

(1) PLANTING TO RETAIN EXTRA WATERS

(2) TERRACING HILLSIDES TO SLOW FLOW DOWN THE HILLS

(3) CONSTRUCTION OF FLOOD WAYS, DREDGING AND MAINTAINING FLOOD PLAIN

(4) CONTRUCTION OF LEVEES, DIKES, DAMS, RESERVOIR AND RETENTION PONDS

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


The benefits of effective flood plain management
THE BENEFITS OF EFFECTIVE FLOOD PLAIN MANAGEMENT

(1) THE COLOSSAL DAMAGE AND DEATHS REDUCED

(2) GOVERNMENT SPENDINGS ON EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT WILL BE REDUCED

(3) PRESSURE ON NEMA TO ATTEND TO DISASTER IS REDUCED

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


The challenges
THE CHALLENGES

(1) DIFFICULT TERRAIN AND POOR TOWN PLANNING APPROACH

(2) LACK OF MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT FOR MONITORING AND INSPECTION

(3) LACK OF ENFORCEMENT OF EXISTING LEGISLATION

(4) LACK OF GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION THROUGH MASS HOUSING

(5) INDISCRIMATE DUMPING OF REFUSE IN THE RIVER

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


Conclusion and recommendations
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

(1) DEVELOPMENT CONTROLS TO ENFORCE EXISTING LEGISLATION

(2) REGULAR MONITORING AND INSPECTION OF FLOOD PLAINS AND ROBUST DREDGING CAMPAIGNS

(3) RE-ENACT REALISTIC LOW COST HOUSING ESTATES AT BOTH FEDERAL AND STATE LEVEL

(4) MINISTRIES OF ENVIRONMENT AT BOTH FEDERAL AND STATE TO CONTINUE ADVOCACY ON PROPER DUMPING OF REFUSE AND MANAGEMENT

(5) GOVERNMENT TO PROVIDE THE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT THROUGH PROPER TOWN PLANNING METHODS

(6) NIMET TO CONTINUE TO GIVE WEATHER UPDATES FOR EARLY WARNING SIGNALS

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


End of presentation
END OF PRESENTATION

THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!

NSE AGM ABUJA 2013


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