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New Right Populist Parties:. New kids on the block. New Right Populist Parties. A family of parties which have cropped up on the right of the political spectrum Different from the old extreme right Not necessarily opposed to liberal democracy

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new right populist parties

New Right Populist Parties:

New kids on the block

new right populist parties1
New Right Populist Parties
  • A family of parties which have cropped up on the right of the political spectrum
  • Different from the old extreme right
  • Not necessarily opposed to liberal democracy
  • Anti-establishment, anti-EU, anti-immigrant – in many respects, anti- parties.
the old right
The old right

Divided between:

  • economically liberal & conservative parties & some Christian Democratic parties

And

  • Extreme right
    • typically anti-democratic, racist
    • Examples: Fascist parties, monarchist parties in France…
extreme right
Extreme right:
  • Strong in pre-world war I and interwar periods
  • Miniscule strength in postwar period
    • Authoritarianism discredited
    • Parties marginalized, although some continue
  • Examples:
    • MSI, Italian Social Movement (Fascist)
    • NPD in Germany
    • FN (Front Nationale) in France
postwar manifestations
Postwar manifestations
  • Poujadism (France, 1956)
    • Flash party;
    • Shopkeepers’ party
    • Protest party
  • Farmers Party (BP) Netherlands, 1960s
  • Progress Party (Denmark),
    • Mogens Glistrup, 1970s
  • Anders Lange Party (Norway)
1980s beyond
1980s & beyond

Resurgent support for older & newer parties:

  • Front Nationale
    • FN wins 10%-15% in presidential elections
    • 2002 Presidential election: Le Pen in runoff.
  • Freedom Party (FPÖ) in Austria – from nothing to ~25% of the popular vote
  • Lega Nord (Northern Leagues) in Italy
  • Danish People’s Party
  • List Pim Fortuyn (LPF) in the Netherlands
  • Freedom Party (PVV) in the Netherlands
common threads
Common threads:
  • Anti-European Union
  • Anti-immigrant
  • Anti-establishment
  • Populist in style – leader-centred politics, emphasis on leader who can fix things
positions
Positions
  • Anti…
  • Often (but not always) prefer more market & less state intervention in economic life
  • But, prefer stronger state administration of justice: stricter law enforcement, harsher penalties.
attitudes toward liberal democracy
Attitudes toward liberal democracy
  • Few parties overtly anti-democratic
  • If they are, they are unwilling to say so
  • Examples:
    • FPÖ (Austria)
    • FN (France)
anti establishment
Anti-establishment

Opposition to established elites

  • Common theme: failure to listen to people like us
  • Finds expression in
    • Use of coarse language (Bossi, Lega Nord)
    • Demagoguery (Le Pen, FN)
    • I can fix that (Pim Fortuyn, LPF), although LPF not necessarily right
explaining the new right
Explaining the new right:
  • Reaction to cartelization and/or consensus democracy?
  • Mobilization of grievances?
  • Representation of issues or concerns not adequately articulated by other parties?
  • Pathology?
rise and fall of the lpf
Rise and Fall of the LPF
  • Consensus democracy: the purple coalition (PvdA + D66 + VVD)
  • Livable Netherlands (LN)
  • The rise of the List Pim Fortuyn (LPF)
    • Pim Fortuyn
      • Acerbic critic
      • Unlikely or likely populist?
  • After the assassination
successes and failures
Successes and failures
  • Electoral breakthrough in several countries, but not always right away, and not necessarily sustained
  • Difficulty in sustaining participation in government
    • Haidar & FPÖ
    • List Pim Fortuyn
  • But, impact on other parties
    • Cf. VVD in Netherlands
general amnesty
General Amnesty

Blanket extension on papers

Until Monday, December 3rd

5:00 p.m.

final exam
Final exam:

Saturday, December 8th

9:00-11:00

AA1043

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