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Church History. Ca. 30AD. 590 AD. 1517 AD. Ancient Church History . Medieval Church History. Modern Church History. Reformation & Counter Reformation. Apostolic Church. The First Medieval Pope. Apostolic Fathers. The Rise of the Holy Roman Empire. Rationalism, Revivalism,

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Apostolic Church

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Apostolic church

Church History

Ca. 30AD

590 AD

1517 AD

Ancient Church History

Medieval Church History

Modern Church History

Reformation &

Counter Reformation

Apostolic Church

The First Medieval Pope

Apostolic Fathers

The Rise of the Holy Roman Empire

Rationalism, Revivalism,

& Denominationalism

The Crusades

Church Councils

Revivalism, Missions,

& Modernism

Golden Age of

Church Fathers

The Papacy in Decline

The Pre-Reformers

?


Apostolic church

That the end of the Hellenistic-Roman phase of Christianity “did not lead to the slow strangulation of the total Christian presence in the world was due to the slow, painful, and far from satisfactory spread of Christian allegiance among the tribal peoples beyond the old frontiers…”

Andrew Walls The Missionary Movement in Christian History, p. 19

ULFILAS

“little wolf”


Apostolic church

Four Centers of Missionary Movement in 2nd 500 years

  • Rome

2. Ireland

3. England

4. Persia/Constantinople


Apostolic church

Cyril & Methodius

Prince Vladimir of Kiev,982


Apostolic church

Reasons people were converting to Christianity

1. Some because they were forced to

2. Some because of perceived advantages

3. Some by a ‘power encounter’

How do you balance the reality of this?

God’s Providence was at work!


Apostolic church

AGES OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH

I. Period of Jewish Christianity

II. Period of Roman Empire

III. Period of Northern Europe, Central Asia


Apostolic church

“A STRANGE WIND BLOWING IN THE DESERT”


Apostolic church

BYZANTINE EMPIRE600 C.E.


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570

MECCA

MUHAMMAD

ABU TALIB

KHADIJAH


Apostolic church

610VISION FROM THE ANGEL GABRIEL

“Recite, in the name of your Lord, Who created mankind

from a clot of blood.

Recite, for your Lord is most generous; by the pen He

taught man what he did not know.”

610-622REMAINED IN MECCA

ALLAH IS GOD ALONE

DUTY OF MAN:SUBMIT (ISLAM)


How do muslims view the world

How do Muslims view the world?

dar al-islam

Territory where Muslim governments

ruleSharia

dar al-harb

Territory where Islamic rule is not present

NOTE:This can exist within Muslim countries

where Sharia is not the recognized law


Apostolic church

CIVIL WAR

UTHMAN (644-656)

ALI BIN ABU TALEB (650-661)

Ali’s followersShi’ites

Aisha’s followersSunnis


The fruit of islam 661 1095

The Fruit of Islam (661-1095)


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Turning point at Tours732

Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer)

Baghdad rises in prominence

Life of the Messenger of God Ibn Ishaq

Cairo surges in prominence

al-Azhar University

THE CRUSADES (1095-1291)


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FRONT LINES MOVE EAST (1298-1515)

ISLAM RESTORED TO SPLENDOR (1515-1919)

RISE OF OTTOMAN TURKS

ISLAM ON THE DEFENSIVE (1919-)


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ISLAMIC TEACHING (DOCTRINE) AND AUTHORITY

QUR’AN

Books of “hadith”


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“shar’ia”books of law“Outh al-Figh”

FIVE PILLARS (DOCTRINES/PRACTICES) OF ISLAM

1.“Shahadah” “There is no god but ALLAH, and Muhammad is his Prophet”

“Ilaha illa Allah, Muhammad vasul Allah”

2“Salah”PRAYER

3. “Zakah”Giving Alms

4. “Sawm”Fasting

5. “Hajj”Pilgrimage


Apostolic church

ISLAM IS A RELIGIONOF WORKS

‘Then as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy, he will live a pleasant life (in Paradise). But as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light, he will have his home in ‘Hawiyah” (pit; i.e. Hell)

Surah 101:6-9Noble Quran

jihad

struggle

moral

Fight the enemy of Allah until enemy dies or Muslim dies

military

(Jihad) is fighting anybody who stands in the way of spreading Islam. Or fighting anyone who refuses to enter into Islam. (based on Surah 8:39)


Apostolic church

Contract between Allah and a Muslim

“Let those (believers) who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter fight in the Cause of Allah, and whoso fights in the Cause of Allah, and is killed or gets victory, We shall bestow on him a great reward”

Surah 4:74Noble Quran

“For them Allah has got ready Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.”

Surah 9:89Nobel Quran

ASSURANCE OF FORGIVENESS!


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Jihad is a command to all Muslims, enforced by the Quran

“Those who reject Islam must be killed. If they turn back (from Islam) take

(hold of) them and kill them wherever you find them.”

Surah 4:89Noble Quran

“Let not the Unbelievers think that they can get the better (of the godly); they will never frustrate them. Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemis, of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom you may not know, but whom Allah knows.”

Surah 8:59-60Ali Translation


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