An institute of technology labs basic skills seminar
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An Institute of Technology Labs Basic Skills Seminar. Windows XP Administration: The Basics. Agenda. Windows XP Overview Differences between Home and Pro Versions System Administration Tasks Hands-on Time. Overview. Security Reliability Communication Media Support Compatibility

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Windows XP Administration: The Basics

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An institute of technology labs basic skills seminar

An Institute of Technology Labs

Basic Skills Seminar

Windows XP Administration:The Basics


Agenda

Agenda

  • Windows XP Overview

  • Differences between Home and Pro Versions

  • System Administration Tasks

  • Hands-on Time


Overview

Overview

  • Security

  • Reliability

  • Communication

  • Media Support

  • Compatibility

  • Performance

  • Extensibility

  • Portability


Features

Features

  • Registry & File System

  • Desktop

  • Disks

  • Users & Groups

  • Networking & Security

  • Services & Processes


Differences between xp home pro

XP Home Lacks:

64-bit edition

desktop policy management

offline folders

remote installation

roaming profiles

encrypting file system

ACL editor

five connections for file-sharing

automated system recovery

dynamic disks

remote desktop support

multiprocessor support

IIS (web server)

ability to join a domain

Differences between XP Home/Pro


System administration

System Administration

  • Install/uninstall/upgrade software and patches

  • Manage desktops

  • Define and manage files and disks

  • Manage users and groups

  • Create startup/shutdown scripts

  • Log activity and review logs

  • Schedule periodic tasks

  • Define and manage processes & services

  • Manage and audit resources

  • Configure network & network security


Install uninstall upgrade

Install/uninstall/upgrade

  • Windows Update

    • CPL/Automatic Updates

  • CPL/Add or Remove Programs

  • Application updaters

  • www.pxserver.com

    • winaudit


Manage desktops

Manage desktops

  • User profiles, home directory, startup

  • Icon placement

  • Startup menus

  • Tray icons

  • Folder views


Define manage files and disks

Define/manage files and disks

  • CPL/AT/Comp Mgmt/Disk Management

    • basic vs. dynamic

    • RAID levels

    • mounting

  • File permissions

  • Junctions

  • Backup/restore

  • Encryption/Compression


Manage users and groups

Manage users and groups

  • CPL/AT/Comp Mgmt/Local Users and Groups

    • Define:

      • logon accounts

      • groups (for authorization)

      • profile, logon script, home directory

    • Disable accounts

    • Set passwords

  • CPL/Local Security Settings/Account Policies

  • CPL/Local Security Settings/Local Policies/User Rights Assignments


Create startup shutdown scripts

Create startup/shutdown scripts

  • Startup scripts

  • Logon scripts

  • Logoff trapping

  • shutdown command

  • Choice of language

    • batch files

    • Visual Basic

    • Perl,Python,OORexx,etc.


Log activity and review logs

Log activity and review logs

  • Event Viewer

  • Logging events

    • WshShell.LogEvent()

    • Perl Win32::EventLog Report()

  • Resource kit tools

    • dumpevt

    • eventquery.vbs

    • eventtriggers.exe


Schedule periodic tasks

Schedule periodic tasks

  • Task scheduler

  • schtasks command

  • Gotchas

    • Runas

    • Run only if logged on

    • verifying execution

  • *.job files in C:\windows\tasks


Define manage processes services

Define/manage processes & services

  • start, runas commands

  • Task Manager

  • tasklist, taskkill commands

  • sc command

  • www.sysinternals.com

    • Process Explorer

    • PS Tools


Manage and audit resources

Manage and audit resources

  • CPL/System

    • Hardware/Device Manager

    • Advanced/Performance/Settings

  • CPL/AT/Local Security Policy

    • Local Policies/Audit Policies

  • CPL/AT/Performance

    • also, Task Manager

  • Other tools

    • www.pxserver.com: winaudit

    • www.sysinternals.com


Configure network network security

Configure network & network security

  • CPL/Network Connections

    • Local Area Connection Properties

      • Client for Microsoft Networks

      • File and Printer Sharing

        • with passwords on files and printers

      • suggest using tray icons for connection status

  • CPL/Windows Firewall

    • Exceptions/Add Program and Port

    • Advanced/Security Logging and ICMP

  • netsh command

  • netstat command


Hands on time

Hands-On Time

  • runas command

  • Backing up and Restoring

  • Setting File Permissions

  • Using Task Manager

  • Scheduling a Task

  • Viewing Events

  • Setting Windows Firewall Exceptions


  • Login