Unit 5 mexican national tension with spain and the u s
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Unit 5: Mexican National Tension with Spain and the U.S. Section One Notes. French and Indian War. In 1754, a war began between France and Great Britain over land in the New World. Surprisingly, Spain sided with France because they feared Great Britain’s growing power. The British ended

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Unit 5: Mexican National Tension with Spain and the U.S.

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Unit 5 mexican national tension with spain and the u s

Unit 5: Mexican NationalTension with Spain and the U.S.

Section One Notes


French and indian war

French and Indian War

In 1754, a war began between France and Great

Britain over land in the New World. Surprisingly,

Spain sided with France because they feared

Great Britain’s growing power. The British ended

up winning the war, and France and Spain were

forced to cede, or officially give, territory to

Britain after signing the Treaty of Paris.


A loss but a win

A Loss, But a Win!

Spain lost Florida, but in return for siding with France, Spain was given land by France when the war was over. Spain gained New Orleans

and all the French territory to the west of the

Mississippi River.


Unit 5 mexican national tension with spain and the u s

North America After

the Treaty of Paris


The marqu s de rub report

The Marqués de Rubí Report

Marqués de Rubí was sent north by the Spanish

government in Mexico City to inspect all of their land holdings. After traveling for two years, he turned in his report.

He had four recommendations:


Unit 5 mexican national tension with spain and the u s

  • Spain should abandon all missions and presidios except those at La Bahía and San Antonio.

  • San Antonio should then replace Los Adaes as the capital of Texas.

  • The Spanish population in East Texas should be moved to San Antonio to strengthen the defenses of the settlement and missions there.

  • The Spanish should befriend the Comanche and use their help in fighting the Apache.


Changes in texas policies

Changes in Texas Policies

The Spanish approved of Rubí’s recommendations. They changed the capital of Texas and moved the settlers from Los Adaes to San Antonio. But the settlers were unhappy there. They eventually were allowed to leave, led by Antonio Gil Ybarbo. These people eventually founded the town of Nacogdoches.


Spanish native american relations

Spanish – Native American Relations

The Spanish started to realized that the mission system failed at securing peaceful relations with Native Americans in Texas. The missions were often being attacked by Native American groups. Spain decided to try the French plan of trading with them and giving them gifts. Eventually, the Spanish and the Comanche signed a peace treaty and maintained peace for 30 years. However, attacks by the Apache continued.


The growing u s threat

The Growing U.S. Threat

In 1775, American settlers of the thirteen colonies began fighting for their independence from Great Britain, and Spain joined to fight against the British. The United States won its independence in 1783 and became a republic, a government in which voters elect officials to represent them. But the United States grew quickly, threatening Spain’s hold on land in the New World.


The louisiana purchase

The Louisiana Purchase

Spain was already worried about U.S. citizens entering Spanish territory and settling on the land. Then in 1800, France forced Spain to return Louisiana and then sold it to the United States for $15 million in 1803. This land deal, known as the Louisiana Purchase, doubled the size of the U.S. The United States now bordered New Spain.


Unit 5 mexican national tension with spain and the u s

After the Louisiana Purchase


Border disputes in texas

Border Disputes in Texas

Soon after the Louisiana Purchase, a dispute arose over the undefined boundaries of the Louisiana Territory, with some U.S. officials claiming that the boundary was the Rio Grande. That would mean Texas was part of the United States.


Temporary agreement

Temporary Agreement

In 1806, Spanish colonel Simón de Herrera met with U.S. General James Wilkinson. They agreed to make the disputed territory neutral, not belonging to either side. This Neutral Ground would not be touched until delegates, or representatives, from each country could come to a better agreement.


The adams on s treaty

The Adams-Onís Treaty

In 1819, Spain and the U.S. signed the Adams

Onís Treaty. As part of the terms, the U.S. gave

up claims to Texas in exchange for the Neutral

Ground and Florida.


Unit 5 mexican national tension with spain and the u s

After the Adams-Onís Treaty


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