United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i
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United States History, Part II SOL Review Reconstruction to World War I. USII.3a - Reconstruction Amendments What amendment bans slavery? The 13th Amendment What amendment grants citizenship to the former slaves? The 14th Amendment. What amendment grants the right to vote to all citizens?

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United States History, Part II SOL Review Reconstruction to World War I

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United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

United States History, Part II SOL ReviewReconstruction to World War I


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3a - Reconstruction Amendments

What amendment bans slavery?

The 13th Amendment

What amendment grants citizenship to the former slaves?

The 14th Amendment


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What amendment grants the right to vote to all citizens?

The 15th Amendment

What does the three Civil War Amendments guarantee to all citizens?

Equal protection under the law


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3b - Reconstruction Policies

Where did the harsh Reconstruction problems create problems?

The South

Who did the Reconstruction policies intend to help?

The former enslaved African Americans


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Who was not allowed to hold public office following the Civil War?

Southern Military Leaders

Who could hold public office for the first time following the Civil War?

African Americans

What law gave African Americans equal rights following the Civil War?

Civil Rights Act of 1866


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Who supervised the South and protected the rights of African Americans?

Northern soldiers (Federal troops)

What agency was established to aid African Americans?

The Freedman’s Bureau

Who took advantage of the Reconstruction policies and were resented by Southerners?

Northern Carpetbaggers


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What event officially ended Reconstruction?

The Election of 1876

What did Rutherford B. Hayes promise to do in order win the election?

Remove federal troops from the South

What was passed that caused African Americans to lose the rights they had gained?

The Black Codes


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3c - Roles of Lincoln, Lee, and Douglass

What did Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction call for?

Reconciliation

What did Abraham Lincoln believe was more important than punishing the South?

Preserving the Union


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did Robert E. Lee urge Southerners to do even though some wanted to continue to fight?

Reconcile and reunite as Americans

What did Robert E. Lee become president of after the Civil War?

Washington College (Washington & Lee)


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Who was a powerful voice for human rights and civil liberties for all?

Frederick Douglass

What right did Frederick Douglass want guaranteed by constitutional amendment for African Americans?

Voting Rights


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.2a – Physical features/climate of the Great Plains

What is the name of the flatlands located in the Midwest that rise gradually from east to west?

The Great Plains


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did people call the Great Plains before the Civil War?

A treeless wasteland

What eroded the Great Plains?

Wind and Water

What caused the Great Plains to be very dry?

Low rainfall


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did a lack of rain cause?

Frequent dust storms

What helped the Great Plains become an area that could be settled?

New technologies


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.2a – Inventions/Adaptations

What was used to keep cows from wandering off and away from crops?

Barbed wire

What farming technique was used to grow wheat in dry soil?

Dry farming


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What farming tool was used bust up tough soil so crops could be planted deep in the soil?

Steel plows

What were many houses made of due to the lack of trees?

Sod


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What crop could farmers grow and make a profit on?

Wheat farming

What did many ranchers and cowboys raise to make a living?

Beef cattle

What was used to pump water?

Windmills


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.2b – Transportation of resources

Transportation advances allowed natural resources like copper and lead to be moved to –

eastern factories


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Transportation advances allowed iron ore deposits to be moved to –

steel mills

Transportation advances allowed finished products to be moved to –

national markets


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.2b – Examples of Manufacturing Areas

What area is the center of the steel industry?

Pittsburgh


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What area is the center of the textile industry?

New England

What area is the center of the automobile industry?

Detroit


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3a – Reasons for Westward Expansion

Many settlers moved westward due to the Homestead Act and other opportunities for –

land ownership

What major technological advancement made it easier to travel westward?

The Transcontinental Railroad


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What was discovered that led people to move westward in hopes of becoming wealthy?

Gold and Silver

Many people moved to the Wild West for –

adventure

Who moved westward following the Civil War in search of a new beginning?

Former enslaved African Americans


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.4a - Impact on American Indians

Who provided opposition to settlers during westward expansion?

American Indians

Where did Sitting Bull’s tribes defeat the United States Calvary led by General George Custer?

Battle of Little Bighorn


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Who led raids on the settlers and the army in Arizona?

Geronimo

What reduced the American Indians population besides warfare?

Diseases

Where were many Indian tribes forced to relocate as settlers moved westward?

Reservations


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What describes the American Indians on the reservations being forced to change their culture?

Assimilation

What did the American Indians often sign that reduced their homeland, but were often broken?

Treaties


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did settlers slaughter as they moved westward that the American Indians depended on?

The buffalo

Who was the last of the great Indian chiefs to surrender?

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce

What was the final armed conflict with the American Indians?

Wounded Knee


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3b – Reasons for increased immigration

What caused an increase in immigration from European countries?

a. Hope for: better opportunities

b. Religious: freedom

c. Escape from: oppressive governments

d. Adventure


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3b – Reasons why cities developed

Some cities developed due to:

specialized industries.

Where was the steel industry located?

Pittsburgh

Where was the meat packing industry located?

Chicago


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Other cities developed due to _____________________ from other countries.

immigration

Many Americans moved from ____________________ to urban areas in search of job opportunities.

Rural areas


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3b – Inventions that contributed to great change and industrial growth

Who invented the telephone service?

Alexander Graham Bell

Who invented the electric light bulb and mechanical uses of electricity?

Thomas Edison


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did rapid industrialization and urbanization lead to?

Overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3b – Efforts to solve immigration problems

Who started a settlement house called the Hull House to help immigrants?

Jane Addams

Who gained power by helping immigrants find jobs and housing, but often in exchange for votes?

Political machines


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3b – Interaction and conflict between different cultural groups

Who helped build the Transcontinental Railroad, but faced discrimination on the West Coast?

