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Step Up To: Discovering Psychology by John J. Schulte, Psy.D . From: Hockenbury & Hockenbury Discovering Psychology 4e Worth Publishers (2007). Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders. Moody Blues. You’ve got Personality. Me, Nervous?. What’s abnormal?. Did you hear it, too?.

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Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

Step Up To: Discovering Psychologyby John J. Schulte, Psy.D.

From: Hockenbury & Hockenbury

Discovering Psychology 4e

Worth Publishers (2007)


Chapter 13 psychological disorders

Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders

Moody Blues

You’ve got Personality

Me, Nervous?

What’s abnormal?

Did you hear it, too?


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

What’s abnormal?

500

400

300

200

100


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

Me, Nervous?

500

400

300

200

100


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

Moody Blues

500

400

300

200

100


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

You’ve got Personality

500

400

300

200

100


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

Did you hear it, too?

500

400

300

200

100


1 in order for behavior to be considered a psychological disorder it must either

1.In order for behavior to be considered a psychological disorder, it must either:

  • A) be out of the ordinary or dangerous.

  • B) make others uncomfortable or put them at risk.

  • C) put them at risk to harm themselves or to harm others.

  • D) cause distress or impair functioning.


2 the book that officially classifies all the different psychological disorders is the

2. The book that officially classifies all the different psychological disorders is the:

  • A) APA-Dx.

  • B) DSM-IV-TR.

  • C) ICD-10.

  • D) NCS.


3 according to an ncs study the lifetime prevalence of psychological disorders is about

3.According to an NCS study, the lifetime prevalence of psychological disorders is about:

  • A) 30%.

  • B) 20%.

  • C) 40%.

  • D) 50%.


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

The NCS found that women had a higher prevalence of ___ disorders and men had a higher prevalence of ___ disorders.

  • A) anxiety; substance abuse

  • B) anxiety; depression

  • C) depression; anxiety

  • D) substance abuse; antisocial personality


5 which of these is an important qualification for a psychological disorder

5. Which of these is an important qualification for a psychological disorder?

  • A) There must be suffering.

  • B) It depends on the prevailing culture.

  • C) There must be suffering and it must impair the ability to function.

  • D) It must be rare.


6 normal anxiety is different from pathological anxiety in that for it to be a disorder

6.Normal anxiety is different from pathological anxiety in that for it to be a disorder:

  • A) it must be irrational.

  • B) it is uncontrollable.

  • C) it is disruptive.

  • D) all of the above must be true.


7 generalized anxiety disorder is sometimes referred to as

7.Generalized anxiety disorder is sometimes referred to as:

  • A) acute stress disorder.

  • B) chronic stress disorder.

  • C) free-floating anxiety.

  • D) nonspecific target anxiety.


8 according to the cognitive behavioral theory of panic disorder people with panic disorder

8.According to the cognitive-behavioral theory of panic disorder, people with panic disorder:

  • A) always experience anxiety when they face the same situation.

  • B) misinterpret the physical signs of arousal.

  • C) have flashbacks to an earlier stressful event.

  • D) have regularly predicted panic attacks.


9 agoraphobia is

9.Agoraphobia is:

  • A) fear of the marketplace.

  • B) fear of experiencing a panic attack.

  • C) fear of spiders.

  • D) fear of heights.


10 john mentally counts whenever he is out in public this is an example of

10. John mentally counts whenever he is out in public. This is an example of:

  • A) a specific phobia.

  • B) a panic attack.

  • C) an obsession.

  • D) a compulsion.


11 which of the following would not be an example of major depression

11.Which of the following would not be an example of Major Depression?

  • A) Bob, who does not make eye contact and feels hopeless

  • B) Jamie, who is preoccupied with death

  • C) Steve, who can’t sleep because his father died a couple days ago

  • D) Mary, who has had a loss of appetite and can’t stop crying


12 without treatment those who have been through one episode of major depression

12.Without treatment, those who have been through one episode of Major Depression:

  • A) have a 50% chance of having another episode.

  • B) are unlikely to have another occurrence in at least 5 years.

  • C) learn to cope with their depression.

  • D) usually commit suicide within the next year.


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

13.Jim asks, “What’s wrong with mania? If it is the opposite of depression, that sounds great.” You tell Jim a major problem that individuals with mania experience is:

  • A) they just want more and more excitement.

  • B) grandiosity removes all limits on their thoughts and behavior.

  • C) they ignore pain and just feel great.

  • D) happiness is not in perspective to what is going on around them.


14 is to major depression as is to bipolar disorder

14.___ is to Major Depression as ___ is to Bipolar Disorder.

  • A) sadness; happiness

  • B) acute; chronic

  • C) dysthymia; cyclothymia

  • D) cyclothymia; dysthymia


15 the drug lithium is usually the drug of choice for bipolar disorder because it regulates

15.The drug lithium is usually the drug of choice for bipolar disorder because it regulates:

  • A) norepinephrine.

