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Windows XP Administration: The Basics

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An Institute of Technology Labs Basic Skills Seminar. Windows XP Administration: The Basics. Agenda. Windows XP Overview Differences between Home and Pro Versions System Administration Tasks Hands-on Time. Overview. Security Reliability Communication Media Support Compatibility

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Presentation Transcript
agenda
Agenda
  • Windows XP Overview
  • Differences between Home and Pro Versions
  • System Administration Tasks
  • Hands-on Time
overview
Overview
  • Security
  • Reliability
  • Communication
  • Media Support
  • Compatibility
  • Performance
  • Extensibility
  • Portability
features
Features
  • Registry & File System
  • Desktop
  • Disks
  • Users & Groups
  • Networking & Security
  • Services & Processes
differences between xp home pro
XP Home Lacks:

64-bit edition

desktop policy management

offline folders

remote installation

roaming profiles

encrypting file system

ACL editor

five connections for file-sharing

automated system recovery

dynamic disks

remote desktop support

multiprocessor support

IIS (web server)

ability to join a domain

Differences between XP Home/Pro
system administration
System Administration
  • Install/uninstall/upgrade software and patches
  • Manage desktops
  • Define and manage files and disks
  • Manage users and groups
  • Create startup/shutdown scripts
  • Log activity and review logs
  • Schedule periodic tasks
  • Define and manage processes & services
  • Manage and audit resources
  • Configure network & network security
install uninstall upgrade
Install/uninstall/upgrade
  • Windows Update
    • CPL/Automatic Updates
  • CPL/Add or Remove Programs
  • Application updaters
  • www.pxserver.com
    • winaudit
manage desktops
Manage desktops
  • User profiles, home directory, startup
  • Icon placement
  • Startup menus
  • Tray icons
  • Folder views
define manage files and disks
Define/manage files and disks
  • CPL/AT/Comp Mgmt/Disk Management
    • basic vs. dynamic
    • RAID levels
    • mounting
  • File permissions
  • Junctions
  • Backup/restore
  • Encryption/Compression
manage users and groups
Manage users and groups
  • CPL/AT/Comp Mgmt/Local Users and Groups
    • Define:
      • logon accounts
      • groups (for authorization)
      • profile, logon script, home directory
    • Disable accounts
    • Set passwords
  • CPL/Local Security Settings/Account Policies
  • CPL/Local Security Settings/Local Policies/User Rights Assignments
create startup shutdown scripts
Create startup/shutdown scripts
  • Startup scripts
  • Logon scripts
  • Logoff trapping
  • shutdown command
  • Choice of language
    • batch files
    • Visual Basic
    • Perl,Python,OORexx,etc.
log activity and review logs
Log activity and review logs
  • Event Viewer
  • Logging events
    • WshShell.LogEvent()
    • Perl Win32::EventLog Report()
  • Resource kit tools
    • dumpevt
    • eventquery.vbs
    • eventtriggers.exe
schedule periodic tasks
Schedule periodic tasks
  • Task scheduler
  • schtasks command
  • Gotchas
    • Runas
    • Run only if logged on
    • verifying execution
  • *.job files in C:\windows\tasks
define manage processes services
Define/manage processes & services
  • start, runas commands
  • Task Manager
  • tasklist, taskkill commands
  • sc command
  • www.sysinternals.com
    • Process Explorer
    • PS Tools
manage and audit resources
Manage and audit resources
  • CPL/System
    • Hardware/Device Manager
    • Advanced/Performance/Settings
  • CPL/AT/Local Security Policy
    • Local Policies/Audit Policies
  • CPL/AT/Performance
    • also, Task Manager
  • Other tools
    • www.pxserver.com: winaudit
    • www.sysinternals.com
configure network network security
Configure network & network security
  • CPL/Network Connections
    • Local Area Connection Properties
      • Client for Microsoft Networks
      • File and Printer Sharing
        • with passwords on files and printers
      • suggest using tray icons for connection status
  • CPL/Windows Firewall
    • Exceptions/Add Program and Port
    • Advanced/Security Logging and ICMP
  • netsh command
  • netstat command
hands on time
Hands-On Time
  • runas command
  • Backing up and Restoring
  • Setting File Permissions
  • Using Task Manager
  • Scheduling a Task
  • Viewing Events
  • Setting Windows Firewall Exceptions
ad