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Realidades 2. Cap ítulo 3A Direct Object Pronouns / Los complementos directos Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint. To practice on line, go to www.phschool.com/foreign_languages/ , and use web code jdd-0304.

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Realidades 2

Realidades 2

Capítulo 3A

Direct Object Pronouns / Los complementos directos

Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint


To practice on line, go to

www.phschool.com/foreign_languages/ ,

and use web code jdd-0304.


Don’t forget the personal A in front of the person who is

a direct object!!


A. ¡Tengo que hacerlo!

Complete the following exchanges about errands people

have to run today with the missing direct object pronouns.

Also, underline what the direct object is in the question, and

the reason (what or whom) it is the direct object. Give the

reason for the direct object in the answer too!

Follow the model.

Modelo:

Whom did you help?

(your friends)

—¿Ayudaron ustedes a sus amigas con la tarea?_______________________

—Sí, __________ ayudamos después de la clase.________________________

Whom did we help?

(them / our friends)

las

las


What do you have? (toothpaste)

  • —¿Tienes la pasta dental?_____________________________

  • —No hay. No __________________ compré.

  • 2. —¿Vas a enviar la carta?______________________________

  • —Sí, __________________ eché al buzón hace una hora.

la

What did I not buy? (tooth paste/it)

What are you going to send?

(the letter)

la

What did I mail an hour ago? (the letter/it)


What do you have to return?

(the books)

3. —¿Tienes que devolver los libros?_______________________

—No, __________________ saqué ayer.

4. —¿Necesitas comprarte una raqueta de tenis?______________

—No, ya __________________ tengo.

los

What did I check out yesterday?

(the books/them)

What do you need to buy

yourself?

(a racket)

la

What do I already have? (a tennis racket/it)


What do I need?

(the shampoo)

5. —Necesito más champú.______________________________

—Puedo comprar__________________ en el supermercado.

6. —¿A qué hora se cierra el banco? Necesito cobrar unos cheques.______

—Se cierra a las cinco. _____________ puedes cobrar ahora.

lo

What can I buy? (the shampoo/it)

What do I need to cash?

(some checks)

Los

What can you cash now? (the checks/them)


What are you filling?

(the tank)

7. —¿Uds. llenan el tanque?_____________________________

—Sí, __________________ llenamos hoy por la mañana.

8. —¿Tienes sellos?___________________________________

—Sí, __________________ compré hoy por la mañana.

lo

What are we filling up? (the tank/it)

What do you have?

(stamps)

los

What did I buy today? (the stamps/them)



What do we need?

(toothpaste, deodorant, soap)

  • –Ana, do we need toothpaste, deodorant, and soap?_________

  • -Yes, we need them.

-Ana, ¿necesitamos pasta dental, deodorante y jabón?

-Sí, los necesitamos.

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


What do we have to mail?

(the letters)

2. We have to mail the letters. We have to mail them today._____

Tenemos que echarlas cartas.

(Debemos echar las cartas.)

Las tenemos que echar hoy. or

Tenemos que echarlas hoy. or

Las debemos echar hoy. or

Debemos echarlas hoy.

enviarmay be used instead ofechar

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


What do I intend to check out at the library?

(the book)

  • I intend to check out the book at the library._______________

  • I intend to check it out.

Pienso sacarel libro en la biblioteca.

Lo pienso sacar. or

Pienso sacarlo.

pensar + infinitive= to intend to…;to plan to…

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


Whom do the students respect?

(Mrs. Morales)

  • The students respect Mrs. Morales.______________________

  • The students respect her.

Los estudiantes respetan a la Sra. Morales.

Los estudiantes la respetan.

Remember to use the personal A in front of the direct object who is a person AND use the definite article with the title when speaking ABOUT the person!

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


Whom do we help?

(Mr. Ramírez)

5. Mr. Ramírez, we help you.____________________________

Sr. Ramírez, lo ayudamos.

Do NOT use the definite article with the title when speaking TO the person. Compare number 4 with number 5!

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


Whom do I see?

(Miss García)

6. Miss García, I see you.________________________________

Srta. García, la veo.

Do NOT use the definite article with the title when speaking TO the person. Compare number 4 with number 5 and number 6!

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


Whom do I know?

