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1/22. Identify and analyze the impacts of World War I on citizens and soldiers. Bellringer: Mini quiz: Take out a sheet of paper and write your name, date and period at the top. WWI Mini-Quiz: No talking. List the Central Powers. List the Allied Powers. List 3 causes of WWI.

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1/22

  • Identify and analyze the impacts of World War I on citizens and soldiers.

  • Bellringer:

    • Mini quiz: Take out a sheet of paper and write your name, date and period at the top.


Wwi mini quiz no talking

WWI Mini-Quiz: No talking

  • List the Central Powers.

  • List the Allied Powers.

  • List 3 causes of WWI.

  • Whose assassination sparked the beginning of the war?

  • List 2 reasons that US joined the war.

  • Name one prominent American of WWI.

  • Draw a diagram of trench warfare with as much detail as possible.


Wilson s 14 points

Wilson’s “14 Points”

  • Issued in Jan. 1918

  • List of terms that Central Powers would have to meet to be able to end the war

  • Some of his points included:

    • Freedom of Seas

    • Free Trade

    • Large scale reduction of arms

    • No more secret treaties


The war ends

The war ends

  • 1917 – Russia surrenders (a separate peace)

    • Experiencing their own revolution at home

    • Bolshevik Revolution

      • Communist Takeover


The war ends1

The War Ends

  • Armistice

    • An agreement to end fighting

      • (Germany requested it- surrendered to the Allies)

    • Nov. 11, 1918

      • The 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month…

      • Now known as Veteran’s Day!!


Paris peace conference

Paris Peace Conference

  • Allied leaders met in Paris to determine the fate of Europe after the war

  • The “Big Three”

    • U.S. = President Woodrow Wilson

    • Great Britain= Prime Minister David Lloyd George

    • France= Georges Clemenceau

  • Central Powers not allowed to take place in negotiations


Treaty of versailles

Treaty of Versailles

  • June 1919

  • Agreement made between Allied powers and new German government

  • Official end to the war, and punishment for Germany’s actions


Treaty of versailles1

Treaty of Versailles

  • Terms of the Treaty:

    • Forced Germany to take full blame for war

    • Germany must pay reparations

      • cover cost of war’s destruction and pension money for wounded Allied soldiers

      • Total= $30 billion ($2.7 trillion today)

    • Weakened Germany by limiting the size of its armed forces

  • The Germans were forced to sign the treaty, but this caused resentment and bad feelings for years to come…


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IMPACT OF THE WAR


Psychological impact

Psychological impact

  • “Never such innocence again”

  • First large scale war that involved countries all over the world

  • Soldiers experienced the horrors of a new type of warfare, were never the same


Social impact

Social Impact

  • Men lost limbs and were mutilated

  • Birthrate fell tremendously

  • Invalids unable to work

  • Ethnic hostility

  • Influenza epidemic

    • 20 million people died


Economic impact

Economic Impact

BEFORE

  • Across Europe homes, factories, roads, churches, etc were destroyed

  • Cost of war for each country:

    • GB= $55 billion

    • France= $45 billion

    • U.S.= $33 billion

    • Germany= $60 billion

    • A-H= $25 billion

    • Russia= $25 billion

    • TOTAL=

      approx $250 billion

AFTER


Death toll of war

Death Toll of War

Total Casualties = approximately 35-40 million**

** An estimated 6-13 million of these people were innocent civilians from both sides


1 22 exit ticket

1/22 Exit Ticket

  • Of all of the effects of World War I, which one had the greatest impact on the US?

  • Answer in at least 3 complete sentences.


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