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Dr. James M. Cooper, Edinburgh Napier University. Beyond the regulatory comfort zone. 1. The taxi! . Well defined, well understood Consistent understanding the world over Regulatory tensions in control and delivery. 2. Defining a regulatory debate?.

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Beyond the regulatory comfort zone

Dr. James M. Cooper, Edinburgh Napier University

Beyond the regulatory comfort zone

1


The taxi
The taxi!

  • Well defined, well understood

  • Consistent understanding the world over

  • Regulatory tensions in control and delivery

2


Defining a regulatory debate
Defining a regulatory debate?

  • Role of the taxi as a separate and controlled industry

  • Taxis fall outwith definitions of public transport

  • History of control of taxis

3


Relationships between modes
Relationships between modes

  • Public transit, its control

  • Public transit, ongoing reforms

  • Deregulatory movements

  • Budgetary pressures

4


5


Categorizing development
Categorizing Development

  • Innovation within a regulatory framework

  • Innovation at the limits of a regulatory framework

  • Innovation requiring regulatory accomodation

6


Barriers to development
Barriers to development

  • Limitation of the structure itself

  • Limitation as a result of internally created barriers

  • Limitation as a result of external forces

7


Benefits from application
Benefits from application

  • Significant trade benefit, market and profitability

  • Significant Regulator and city benefits, transit improvements

  • Significant public benefits, improved access.

8


Research agenda
Research agenda

  • Need to counter lack of inclusion

  • Address differences in the descriptions with the trade, and understandings beyond it,

  • Data availability, presence and harvesting

  • Raise the profile of the mode to a parr with other forms of transport

9


www.tri-napier.org

www.taxiresearch.net

10


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