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Basic Exposure Controls. SHUTTER SPEEDS. APERTURE / F-STOPS. ISO SENSITIVITY. ISO Setting - Controls the sensitivity of the sensor. ISO Sensitivity. -Lower number for brighter situations (100, 200iso) -Use a higher number for darker situations (400, 800, 1600iso)

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basic exposure controls

Basic Exposure Controls

SHUTTER SPEEDS

APERTURE / F-STOPS

ISO SENSITIVITY

iso sensitivity

ISO Setting - Controls the sensitivityof the sensor

ISO Sensitivity

-Lower number for brighter situations

(100, 200iso)

-Use a higher number for darker situations

(400, 800, 1600iso)

Higher number = more sensitivity = grain and noise in digital files

aperture or f stops

Aperture – controls the amount of light coming thru the lens

    • Little opening, “Big Honking Hole”!
  • Designated in “f-stops” f2.8, f4.0, f5.6, f8, f11, 16, f22
  • -Smaller opening for brighter situations
  • (f8, f11, f16, f22)
  • -Wider opening for darker situations
  • (f2.8, f4. f5.6)

Aperture orf-stops

aperture or f stops1

Aperture orf-stops

-Smaller opening for brighter situations

(f8, f11, f16, f22)

-Wider opening for darker situations

(f2.8, f4. f5.6)

shutter speeds controls how fast the shutter opens and closes

Shutter Speedscontrols how fast the shutter opens and closes

Designated by shutter speed dial or menu; 60th, 125th, 250th, 500th

-Faster shutter speed freezes action (500th, 1000th, 2000th, etc)

-Slower shutter speed for highlighting motion (30th, 60th, etc)

shutter speeds control how fast the shutter opens and closes

Shutter Speedscontrol how fast the shutter opens and closes

@ f 16

Designated by shutter speed dial, menu: 60th, 125th, 250th, 500th

Shutter speed also freezes or blurs the action!

scene modes
Scene Modes

Let your camera make the decisions!

Lady = Portraits

Mountains = Landscapes

Flower = Macro Photos

Runner = Action Photos

Star – Night time Photos

Others: “Food”, “Candlelight”, “Fireworks, “Snow”, “NightShot”, “Performance”, etc…

scene modes1
Scene Modes

M = Manual Mode

AV = Aperture Priority

TV = Shutter Priority (Canon)

S = Shutter Priority (Nikon)

P – Evil, evil Program Mode

scene modes2
Scene Modes

Aperture Priority – You set the Aperture and the camera selects

the ISO Sensitivity and Shutter Speeds for proper exposure

Shutter Priority – You set the Shutter Speed and the camera selects

the ISO Sensitivity and Aperturefor proper exposure

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