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Importance of literature review. Dr. Neelima Mehta Principal and Dean Department of Education Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth. What is a Literature Review ?.
Dr. Neelima Mehta
Principal and Dean
Department of Education
Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth
The review of the literature is defined as a broad, comprehensive, in - depth, systematic , and critical review of scholarly publications, unpublished scholarly print materials, audiovisual materials, and personal communications.
Merriam (1988) define literature review as ‘an interpretation and synthesis of published work’
1. An early review
2. Review during the period of your research.
3. Review at the stage of preparing your final report
Step 1 : Identify Key Terms
Extract key words from your title (remember, you may decide to change the title later)
To identify key terms use Thesaurus of ERIC.
The site address is www.eric.ed.gov
1. Start with a general terms from the database thesaurus.
2. Redefine your topic if needed.
3. Identify landmark or classic studies and theorists.
A “secondary source” is research that summarizes or reports findings that come from primary sources.
summaries, encyclopedias, dictionaries and glossaries of terms, handbooks, statistical indexes, reviews and syntheses, books, journals, indexed publications, electronic sources, abstract series, and databases.
1.Create a “file” or “abstract” system to keep track of what you read. Each article you read should be summarized in one page containing -
sample, characteristics can be very handy as well)
2. Sort the abstracts into groups of related topics or areas which can then become the different sections of your review.
3. Take notes:
5. Identify major trends or patterns.
6. Identify gaps in the literature
7. Identify relationships among studies
8.Keep your review focused on your topic.
9.Evaluate your references for currency and coverage.
6. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research.
7. Plan to describe relevant theories.
8. Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory.
9. Plan to summarize periodically.
10. Plan to present conclusions and implications.
11. Plan to suggest specific directions for future research.
9. If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately.
10. Near the beginning of a review, state explicitly what will and will not be covered
11. Specify your point of view early in the review: this serves as the thesis statement of the review.
12. If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately.
13. Write a conclusion for the end of the review.
Read the following statements and identify if they are true (T) or false (F).
1 ---- F
2 ---- T
3 ---- T
4 ---- T
5 ---- T
6 ---- F
http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook /Review of Literature.html