The african american freedom struggle from the civil war to the twenty first century
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The African-American Freedom Struggle from the Civil War to the Twenty-First Century. Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Curt-Engelhorn Chair in American History Prof. Dr. Manfred Berg Summer Semester 2013. The Apex of Civil Rights Reform. The Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960

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The African-American Freedom Struggle from the Civil War to the Twenty-First Century

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The african american freedom struggle from the civil war to the twenty first century

The African-American Freedom

Struggle from the Civil War to the

Twenty-First Century

Ruprecht-Karls-Universität HeidelbergCurt-Engelhorn Chair in American HistoryProf. Dr. Manfred BergSummer Semester 2013

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


The apex of civil rights reform

The Apex of Civil Rights Reform

The Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960

The Kennedy Administration and Civil Rights

Toward the 1964 Civil Rights Act

Toward the Voting Rights Act

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Civil rights act of 1957

CivilRightsActof 1957

  • EstablishesCivilRightsCommission

  • EstablishesCivilRights Division in theDepartment of Justice

  • Authorizes Department of Justice tosuestateofficialforviolatingcivilrightsandvotingrights

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


John f kennedy 1917 1963

John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Freedom rides 1961

Freedom Rides, 1961

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Voter education project 1962 1964

Voter Education Project, 1962-1964

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Eugene t bull connor 1897 1973

Eugene T. „Bull“ Connor, 1897-1973

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Letter from a birmingham jail

Letter from a Birmingham Jail

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Birmingham april may 1963

Birmingham, April/May 1963

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


George c wallace 1919 1998

George C. Wallace, 1919-1998

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Medgar evers 1925 1963

Medgar Evers, 1925-1963

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


March on washington 28 08 1963

March on Washington, 28.08.1963

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


I have a dream

I Have A Dream

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Birmingham 15 9 1963

Birmingham, 15.9.1963

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Lyndon b johnson 1908 1973

Lyndon B. Johnson, 1908-1973

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Civil rights act 1964

CivilRightsAct 1964

  • ProhibitsRacial Segregation in publicfacilities

  • Prohibitsracialdiscrimination on accountofskincolor, race, national origin, religion, and sex.

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Mississippi freedom democratic party at atlantic city 1964

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party atAtlantic City, 1964

  • "We didn't come all this way for no two seats when all of us is tired".

    • Fannie Lou Hamer

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Robert moses 1935

Robert Moses, *1935

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Freedom summer 1964

Freedom Summer 1964

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Mississippi is for murder

Mississippi is for Murder

  • Andrew Goodman, 1943-1964

  • James Chaney, 1943-1964

  • Michael Schwerner, 1939-1964

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Selma alabama 1965

Selma, Alabama, 1965

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


The voting rights act of 1965

The VotingRightsActof 1965

  • Covers all statesthatrequireliteracytestsandhave a fewerthan 50% of all eligibleadults registered orvotíng

  • Suspends all literacytestsfor 5 years

  • Federal registrarstakeoverregistration in partsofthe South

  • States coveredbythelawhavetosubmit all votinglawchangestothe Department of Justice for „preclearance“

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


The impact of the the voting rights act

The Impact ofthetheVotingRightsAct

19641966

  • Alabama110,000250,000

  • Louisiana243,000350,000

  • Mississippi29,000 175,000

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


Civil rights reforms of 1964 65

CivilRightsReformsof 1964/65

  • Formal and legal equality?

  • Major breakthrough; achievementofgoalsforwhichblackshadfoughtanddiedfordecades

  • Additional lawsandcourtrulingsdismantledinstituionalracism

  • Part of a larger reformagendathat also includedeconomicopportunityandexpansionofthewelfarestate, e.g. War on Poverty

  • But: High expectationsremainunfulfilled. Black radicalization – White backlash.

Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg


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