The Chinese

What group of immigrants left Europe due to the potato famine, but faced discrimination for being Catholic?

The Irish


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3b – Challenges faced by cities

What were the names of the overcrowded immigrant apartments and neighborhoods?

Tenements and Ghettos

Who were the politically corrupt organizations that gained control of city and state governments?

Political Machines


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3d – Reasons for rise and prosperity of big business

What was created by advances in transportation that helped big business?

National Markets

Who was the captain of the oil industry?

John D. Rockefeller


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Who was the captain of the steel industry?

Andrew Carnegie

Who was the captain of the automobile industry?

Henry Ford

Who was the shipping and railroad tycoon?

Cornelius Vanderbilt


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

How did big business make consumers aware of their products?

Advertising

How did the assembly line help big business prosper?

Lower-cost production

What are three examples of big business?

Railroad, Oil, and Steel


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3d – Factors resulting in the growth of industry

As a result of better transportation what did factories have better access to?

Raw materials and energy

What provided the factories the availability of a large work force?

Immigration


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Many of these used electricity and were created to be used in factories?

Inventions

What did banks and the Stock Market provide industries to help them grow?

Financial resources


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3d – Postwar changes in farm and city life

What increased production, but reduced the need for farm labor?

Mechanization

What machine is an example of mechanization on the farm?

The Mechanical Reaper


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did industrial development create in the cities?

Labor needs (jobs)

What created job opportunities in the cities?

Industrial development

How did industrialization provide people in rural areas access to consumer goods?

Mail Order Catalogues


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3c – Racial Segregation following Reconstruction

What is another name for discrimination based upon race?

Racial segregation

Who was the primary target of racial discrimination?

African Americans


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Were African Americans the only target of racial discrimination?

No, Indians, Chinese, and Irish faced discrimination.

Who were not considered citizens until 1924?

American Indians

What laws discriminated against African Americans?

“Jim Crow” laws


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What laws made discrimination legal in many communities and states?

“Jim Crow” laws

Where did the “Jim Crow” laws deny African Americans equal opportunities?

Housing, Work, Education, & Government

Who believed African Americans could achieve equality by learning trade skills through vocational education?

Booker T. Washington


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did Booker T. Washington accept?

Social separation

Who believed in full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans?

W.E.B. Du Bois

What organization did W.E.B. Du Bois help start?

N.A.A.C.P


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3e – Negative effects of industrialization

What were some of the negative effects of industrialization?

Child labor, low wages, long hours, and unsafe working conditions


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3e – Rise of organized labor

What did workers form to get better pay and working conditions?

Labor unions

What labor union formed by Samuel Gompers grew during this time?

American Federation of Labor (AFL)


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What tactic did labor unions use to get management to meet their demands?

Strikes

What famous strike used violence and hurt the labor union movement?

The Homestead Strike


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.3e – The Progressive Movement

What reforms were due to the Progressive Movement?

Improved safety conditions, reduced work hours, and restrictions on child labor

What was the purpose of the suffrage movement?

Voting rights for women


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What constitutional amendment finally granted women the right to vote in 1920?

The 19th Amendment

Who were the leaders for women’s suffrage?

Susan B. Anthony & Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Where else did women want more opportunities?

Education


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What was the name of the movement to stop the making and consuming of alcohol?

The Temperance Movement

What constitutional amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcoholic beverages?

18th Amendment


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.4a – Reasons for the Spanish American War

Whose economic interests did the United States want to protect in Cuba?

American business interests

Who did many Americans want Cuba to gain their independence from?

Spain


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What happened in the Havana Harbor that was blamed on Spain?

The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine

What was the name given to the exaggerated news reports of events?

Yellow Journalism

How did Yellow Journalism affect public opinion for the war?

Americans supported the war


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.4a – Results of the Spanish American War

What did the United States become after it won the Spanish American War?

A world power

Who gained their independence from Spain?

Cuba


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What possessions did the United States gain from Spain?

Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico

What two things influenced the United States’ involvement in the Spanish American War?

Economic interests and public opinion


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.5b - The Roosevelt Corollary

What did Theodore Roosevelt expand in order to prevent European involvement in Caribbean and South American countries?

The Monroe Doctrine


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What kind of matters in the countries of the Americans did Theodore Roosevelt believe the United States had the right to interfere with?

Economic Matters

What did Theodore Roosevelt claim the United States had the right to exercise?

International Police Power

What did Theodore Roosevelt use his “Big Stick Diplomacy” to help get built?

The Panama Canal


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

USII.4b – World War I

What was the United States’ policy to remain neutral during the war?

Isolationism

What country did the United States have close economic and political ties to?

Great Britain


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What type of warfare was Germany using that upset the United States?

Unrestricted submarine warfare

What was the name of the ship carrying American passengers that German submarines sank?

The Lusitania


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What country did Germany secretly try to get to attack the United States?

Mexico

How did the United States find out about Germany’s plan?

The Zimmerman Telegram


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Which side: Allies or Central Powers?

Austria-Hungary – Central Powers

Belgium – Allies

Bulgaria – Central Powers

France – Allies

Germany – Central Powers

Great Britain – Allies

Ottoman Empire – Central Powers

Russia – Allies

Serbia – Allies

United States – Allies


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

Who prepared a plan for peace following the war and was the President of the United States during World War I?

Woodrow Wilson

What was Woodrow Wilson’s peace-keeping organization called?

The League of Nations

What was President’s Woodrow Wilson’s plan for peace called?

The Fourteen Points


United states history part ii sol review reconstruction to world war i

What did the United States NOT join because they did not want to get involved in anymore European wars?

The League of Nations

Who did not ratify the treaty in order for the United States to join the League of Nations?

The Senate


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