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Description vs. Analysis Description re-telling of history facts stories what happened. Analysis SO WHAT?! Why is it important? What does this tell us about the topic/issue? (depends on the ? a sked) As a writer of history, your job is to do BOTH---

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  • Description vs. Analysis

  • Description

    • re-telling of history

    • facts

    • stories

    • what happened.

  • Analysis

    • SO WHAT?!

    • Why is it important?

    • What does this tell us about the topic/issue? (depends on the ? asked)

    • As a writer of history, your job is to do BOTH---

      • Analyze issue(s) in history is both recalling of facts and examining why/how it is important (this all depends on the ? asked).


Although New England and the Chesapeake regions were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur?


Introduction: settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

Sentence One: Generalization

With colonization of the New World came settlers from various European countries who occupied the vast wilderness for a variety of reasons.


Introduction: settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

Sentence Two: Generalization

Escaping conscription, religious persecution, political repression, or seeking new economic opportunities, settlers flocked to the shores of America throughout the seventeenth century.


Introduction: settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

Sentence Three: Narrowing

The English formed a significant segment of the settling populous as they congregated in the New England and Chesapeake regions.


Introduction: settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

Sentence Four: Narrowing

Despite a shared heritage, the two regions slowly evolved over the seventeenth century into two distinct cultures.


Introduction: settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

Sentence Five: Thesis statement

The motivations for settlement, the characteristics of each region’s settlers, and the economies they developed all contributed to establishing unique regions within the New World.


Introduction: settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

With colonization of the New World came settlers from various European countries who occupied the vast wilderness for a variety of reasons. Escaping conscription, religious persecution, political repression, or seeking new economic opportunities, settlers flocked to the shores of America throughout the seventeenth century. The English formed a significant segment of the settling populous as they congregated in the New England and Chesapeake regions. Despite a shared heritage, the two regions slowly evolved over the seventeenth century into two distinct cultures. The motivations for settlement, the characteristics of each region’s settlers, and the economies they developed all contributed to establishing unique regions within the New World.

(thesis statement underlined)


Topic sentence 1
Topic Sentence #1 settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

  • Topic Sentence: Religious persecution in England forced many Puritans to flee their homeland in the early 1600s.

    * historical evidence I could reference:

    • King James I

    • Separatists

    • John Winthrop

    • Mayflower Compact

    • Bible Commonwealth—“city on a hill”


Topic sentence 2
Topic Sentence #2 settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

Topic Sentence & Transition: While religious opportunism governed the establishment of the New England region, economic opportunism allowed for the rapid settlement of the Chesapeake region.

  • * historical evidence I could reference:

    • Primogeniture

    • Joint stock companies

    • Jamestown

    • Cash crops—tobacco


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