Doctoral studies in aalto university school of science and technology tkk
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Doctoral Studies in Aalto University School of Science and Technology (TKK). Raimo P. Hämäläinen Antti Punkka Systems Analysis Laboratory Aalto University School of Science and Technology [email protected] Recruitment of doctoral students.

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Doctoral Studies in Aalto University School of Science and Technology (TKK)

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Doctoral Studies in Aalto UniversitySchool of Science and Technology (TKK)

Raimo P. Hämäläinen

Antti Punkka

Systems Analysis Laboratory

Aalto University School of Science and Technology

[email protected]


Recruitment of doctoral students

  • Different practices: continuous / once a year application

    • + Graduate school call for applications

  • Full and part-time students

  • Master-level students are employed in research groups

    • Test period – the main source of recruitment

    • First paper often based on the master’s thesis or even earlier work

  • Goal to have more foreign students

    • Joint international Masters’ and Doctoral programs

    • Our grad. school last fall: 19/45 (42 %) of the applicants were non-Finnish

  • Aalto visibility can increase the number of applicants


Graduate schools’ calls for applications

  • When new ministry-funded positions available (every 2 years)

  • OR for example once a year

  • Our graduate school

    • Selection criteria

      • Previous studies

      • Research experience

      • Relevance and clarity of research interests

      • Matching faculty interests

    • Application

      • An outline of a research proposal / description of research interests

      • CV & degrees achieved with grades

      • Possible letters of recommendation

      • TOEFL results


General

  • Goal to complete the degree in 4 years

    • Not achieved often

  • Course work 60 cr (ECTS) (approx. 1440 hours)

    • Studies in the research field 30-40 cr (720 – 960 h)

    • Studies in a supplementary field 10-20 cr (240 – 480 h)

    • A module on scientific practices and principles 5-15 cr (120 – 360 h)

  • Research is conducted in research groups

  • Writing of scientific peer-reviewed articles in collaboration with the supervising professor


Style of the thesis book

  • A monograph = an extensive literature review and own results

  • A collection of articles= 4-6 published co-authored articles and a summary (10-20 pages)

    • Most common format

    • Scientific articles are a motivation for the supervising professors and a good basis for the students’ possible later research work


Doctoral dissertation

  • Two pre-examiners

    • Suggest revisions

    • Submit statements

  • Public defence (2 hours)

    • An academic dialogue

    • Opponent usually from abroad


Students' funding and responsibilities

  • Full-time students funded by the university

    • Graduate schools / research projects / university

    • A taxable salary (2000-3000 euros per month) depends on the student’s progress

      • Average income in Finland is 2940 euros per month (8/2009)

    • In some disciplines, short scholarships are common

  • Part-time students conduct their research alongside their normal jobs


Students' visits abroad

  • Graduate school engourages to short and long visits

    • Summer school participation sponsored

    • Conferences paid by research groups

  • All Finnish graduate schools: 16 % of graduate school students did a visit in the two-year period 2006-2007 **

    • About 6400 / 21000 = 30 % of graduate students were involved in doctoral schools

    • Finland: Decreasing trend in the number of university teachers’ and researchers’ visits abroad

      • From 1800 annual visits of at least two weeks to 1200 in the period 1998-2008 *

* source: Riitta Mustonen, Academy of Finland, slides 3.2.2010

** source: Eeva Sievi, Academy of Finland, email message 17.5.2010


Hosting of doctoral students’ short-term visits

  • Visitors usually have their own funding

  • Facilities offered

  • There is no tuition fee in Finland, taking courses here is free

    • 16 % of full-time graduate school students in Finland are non-Finnish *

* source: Heikki Ruskoaho, University of Oulu, slides 3.2.2010


Entering the job market in Finland

  • The number of annual doctoral degrees has doubled up from 1995 (graduate school system started) to 2007 (765 -> 1523) *

    • Employment rate of doctors graduated in 2002-2006 was 97 % in 2006 *

  • First jobs of doctors who graduated from some graduate school in 2006-07 * (our grad. school 1995-2008)

    • Universities 50 % (Finland 36 %, abroad 14 %) (our grad. school 24 %)

    • Jobs in the private sector 20 % (our grad. school 45 %)

    • Research institutes and alike 9 % (our grad. school 22 %)

    • Admistrative duties in the public sector 8 % (our grad. school 9 %)

    • Other / unknown 10 % (our grad. school 0 %)

* source: Eeva Sievi, Academy of Finland, slides 2.12.2008


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