The Action. At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, the largest gathering of world leaders in history adopted the Millennium Declaration , committing their nations to reduce poverty; improve health; and promote peace, human rights, and environmental sustainability.
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
There is still enough time to meet the MDGs – though barely. With a systematic approach over the next decade, many countries now dismissed as too poor or too far off track could still achieve the Goals, but only if the world moves urgently with specific, scaled-up actions. Immediate action is needed to train of enough doctors and engineers, strengthen service delivery capacity, and construct improved infrastructure.
To launch the decade of bold ambition towards 2015, several worldwide initiatives are needed to translate the Goals from ambition to action:
Identify fast-track countries
Prepare MDG-based poverty reduction strategies
Launch a global human resource training effort
Launch the Quick Win initiatives
Engage middle-income countries in the challenge of meeting the MDGs
Developing country governments should adopt MDG-based poverty reduction strategies bold enough to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets for 2015, and these strategies should anchor the scaling up of public investments, capacity building, domestic resource mobilization, and official development assistance.
LAUNCHING A DECADE OF BOLD AMBITION
Although far from comprehensive, some Quick Wins could bring vital gains in well-being to millions of people and start countries on the path to the Goals. With adequate resources, some Quick Wins include
(SRH-relevant Quick Wins are marked in red):
Although far from comprehensive, some Quick Wins could bring vital gains in well-being to millions of people and start countries on the path to the Goals. With adequate resources, some Quick Wins include:
The UN Millennium Project has discovered that the cost of meeting the MDGs is less than what wealthy nations have already promised to contribute in development assistance.
Key SRH recommendations in UN Millennium Project reports
Recommended SRH Target:
Universal access to reproductive health services by 2015 through the primary health care system, ensuring the same rate of progress or faster amongst the poor and other marginalized groups
Recommended SRH Indicators:
Contraceptive prevalence rate (currently Goal 6, recommended to Goal 5)
HIV prevalence among 15-24 year old women (Goal 6)
Proportion of births attended by skilled birth attendants (Goal 5)
Proportion of demand for family planning satisfied (Goals 3 and 5)
Adolescent fertility rate (Goals 3 and 5)
Availability of emergency obstetric care (Goal 5)
These indicators are recommended for measuring together the systematic impact on women’s ability to bring into effect their stated fertility preferences and to have safe, voluntary and healthy sexual and reproductive lives and parenthood.
Recommendations for an additional SRH-relevant target and indicators
(Recommended by the Task Forces on Maternal/Child Health and Gender Equality)