  • B) serotonin.

  • C) stress hormones.

  • D) glutamate.


16 this personality disorder lacks control over impulses and is most likely to harm his her self

16.This personality disorder lacks control over impulses and is most likely to harm his/her self.

  • A) multiple personality disorder

  • B) antisocial personality disorder

  • C) paranoid personality disorder

  • D) borderline personality disorder


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

17.Showing little or no remorse, the person with ___ personality disorder will frequently deceive or manipulate others for his/her own personal gain.

  • A) borderline

  • B) paranoid

  • C) antisocial

  • D) histrionic


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

18.Those with antisocial personality disorder have met the criteria for another disorder in childhood or adolescence, and that disorder is:

  • A) paranoid personality disorder.

  • B) conduct disorder.

  • C) schizophrenia.

  • D) drug abuse.


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

19.In this disorder, the individual will have many alter egos, holding separate memories, emotions, and motives.

  • A) multiple personality disorder

  • B) dissociative identity disorder

  • C) dissociative fugue

  • D) schizophrenia


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

20.Researchers have a problem with the “traumatic memory” explanation of dissociative identity disorder because:

  • A) just the opposite effect occurs in most trauma victims.

  • B) most DID patients do not report early abuse.

  • C) trauma victims usually repress memories but do not develop DID.

  • D) none of the above are true.


21 a false belief that is strongly held in spite of contradictory evidence is

21. A false belief that is strongly held in spite of contradictory evidence is:

  • A) a leap of faith.

  • B) a hallucination.

  • C) a delusion.

  • D) disorganized thinking.


22 the most common type of false perceptions in schizophrenia are

22. The most common type of false perceptions in schizophrenia are:

  • A) delusions of grandeur.

  • B) visual hallucinations.

  • C) disorganized thinking.

  • D) auditory hallucinations.


23 lack of emotional expression demonstrated by schizophrenic individuals is called

23. Lack of emotional expression demonstrated by schizophrenic individuals is called:

  • A) alogia.

  • B) avolition.

  • C) flat affect.

  • D) delusions.


24 waxy flexibility is a symptom found in

24.Waxy flexibility is a symptom found in:

  • A) catatonic schizophrenia.

  • B) disorganized schizophrenia.

  • C) paranoid schizophrenia.

  • D) hebephrenic schizophrenia.


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

25.The fact that amphetamines and cocaine produce schizophrenia-like symptoms gives support for the ____ explanation of the cause of schizophrenia.

  • A) frontal lobe

  • B) dopamine hypothesis

  • C) loss of gray matter

  • D) viral infection theory


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

Congratulations!


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

Answers

Stop here, or continue as a review


1 in order for behavior to be considered a psychological disorder it must either1

1.In order for behavior to be considered a psychological disorder, it must either:

  • A) be out of the ordinary or dangerous.

  • B) make others uncomfortable or put them at risk.

  • C) put them at risk to harm themselves or to harm others.

  • D) cause distress or impair functioning.

507


2 the book that officially classifies all the different psychological disorders is the1

2.The book that officially classifies all the different psychological disorders is the:

  • A) APA-Dx.

  • B) DSM-IV-TR.

  • C) ICD-10.

  • D) NCS.

509


3 according to an ncs study the lifetime prevalence of psychological disorders is about1

3.According to an NCS study, the lifetime prevalence of psychological disorders is about:

  • A) 30%.

  • B) 20%.

  • C) 40%.

  • D) 50%.

510


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

The NCS found that women had a higher prevalence of ___ disorders and men had a higher prevalence of ___ disorders.

  • A) anxiety; substance abuse

  • B) anxiety; depression

  • C) depression; anxiety

  • D) substance abuse; antisocial personality

510


5 which of these is an important qualification for a psychological disorder1

5. Which of these is an important qualification for a psychological disorder?

  • A) There must be suffering.

  • B) It depends on the prevailing culture.

  • C) There must be suffering and it must impair the ability to function.

  • D) It must be rare.

507


6 normal anxiety is different from pathological anxiety in that for it to be a disorder1

6. Normal anxiety is different from pathological anxiety in that for it to be a disorder:

  • A) it must be irrational.

  • B) it is uncontrollable.

  • C) it is disruptive.

  • D) all of the above must be true.

512


7 generalized anxiety disorder is sometimes referred to as1

7.Generalized anxiety disorder is sometimes referred to as:

  • A) acute stress disorder.

  • B) chronic stress disorder.

  • C) free-floating anxiety.

  • D) nonspecific target anxiety.

512


8 according to the cognitive behavioral theory of panic disorder people with panic disorder1

8. According to the cognitive-behavioral theory of panic disorder, people with panic disorder:

  • A) always experience anxiety when they face the same situation.

  • B) misinterpret the physical signs of arousal.

