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Anatomy and Physiology Defined. Levels of Organization. Atoms/Chemicals CellsTissueOrganOrgan SystemsOrganism. Anatomy and Physiology. Ecology. Organism_______________________Ecosystem. Nerve Cell. Atoms to Cells. Protons & Neutrons. Ameoba. Animal Cell. Muscle Cell. Plant Cell.

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Levels of organization
Levels of Organization

Atoms/ChemicalsCellsTissueOrganOrgan SystemsOrganism

Anatomy and Physiology

Ecology

  • Organism_______________________Ecosystem


Atoms to cells

Nerve Cell

Atoms to Cells

Protons & Neutrons

Ameoba

Animal Cell

Muscle Cell

Plant Cell

Electrons


Cells to tissues
Cells to Tissues

Cardiac Muscle Tissue

Cell in ________

Single Cells Join to Make Tissue


Tissues to organs
Tissues to Organs

A single Organ (heart)

Join Together

Individual Cardiac Tissues


Organs to organ systems
Organs to Organ Systems

Cardiovascular System

Artery

Vein

Capillaries

Heart


Organ systems

Organisms

Organ Systems 

? ? ?

? ? ?


11 organ systems
11 Organ Systems

  • Integumentary System-Skin

  • Skeletal System-Bones

  • Muscular System-Muscles

  • Nervous System-____________,___________,__________

  • Endocrine System-Pituitary, Thyroid, Adrenals, Pancreas, and other hormone producers

  • Cardiovascular System-Heart, Vessels, Capillaries

  • Lymphatic System-_________,__________,___________, and other Blood (cleaning) related organs

  • Respiratory System-Nasal, Larynx, Bronchi, Lungs

  • Digestive System-__________ from Mouth to Anus

  • Urinary (Excretory)-Kidney, Bladder, Urethra, Ureter

  • Reproductive-Testis, Ovary, Penis, Uterus, Vagina


Systems 5 7

Series of Organs that produce _______________

Hormones regulate Growth, Metabolism, and Sexual Development

Hormones are released from organs into bloodstream for transport

Is involved in the ___________ of the body

Generates _____________

Produces WHITE BLOOD CELLS

Drains excess body fluids

Lymph nodes located in neck, groin, and armpit regions

Spleen is “largest” lymph organ

Systems 5&7

EndocrineLymphatic


Basic life functions
Basic Life Functions

  • Maintaining Boundaries-Cells and Skin (both)

  • ___________

  • Responsiveness

  • Digestion

  • Metabolism

  • Excretion

  • ____________

  • ____________


Survival needs
Survival Needs

  • Nutrients

  • __________

  • __________

  • Body Temperature

  • Atmospheric Pressure


Homeostasis
Homeostasis

Components of a Homeostatic Event

  • The body ____________ to maintain a constant state. If hot-try to cool, if dehydrated-conserve moisture.

  • Receptor

  • Control

    Center

  • Effector


Homeostatic imbalance
Homeostatic Imbalance

  • Most diseases are classified as Homeostatic Imbalance

  • In every chapter, example of homeostatic imbalance will be discussed

  • They are indicated in your text by a RULER BALANCED ON A PYRAMID

  • Find 2 in your book now, give page number and explanation

A.________________ B.__________________


Anatomical positioning
Anatomical Positioning

THE Anatomical Position

***Please assume this position by your desk***

A person in the anatomical position is standing erect with the head, eyes and toes pointing forward, feet together with arms by the side. The palms of the hands are also point forward.

***Please assume this position by your desk***

***Please assume this position by your desk***


Directional terms
Directional Terms

  • superior/inferior

  • anterior/posterior

  • medial/lateral

  • dorsal/ventral

  • intermediate

  • proximal/distal

  • superficial/deep

Use page 12 to make sketches of each of these in your notes


Diagram1
Diagram1

Anterior

Torso



Diagram3
Diagram3

  • Leg Landmarks


Diagram 4
Diagram 4

Arm Landmarks


Diagram 5 torso posterior body landmarks
Diagram 5 Torso - Posterior (Body Landmarks)




Dorsal body cavities
Dorsal Body Cavities




Resource page
Resource Page

  • Internet Sites

  • http://www.cellsalive.com/index.htm

  • http://www.gen.umn.edu/courses/1135/lab/histolab/muscleimages.html

  • http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/CVHTML/CV001.html

  • http://users.tpg.com.au/users/amcgann/body/circulatory.html

  • http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html

  • http://www.bioedonline.org/slides/slide01.cfm?q=central%20nervous%20system&dpg=28

  • http://kcfac.kilgore.cc.tx.us/luneaupage1409/torso%20anterior%20view.jpg


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