Haber
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Haber. To have. To Have. The verb “to have” is used in three different ways in English: to have something (possession) to have to do something (obligation) to have done something (reference to an activity) Consider the following examples: I have a wagon. I have to study for a test.

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Haber

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Haber

Haber

To have


To have

To Have

  • The verb “to have” is used in three different ways in English:

    • to have something (possession)

    • to have to do something (obligation)

    • to have done something (reference to an activity)

  • Consider the following examples:

    • I have a wagon.

    • I have to study for a test.

    • I have been to the zoo.


Tener vs haber

Tener vs. Haber

  • Tener is used to talk about possession and obligation.

  • Haber is used to refer to actions.

    • Haber can be confusing at first, but mastering it is a big step toward mastering Spanish.

    • Tenses that use haber are referred to as perfect tenses.


Using to have to talk about actions

Using “to have” to talk about actions

  • I have seen that movie.

  • I would have spoken to her.

  • I will have graduated by then.

  • I had been waiting for an hour.


Haber1

Haber

  • Haber can be conjugated into any tense, just like any other verb.

    • Present (he, has, ha…), Preterit (hube, hubiste, hubo…), Imperfect (había, habías, había…), etc.

  • However, haber never stands alone. It is always accompanied by another verb, in the past participle form. (See next slide)

  • Haber is irregular in many tenses.


  • Past participle

    Past Participle

    • The past participle of a verb is formed by removing the ending (–ar, –er, or –ir) and adding –ado (for –ar verbs) or –ido (for –er or –ir verbs).

    • When used with haber, the participles are not modified according to number or gender.

    • There are many irregular past participles.


    Present perfect

    Present Perfect

    • This is where things get a little confusing. The present perfect is used to talk about things that have happened, meaning that it actually refers to the past; however, the present tense of haber is used. (This same confusion exists in English, we just don’t ever think about it.)

      • Yo he hablado con ella.

      • I have spoken to her.

    Past participle of haber

    Present yo form of haber.


    Haber in different tenses

    Haber in different Tenses

    I have talked to her.

    Yo he hablado con ella.

    I had talked to her.

    Yo hube hablado con ella.

    (This is very uncommon; the imperfect is generally used instead.)

    I had talked to her.

    Yo había hablado con ella.

    I would have talked to her.

    Yo habría hablado con ella.

    I will have talked to her.

    Yo habré hablado con ella.


    Practice

    Practice

    • Using what you have just learned, try to translate the following sentences:

      • I have eaten dinner.

      • You have visited your friends.

      • We had already arrived.

      • He would have made good grades.

      • They will have called already.


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