Buddhism. 300 million + adherents primarily in China and S.E. Asia Originated near modern Nepal around 530 BC by prince Siddhartha Guatama . Indian traders brought it to China in 1st century AD. By 6th century it had lost its hold on India, but was now in Korea and Japan.
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1) sorrow and suffering must be endured by all
2) suffering and sorrow result from the greedy desire for pleasure
3) escape from such suffering and sorrow is achieved by giving up such desires
4) reaching a state of enlightenment and perfect peace called nirvana by following the Middle Way
Birthplace of Buddha
Karma - your past bad or good actions determine your progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.
Spread of Buddhism
Theravada – original teachings
Mahayana – easier for people to follow – pictured Buddha as a god & defined nirvana
Buddhism declined in India.
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