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簡易教會歷史 - 四 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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簡易教會歷史 - 四. 聖殿騎士團. 事實上早在十字軍東征之前,在耶路撒冷聖地就已經出現保護朝聖者的騎士了。一直到教廷出面號召維護基督教信仰與收復聖地,才更進一步形成這些帶有強烈軍事性質的宗教組織,稱之為 Military Order 。 當時最早成立的這種基督教組織就是 1118 年為了保護耶路撒冷而創立的聖殿騎士團 Knights Templar ( 也有一說是將聖殿騎士團正式軍事化的 1120 年當成其成立的年份 ) 。 

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簡易教會歷史 - 四

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  • Military Order1118 Knights Templar (1120)

  • (Knights Templar)(Knights Hospitaller)(Teutonic Order)

  • Hugh De Payens Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon"" Knights Templar(Temple Mount) (Al-Aqsa Mosque)1The Temple Of Solomen Knights Templar (Temple)God wills it!


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  • (Cistercians) (St. Bernard of Clairvaux, 1090-1153)1128(Troyes)1130 Aragon

  • 1139 Innocent

  • ""(Grand Master

  • "" (Master)


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  • 300


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  • 11771125 Montgisard (Saladin, 1137-1193)26000 Baldwin 500 Ascalon 80 Gaza

  • Baldwin 80 Montgisard (Mamluk)


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  • 1119 - 1312

  • 1095-1099

  • 1119 - (Hugh De Payens)

  • 1128 - (Troyes)

  • 1130 - Aragon

  • 1135 -

  • 1139 - Innocent

  • 1147-1149 1177 - 1125 Montgisard

  • 1187 - 74 Hattin3000 Gerard de Ridefort

  • 1187 - 102


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  • 1189-1192

  • 1189 - 104Acre Gerard de Ridefort

  • 1191 - 97Arsuf

  • 1202-1204

  • 1217-1221

  • 1228-1229

  • 1244 -

  • 1244 - 1017La Forbie 33273

  • 1248-1254

  • 1270

  • 1307 - 1013138 Jacques de Molay 1

  • 1311 - 1016

  • 1312 - Clement


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  • (Temple Mount) (Holy Grail)1 (Ark of the Covenant)2 (King Solomon)3 (True Cross)4 (the Holy Lance of Longinus, Spear of Destiny)5

  • (Kingdom of Heaven, 2005)(Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, 1989) (Raiders of the Lost Ark, 1981)(Constantine, 2005)


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  • 1291--

  • 13071013

  • , 15

  • 138Jacques de Molay


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  • 1312


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