Buddhism
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Buddhism. 300 million + adherents primarily in China and S.E. Asia Originated near modern Nepal around 530 BC by prince Siddhartha Guatama . Indian traders brought it to China in 1st century AD. By 6th century it had lost its hold on India, but was now in Korea and Japan.

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  • Buddhism began in the foothills bordering the Ganges Plain about 500 B.C.

    • For centuries remained confined to the Indian subcontinent

    • Missionaries later carried it to other countries and regions

      • China — between 100 B.C. and A.D. 200

      • Korea and Japan — between A.D. 300 and 500

      • Southeast Asia — between A.D. 400 and 600

        • Tibet — A.D. 700

        • Mongolia — A.D. 1500

    • Developed many regional forms and died out in its area of origin


The four noble truths
The Four Noble Truths about 500 B.C.

1) sorrow and suffering must be endured by all

2) suffering and sorrow result from the greedy desire for pleasure

3) escape from such suffering and sorrow is achieved by giving up such desires

4) reaching a state of enlightenment and perfect peace called nirvana by following the Middle Way


The eightfold path
The Eightfold Path about 500 B.C.

right views

right intentions

right speech

right action

right living

right effort

right mindfulness

right concentration

Birthplace of Buddha


Karma - your past bad or good actions determine your progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.


Spread of Buddhism progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.

  • After Buddha’s death, followers collected the “Tripitaka” (3 baskets of wisdom)

    • Duty

    • Golden rule

    • Overcoming evil w/ good

      Two Sects

      Theravada – original teachings

      Mahayana – easier for people to follow – pictured Buddha as a god & defined nirvana

      Buddhism declined in India.


Cultural and biological exchanges along the silk roads
Cultural and Biological Exchanges Along the Silk Roads progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.

  • The Spread of Buddhism and Hinduism

Insert map on page 257


Relic worships at stupas
Relic Worships at Stupas progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.

  • Relics are parts of the Buddha’s body (hair, nails, bones, teeth, etc.) that have great power and can bless those who worship them

  • Stupas are Buddhist temples that house a relic of the Buddha


Asoka s sponsorship of stupas
Asoka’s sponsorship of stupas progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.


Buddhism hinduism compared
Buddhism & Hinduism Compared progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.

  • Grew from the same traditions

  • Both stress nonviolence and believe in karma, dharma, moksha, & reincarnation

  • Buddha rejected priests, rituals, and many Hindu gods.

  • Buddha rejected the caste system and offered the hope of nirvana to all.

  • Buddhists seek enlightenment through meditation


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