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The War of 1898. “That Splendid Little War”. Focus Question. In a short response of 1 to 3 sentences, answer the following question: When, if ever, should the United States get involved in the internal problems of another country?. U.S. History Objectives . After today’s lesson, you will:

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the war of 1898

The War of 1898

“That Splendid Little War”

focus question
Focus Question
  • In a short response of 1 to 3 sentences, answer the following question:

When, if ever, should the United States get involved in the internal problems of another country?

u s history objectives
U.S. History Objectives

After today’s lesson, you will:

  • Outline the factors bringing the United States into the war with Spain.
  • Discuss and debate the rationale for U.S. entry into the War.
the war of 18981
The War of 1898
  • The War of 1898 was America’s first imperialist war
    • Fought over territories in the Caribbean and Pacific
    • Stress placed on the four main arguments for Imperialism
  • Revolved around matters in Cuba
    • Fought in both Caribbean and Pacific
    • Involved numerous nations
second cuban war for independence
Second Cuban War for Independence
  • Cuban Rebels rose in revolt in 1895
    • Multiracial force
    • Led by officers from the Ten Years’ War
  • Sought to gain independence for Cuba
    • Spain offered limited autonomy
    • Sent ValerianoWeyler as Military Governor
role of the yellow press
Role of the Yellow Press
  • Inexpensive, sensationalized newspapers
    • Pioneered by William Randolph Hearst
    • Saw a war as a way to sell papers
  • Focused sympathy for the Cuban

people in the Cuban War for

Independence

spanish atrocities
Spanish Atrocities
  • Cuban rebels quickly seized the countryside
  • Governor Weyler responded brutally
    • Periodic executions
    • Mass exiles
    • Destroy plantations
reconcentration camps
Reconcentration Camps
  • Weyler ordered peasants collected into camps
    • Remove support from rebels
    • Keep an eye on suspected rebels
  • Disastrous policy
    • Poor sanitation and medical facilities
    • Lack of food
    • Wiped out 1/3 of Cuba’s rural population
policy shocked americans
Policy shocked Americans
  • Incredible sympathy for the Cuban people
  • Belief that Spanish were fiendishly cruel
trifecta
Trifecta
  • U.S. long-term interest in Cuba
  • U.S. business investment in Cuba
  • Public opinion highly sympathetic to the Cubans
  • All that was needed was a spark
the sinking of the maine
The Sinking of the Maine
  • The U.S. battleship Maine exploded in the harbor of Havana on February 15, 1898
  • Public opinion blamed the Spanish for “mining” the Maine
slide12
War!!
  • Congress declared War on Spain on April 25, 1898
    • Sought to “secure peace in Cuba”
    • War ends in August 1898
  • Treaty of Paris, 1898
    • Cuba granted independence
    • U.S. gains Puerto Rico and Guam
    • U.S. paid Spain $25 million for the Philippines
summary
Summary
  • In a short response of one to two sentences, explain what was the most important thing learned in class today.
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