Jefferson ascendency
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Jefferson Ascendency. A.P. U.S. History Mr. Krueger. Contradictions?. William Jenson – an Englishman living in the US for 13 years encountered true Jefferson Republicans. They were: self – confident, assertive, blatantly racist, and never to be delegated to low states.

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Jefferson Ascendency

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Jefferson ascendency

Jefferson Ascendency

A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Krueger


Contradictions

Contradictions?

  • William Jenson – an Englishman living in the US for 13 years encountered true Jefferson Republicans.

  • They were: self – confident, assertive, blatantly racist, and never to be delegated to low states.

  • Negatives to Jeffersonian thought was those who spoke of equal opportunity and liberty often owned slaves.


Regional identities

Regional Identities

  • Began to form strong regional identities

    • South , New England, West

  • Improved Transportation (internal improvement) allows geographic expansion

    • Canals, Waterways, roads

    • No trains yet…


Western conquest

Western Conquest

  • After the Revolution, many journeyed west and “squatted” – claimed land by living on it.

  • Waterways are essential transportation

  • New States and territories join the Union

  • Western folkways emerge

    • Western Heroes

      • Daniel Boone – fur trader – Native American Fighter

      • Mike Fink – Keelboatman of the Mississippi River


Native americans

Native Americans

  • Ravages on the frontier:

    • Disease

    • Lack of unity

    • Selling huge tracks of land for whiskey and trinkets

  • Shawnee leaders were disgusted by the sales

  • Tecumseh – attempted to revitalize native culture

  • Settlers felt this was a threat – crushed his thoughts of cultural renaissance

  • Jefferson talked of creating a vast reservation west of the Appalachians


Tecumseh

Tecumseh

  • http://www.edwindearborn.com/tecumseh-poem-a-quote-to-live-by/


Commercial capitalism

Commercial Capitalism

  • Pre 1810 – America was directly involved in Agriculture

  • Agricultural fairs economically important

  • Merchant Marine was important for shipping

  • During Jeffersonian Democracy – cities functioned as depots for international trade


Republican ascendancy

Republican Ascendancy

  • Jefferson ran for office to:

    • Reduce the size of the Federal Government

    • Repeal the Alien and Sedition Acts

    • Maintain international peace

  • Had close ties with congress

  • Carefully selected the members of his cabinet

    • James Madison – Sec. of State

    • Albert Gallatin – Sec. of Treasury – understood federal budget

  • TJ Reforms

    • Top priority was cutting the national debt – nat. debt was dangerous to republican institutions

    • Must repeal direct taxes – whiskey tax


Republican ascendancy1

Republican Ascendancy

  • Gallatin linked federal income to commerce – as long as commerce flourished, the nation had revenue

  • Ordered substantial cuts in national budget

  • Jefferson closed some embassies in Europe and cut military spending

  • He believed this would foster peace

  • State militias could protect the country

  • Some federalists resign – would not bow to the commons.


Louisiana purchase

Louisiana Purchase

  • Jefferson thought Spain would sell Louisiana and Florida to the US, and he was prepared to use force.

  • 1801 – Spain transferred title to France

    • Napoleon was intent on reestablishing his empire in North America

    • Ended Haiti rebellion through military might

    • From here, he could occupy New Orleans and close the Mississippi River

    • Potential War

  • Jefferson hopes they can purchase the city, sends James Monroe to join American minister Robert Livingston in Paris.

  • When Monroe arrived, Napoleon already gave up on American Empire, his troops fell to tropical diseases (30,000 died)

  • Napoleon announced “Damn sugar, Damn coffee, Damn colonies”

  • He renounced Louisiana


Louisiana purchase1

Louisiana Purchase

  • Talleyrand (French Minister) offered Louisiana Territory for $15 million – it would double the size of the US

  • Jefferson did not know if he had constitutional power to acquire territory, but he rushed it to the senate to ratify it.

  • Recommended a traditional government consisting of appointed officials

  • Bill barely passed the House of Reps. Opposition from his own party because it imposed taxes without the citizens of Louisiana’s consent.

  • Some called it complete despotism, and it was contrary to Republican principles


Additional topics

Additional Topics

  • Barbary War

  • Slave Trade

  • Embargo Act

  • War Hawks

  • Hartford Convention

  • Treaty of Ghent


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