(Miss García and Mrs. Morales)

7. Miss García and Mrs. Morales, I know you.________________

Srta. García y Sra. Morales, las conozco.

Do NOT use the definite article with the title when speaking TO the person. Compare number 4 with number 5, number 6 and number 7!

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


C. ¿Preguntas? > Respuestas

Contesta lo siguiente en una frase completa en español

usando un complemento directo (lo, la, los, las). Recuerda

que una frase completa incluye un verbo conjugado. Escribe

la razón con que identificas el objeto directo (what or whom).

¡Cuidado! ¡La ortografía, la gramática, y la puntuación son

importantes! Sigue el modelo.


What did you buy? (toothpaste)

Modelo:

¿Compraste la pasta dental?___________________________

La compré.


What did you buy?

(sports equipment)

1. ¿Compraron Uds. el equipo deportivo?___________________

Sí, lo compramos. or

No, no lo compramos.

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


Whom must Mom wake up?

(Juanito)

2. Mamá debe despertar a Juanito, ¿verdad?________________

Mamá lo debe despertar. or

Mamá debe despertarlo.

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


What are you going to buy?

(shirt)

3. ¿Vas a comprar la camisa de algodón?__________________

La voy a comprar. or

Voy a comprarla.

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


What do you not know?

(answers)

4. ¿No sabes las respuestas?_________ _________________________

Las sé. or

No las sé.

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


What did Roberto return?

(books)

5. ¿Roberto devolvió los libros?__________________________

Roberto los devolvió. or

Roberto no los devolvió.

Remember to place direct object pronouns in front of the conjugated verb or at the end of the infinitive!


D. ¡A lavar!

Cuando Teresa regresa a casa por la tarde, tiene esta

conversación con su madre. Léela, y escribe el pronombre

apropiado: lo, la, los o las. También escribe la razón

(what or whom)con que identificas el objeto directo.


Mamá:¿Qué tal la película, Teresa?

Teresa:Bien, mamá. Me gustó mucho. Tú 1.____viste anoche, ¿no?

razón________________________________________

Mamá:Sí, pero no me gustó. Oye, ¿dónde estánlas cosas que

compraste en la farmacia? No 2.____ veo.

razón________________________________________

Teresa:El champú está sobre la mesa. ¿No 3.____ ves?

razón________________________________________

la

What did you see? (the movie – la película)

las

What do I not see? (the things – las cosas)

lo

What do you not see? (the shampoo – el champú)


Mamá:Ah, sí, aquí está. ¿Y la pasta dental?

Teresa:Creo que 4._____ dejé (I left) en el baño.

razón________________________________________

Mamá:Muy bien. ¿Y enviaste las cartas?

Teresa:Sí, mamá, 5._____ envié después de ir a la farmacia.

razón________________________________________

la

What did I leave in the bathroom?

(the toothpaste – la pasta dental)

las

What did I send? (the letters – las cartas)


Mamá:Gracias, hija. Ah, ¿compraste un regalopara tu abuela?

Teresa:¡Sí, mamá! Le compré un collar muybonito.

¿6.____ quieres ver?

razón________________________________________

Lo

What do you want to see? (the necklace – el collar)


Mamá:Sí, pero más tarde. Ahora tenemos quelimpiar la cocina. Tú

puedes lavar los platos.

Teresa:¡Ay! No puedo lavar 7.____ , mamá . . . ¡Se me olvidó

comprar el detergente!

razón________________________________________

Mamá:No importa, Teresa. ¡Yo 8.____ compréayer! Y ahora,

¡a lavar!

razón________________________________________

los

What can I not wash? (the dishes – los platos)

lo

What did I buy yesterday?

(the detergent – el detergente)


E. Para Escuchar

Listen as you hear several people describe a moment when

they saw someone who they thought was good-looking.

After each statement, complete the sentence below with the

correct location of the encounter. You will hear each

statement twice.


el supermercado

  • Lo vio en __________________________________________.

  • 2. La vio en __________________________________________.

  • 3. Los vio en__________________________________________.

  • 4. Las vio en __________________________________________.

  • 5. La vio en ___________________________________________.

el banco

la tienda de equipo deportivo

el correo

la farmacia


To practice on line, go to

www.phschool.com/foreign_languages/ ,

and use web code jdd-0304.


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