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Basic Exposure Controls. SHUTTER SPEEDS. APERTURE / F-STOPS. ISO SENSITIVITY. ISO Setting - Controls the sensitivity of the sensor. ISO Sensitivity. -Lower number for brighter situations (100, 200iso) -Use a higher number for darker situations (400, 800, 1600iso)

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Basic exposure controls

Basic Exposure Controls

SHUTTER SPEEDS

APERTURE / F-STOPS

ISO SENSITIVITY


Iso sensitivity

ISO Setting - Controls the sensitivityof the sensor

ISO Sensitivity

-Lower number for brighter situations

(100, 200iso)

-Use a higher number for darker situations

(400, 800, 1600iso)

Higher number = more sensitivity = grain and noise in digital files



Aperture or f stops

  • Designated in “f-stops” f2.8, f4.0, f5.6, f8, f11, 16, f22

  • -Smaller opening for brighter situations

  • (f8, f11, f16, f22)

  • -Wider opening for darker situations

  • (f2.8, f4. f5.6)

  • Aperture orf-stops


    Aperture or f stops1

    Aperture lensorf-stops

    -Smaller opening for brighter situations

    (f8, f11, f16, f22)

    -Wider opening for darker situations

    (f2.8, f4. f5.6)


    Aperture or f stops2

    Aperture also determines the lensdepth of field

    Or, what’s in focus from front to back

    Aperture orf-stops


    Shutter speeds controls how fast the shutter opens and closes

    Shutter Speeds lenscontrols how fast the shutter opens and closes

    Designated by shutter speed dial or menu; 60th, 125th, 250th, 500th

    -Faster shutter speed freezes action (500th, 1000th, 2000th, etc)

    -Slower shutter speed for highlighting motion (30th, 60th, etc)


    Shutter speeds control how fast the shutter opens and closes

    Shutter Speeds lenscontrol how fast the shutter opens and closes

    @ f 16

    Designated by shutter speed dial, menu: 60th, 125th, 250th, 500th

    Shutter speed also freezes or blurs the action!


    Shutter speeds fast shutter speeds freeze the action 1 250 th 1 500 th 1 2000 th
    Shutter Speeds lensFast Shutter Speeds Freeze the Action1/250th, 1/500th, 1/2000th


    Shutter speeds slow shutter speeds exaggerate the action
    Shutter Speeds lensSlow Shutter Speeds Exaggerate the Action

    1/30th or less


    Iso shutter speed aperture balanced together determine proper exposure

    ISO + Shutter Speed + Aperture lensbalanced togetherdetermine proper exposure

    “Sunny 16 Rule?”


    What s proper exposure

    How will I know I have reached exposure Nirvana? lens

    What’s Proper Exposure?





    But i m using the green setting
    But I’m using the lensGREEN setting…

    Scene Modes


    Scene modes
    Scene Modes lens

    Let your camera make the decisions!

    Lady = Portraits

    Mountains = Landscapes

    Flower = Macro Photos

    Runner = Action Photos

    Star – Night time Photos

    Others: “Food”, “Candlelight”, “Fireworks, “Snow”, “NightShot”, “Performance”, etc…


    Scene modes1
    Scene Modes lens

    M = Manual Mode

    AV = Aperture Priority

    TV = Shutter Priority (Canon)

    S = Shutter Priority (Nikon)

    P – Evil, evil Program Mode


    Scene modes2
    Scene Modes lens

    Aperture Priority – You set the Aperture and the camera selects

    the ISO Sensitivity and Shutter Speeds for proper exposure

    Shutter Priority – You set the Shutter Speed and the camera selects

    the ISO Sensitivity and Aperturefor proper exposure


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