  • C) have flashbacks to an earlier stressful event.

  • D) have regularly predicted panic attacks.

513


9 agoraphobia is1

9.Agoraphobia is:

  • A) fear of the marketplace.

  • B) fear of experiencing a panic attack.

  • C) fear of spiders.

  • D) fear of heights.

515


10 john mentally counts whenever he is out in public this is an example of1

10. John mentally counts whenever he is out in public. This is an example of:

  • A) a specific phobia.

  • B) a panic attack.

  • C) an obsession.

  • D) a compulsion.

507


11 which of the following would not be an example of major depression1

11.Which of the following would not be an example of Major Depression?

  • A) Bob, who does not make eye contact and feels hopeless

  • B) Jamie, who is preoccupied with death

  • C) Steve, who can’t sleep because his father died a couple days ago

  • D) Mary, who has had a loss of appetite and can’t stop crying

521


12 without treatment those who have been through one episode of major depression1

12.Without treatment, those who have been through one episode of Major Depression:

  • A) have a 50% chance of having another episode.

  • B) are unlikely to have another occurrence in at least 5 years.

  • C) learn to cope with their depression.

  • D) usually commit suicide within the next year.


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

13.Jim asks, “What’s wrong with mania? If it is the opposite of depression, that sounds great.” You tell Jim a major problem that individuals with mania experience is:

  • A) they just want more and more excitement.

  • B) grandiosity removes all limits on their thoughts and behavior.

  • C) they ignore pain and just feel great.

  • D) happiness is not in perspective to what is going on around them.

523


14 is to major depression as is to bipolar disorder1

14.___ is to Major Depression as ___ is to Bipolar Disorder.

  • A) sadness; happiness

  • B) acute; chronic

  • C) dysthymia; cyclothymia

  • D) cyclothymia; dysthymia


15 the drug lithium is usually the drug of choice for bipolar disorder because it regulates1

15.The drug lithium is usually the drug of choice for bipolar disorder because it regulates:

  • A) norepinephrine.

  • B) serotonin.

  • C) stress hormones.

  • D) glutamate.

525


16 this personality disorder lacks control over impulses and is most likely to harm his her self1

16.This personality disorder lacks control over impulses and is most likely to harm his/her self.

  • A) multiple personality disorder

  • B) antisocial personality disorder

  • C) paranoid personality disorder

  • D) borderline personality disorder

529


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

17. Showing little or no remorse, the person with ___ personality disorder will frequently deceive or manipulate others for his/her own personal gain.

  • A) borderline

  • B) paranoid

  • C) antisocial

  • D) histrionic

528


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

18.Those with antisocial personality disorder have met the criteria for another disorder in childhood or adolescence, and that disorder is:

  • A) paranoid personality disorder.

  • B) conduct disorder.

  • C) schizophrenia.

  • D) drug abuse.

529


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

19.In this disorder, the individual will have many alter egos, holding separate memories, emotions, and motives.

  • A) multiple personality disorder

  • B) dissociative identity disorder

  • C) dissociative fugue

  • D) schizophrenia

531


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

20.Researchers have a problem with the “traumatic memory” explanation of dissociative identity disorder because:

  • A) just the opposite effect occurs in most trauma victims.

  • B) most DID patients do not report early abuse.

  • C) trauma victims usually repress memories but do not develop DID.

  • D) none of the above are true.

532


21 a false belief that is strongly held in spite of contradictory evidence is1

21.A false belief that is strongly held in spite of contradictory evidence is:

  • A) a leap of faith.

  • B) a hallucination.

  • C) a delusion.

  • D) disorganized thinking.

533


22 the most common type of false perceptions in schizophrenia are1

22.The most common type of false perceptions in schizophrenia are:

  • A) delusions of grandeur.

  • B) visual hallucinations.

  • C) disorganized thinking.

  • D) auditory hallucinations.

534


23 lack of emotional expression shown in schizophrenia is called

23.Lack of emotional expression shown in schizophrenia is called:

  • A) alogia.

  • B) avolition.

  • C) flat affect.

  • D) delusions.

534


24 waxy flexibility is a symptom found in1

24.Waxy flexibility is a symptom found in:

  • A) catatonic schizophrenia.

  • B) disorganized schizophrenia.

  • C) paranoid schizophrenia.

  • D) hebephrenic schizophrenia.

536


Step up to discovering psychology by john j schulte psy d

25.The fact that amphetamines and cocaine produce schizophrenia-like symptoms gives support for the ____ explanation of the cause of schizophrenia.

  • A) frontal lobe

  • B) dopamine hypothesis

  • C) loss of gray matter

  • D) viral infection theory

540


Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments

  • Step Up Created by:

    John J. Schulte, Psy.D.

  • Based on Discovering Psychology 4e by Hockenbury & Hockenbury

  • Worth Publishers, 2007


Answers

Answers


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