Composition of matter elements and atoms
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Composition of Matter Elements and Atoms. By Sierra, Rachel, Haley. What are elements?. Elements are the building blocks of all matter. Elements cannot be broken down into simpler substances. Examples: Oxygen Carbon Gold Copper Iron

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Composition of Matter Elements and Atoms

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Composition of matter elements and atoms

Composition of MatterElements and Atoms

By Sierra, Rachel, Haley


What are elements

What are elements?

  • Elements are the building blocks of all matter.

  • Elements cannot be broken down into simpler substances.

    • Examples:

      • Oxygen

      • Carbon

      • Gold

      • Copper

      • Iron

  • A complete listing of the elements appears in the periodic table.


Elements in the human body

Elements in the human body

  • Oxygen

  • Carbon

  • Hydrogen

  • Nitrogen

3.2 % Nitrogen

65% oxygen

18.5% Carbon

9.5% Hydrogen


Major roles of elements in the body

Major Roles of Elements in the body…

  • Oxygen

    • Reacts with glucose or food to produce ATP Energy and the Carbon dioxide that we breathe out.

    • Makes up 65.0% of our body mass.


Major roles of elements in the body1

Major Roles of Elements in the body…

  • Carbon

    • Carbon is required to form proteins, carbohydrates, fats and nucleic acid.

    • Also helps determine the body structure.

    • Makes up 18.5% of our body mass.


Major roles of elements in the body2

Major Roles of Elements in the body...

  • Hydrogen

    • Hydrogen atoms help to form water molecules, which are essential in our bodies.

    • Hydrogen also influences the pH of body fluids.

    • Makes up 9.5% of our body mass.


Major roles of elements in the body3

Major Roles of Elements in the body…

  • Nitrogen

    • Nitrogen is found in many organic molecules, including proteins and nucleic acids that make up DNA.

    • Makes up 3.2% of our body mass.

Nitrogen Base


Other elements found in the body

Other Elements found in the body…


What are atoms

What are Atoms?

  • Atoms are the smallest particle that still retains its special properties.

  • Atoms are the building blocks of elements.

    Atomic Symbol…

  • Every element is designated by a one- or two-letter chemical shorthand called a atomic symbol.


Work cited

Work Cited

  • "Cellular Respiration Tutorial." Hartnell College Biology Tutorials. Hartnell College, n.d. Web. 23 Aug 2013. <http://www.hartnell.edu/tutorials/biology/cellularrespiration.html>.

  • "What Does Carbon Do for Human Bodies?." Healthy Living. Gannett, n.d. Web. 23 Aug 2013. <http://healthyliving.azcentral.com/carbon-human-bodies-4307.html>.

  • "Basic Physiology." Toxicology Schools . Toxicology Schools, n.d. Web. 23 Aug 2013. <http://www.toxicologyschools.com/Free_Toxicology_Course2/a25.htm>.

  • "Mitochondrial DNA Testing." Mitochondrial DNA Testing. DNA Ancestry. Web. 23 Aug 2013. <http://www.mitochondrialdnatesting.com/>.

  • Marieb, Elaine. “Elements and Atoms.” Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology. SeinaBeauparlant. 8th ed. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2006. 27-29. Print.


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