The end of the vietnam war
Download
1 / 19

The End of the Vietnam War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 103 Views
  • Uploaded on

The End of the Vietnam War. TET Offensive. Tet – weeklong festivities for Vietnamese New Year Supposed week long truce Funerals being held for war victims Coffins contained weapons Vietcong launched attack on 100 cities in S. Vietnam, 12 US airbases, fierce fighting in Saigon.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The End of the Vietnam War' - yvonne-buckner


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Tet offensive
TET Offensive

  • Tet – weeklong festivities for Vietnamese New Year

  • Supposed week long truce

    • Funerals being held for war victims

  • Coffins contained weapons

  • Vietcong launched attack on 100 cities in S. Vietnam, 12 US airbases, fierce fighting in Saigon

South Vietnamese General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the national police, fires his pistol into the head of suspected Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem on a Saigon street, on Feb. 1, 1968.


Tet offensive results
Tet Offensive Results

  • 1 month for US forces to regain control

  • Militarily - “Defeat for Vietcong”

    • Vietcong losses – 32,000

    • US lost – 3,000

  • Psychological and Political

    • Shook American public

      • No longer believed body counts

      • No longer believed close to defeat

    • Johnson’s reputation suffers

    • American views of war Change


“More Certain than ever that the bloody experience of Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite


The divide of the democrats
The Divide of the Democrats Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Majority of Americans disapprove of war policies

  • Anti-war coalition in Democratic party created before Tet to unseat Johnson

  • Group nominates Eugene McCarthy

  • Johnson barely won primary in NH

  • RFK citing Johnson’s weakness at polls declares

  • Johnson announces his withdraw and end of escalation in Vietnam


A time of turmoil 1968
A Time of Turmoil - 1968 Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • MLK and RFK assassinated

  • Protests, Riots, and turmoil throughout the nation

  • The Democratic National Convention – Chicago

    • Hubert Humphrey vs. Eugene McCarthy

    • VP Humphrey slated to win

    • Protesters came, Mayor ordered 12000 troops and 5000 National Guardsmen

    • Protestors beat with clubs and sprayed with mase

    • Spilled into the streets

    • All Nationally televised – made Democrats who were divided look Worse


Election of 1968
Election of 1968 Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Nixon, never strayed far from politics announces Republican candidacy

    • Promised to restore order

  • Independent George Wallace (former Democrat)

  • Nixon defeats Humphrey by over 100 electoral votes, only 43% popular vote


Nixon s vietnam policies
Nixon’s Vietnam Policies Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Negotiations poor

  • Vietnamization

    • gradual withdraw of US troops

    • Allow S. Vietnamese too take more responsibility

    • US Troops dropped from 500,000 to 25,000 over next 3 yrs

  • “Peace with Honor”

    • Maintain US dignity despite withdraw

    • Maintain US power at Negotiation Table

    • Secretly bombed supply lines, Laos and Cambodia


My lai massacre
My Lai Massacre Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Read the Handout

  • Effects: America Shocked, further divides nations against Vietnam


Invasion of cambodia
Invasion of Cambodia Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • America becoming less explosive, even at college campuses

  • Nixon declares invasion

  • Purpose:

    • Clear out North Vietnamese and supply lines

  • Effects:

    • Colleges erupt in protest

    • 1.5 million students, 1200 campuses


Kent state 1970
Kent State - 1970 Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • You Tube Video

  • You Tube Video 2


Pentagon papers
Pentagon Papers Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • 7,000 page document revealing gov. plans for entering war as Johnson promised not escalate

  • Revealed plans to not end war as long as N. Vietnamese persisted

  • Leaked by former Defense Dept. worker

  • Effects:

    • Confirmed belief that gov. had not been honest

    • Greater distrust in government


Peace at hand
“Peace At Hand” Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • March ‘72 – North Vietnam launched largest attack since Tet, Nixon counters with massive bombing – still resulted in stalemate

  • Election and Growing Division in US led Nixon to arrange final troop withdraw

  • Henry Kissinger Nixon’s top negotiator – gave in insistence that North Vietnamese troops leave South Vietnam before US troops

  • Announced “Peace at Hand”

  • Nixon won re-election


  • Take Handouts up Front Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Unit 12 – Vietnam Test TOMORROW

    • Journals Due


America pulls out
America Pulls Out Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Thieu regime in S. Vietnam rejected Kissinger’s negotiations  talks broke off  Nixon bombed Hanoi and Haiphong

  • Congress, Beijing and Moscow called to end war

  • US signed agreement to end war & restore peace

    • North Vietnamese troops remain in S. Vietnam

    • No Violation of Peace or Nixon would Return

  • Cease fire agreement collapsed

  • North full invasion of South

  • Thieu begged US help, sent aid but no troops


Impacts of war
Impacts of War Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Landscape of Vietnam DESTROYED

  • The Price of War:

    • United States: 58,000 died in Vietnam313,616 wounded10,000 lost at least one limb due to booby traps, mines, ambushes and other guerilla tactics1340 remain MIA

    • South Vietnam: 185,528 killed499,026 wounded

    • North Vietnam/Viet Cong: 924,048 dead415,000 civilians killed935,000 civilians wounded


Effects of war on southeast asia
Effects of War on Southeast Asia Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • North Vietnam gains control of South

    • Communist imprisoned 400,000 South Vietnamese

    • Many fled on anything that floated, caused Humanitarian crisis:

      • 50,000 died

  • Cambodia broke into Civil War

    • Khmer Rouge (communist party) wanted to transform into a peasant utopian society

    • Killed estimated 2 million Cambodians


Effects on american soldiers
Effects on American Soldiers Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Return home often faced with hostility or indifference

  • 15% developed PTS

  • Many began abusing drugs and/or alcohol

  • Several thousand committed suicide

  • Many lost limbs, hard readjustment to society


Effects of the war on the us
Effects of the war on the US Vietnam to end in a stalemate.” ~Walter Cronkite

  • Controversy between Hawks vs. Doves

  • Abolishment of the Draft

  • Passing of War Powers Act

    • President must inform Congress 48 hours if sending troops to non war declared hostile zone

    • Troops remain no longer than 90 days if non declared war

  • Alter American views on foreign policy – possible risks to own interests

  • Distrust of politicians and government, lost optimism of Eisenhower/Kennedy years

    • Johnson – misleading info

    • Nixon – concealed activities, watergate


ad